Following the collision Monday between the USS John S. McCain, a guided-missile destroyer, and the merchant vessel, Defense Secretary James Mattis said he supports the decision by Adm. John Richardson, chief of naval operations, to conduct a "comprehensive review" of recent US Navy collisions.
The aim will be "to determine any of the causal factors, to determine what's going on -- both immediate contributors to this incident but also any related factors."
The US 7th Fleet said search efforts are being focused on an area east of the Straits of Malacca and Singapore.
Richardson said in a Facebook statement that he has asked Adm. Phil Davidson, commander of US Fleet Forces Command, to take charge of the investigation, which will include a review of "the process by which we train and certify our forces that are forward-deployed in Japan to make sure that we're doing everything we can to make them ready for operations and war fighting."
The probe will also examine operational tempo and "trends in personnel, materiel, maintenance and equipment," he said. "It will also include a review of how we train and certify our surface warfare community, including tactical and navigational proficiency."
Richardson said there is no indication at this time that the incident was caused by cyberintrusion or sabotage, but the review will consider all possibilities.
"We are looking at every possibility so we are not leaving anything to chance there," he said.
Richardson is ordering a one-day pause in operations, allowing fleet leaders and commanders to take measures to "ensure safe and effective operations around the world," he said.
"This is the second collision in three months and is the last in a series of incidents in the Pacific theater. This trend demands more forceful action," Richardson said.
The pause is a one-day safety stand-down that will be done on a rotational basis over the course of a couple of weeks, at the discretion of individual commands, a source told CNN.
"The emphasis of that is really to take a look at the fundamentals, at the unit and team level, to make sure that we are not overlooking anything ... the basic seamanship, airmanship, those sorts of things: teamwork, how we do business on the bridge, the fundamentals," Richardson told reporters on Monday.
"We want to do this pretty briskly. My direction will be about a week we should execute all of this, and then we'll roll those up and capture any lessons learned and roll those back out," he said.
The 7th Fleet said the McCain collided with the merchant vessel Alnic MC while the destroyer was making its way to a port in Singapore. The collision was reported at 5:24 a.m. local time, east of the Malacca Strait, one of the world's most congested shipping routes.
The Navy reported significant hull damage to the McCain, saying there was flooding in berthing compartments as well as machinery and communication rooms.
After the accident, President Donald Trump arrived at the White House on Marine One and told reporters of the collision, "That's too bad." He and Vice President Mike Pence also tweeted that their thoughts and prayers were with the sailors aboard the destroyer.
Sen. John McCain joined them and thanked the rescue crews for their service. The destroyer is named for the senator's father and grandfather, both of whom were Navy admirals. The senator was a captain in the Navy.
Pacific naval impact
The collision comes at a time of high tensions in the Pacific.
The McCain is equipped with the Aegis missile defense system,
which has been touted as a possible counter to any North Korean missile launch.
A US 7th Fleet spokesman said the McCain is one of 14 Aegis-equipped ships the Navy has forward-deployed to Japan and it plans to add another next year. The US Navy has 84 vessels equipped with the Aegis system.
Cmdr. Clay Doss said the United States has a mixture of ships and aircraft available to cover all missions even without the McCain or USS Fitzgerald, the McCain's sister ship that was damaged in a June collision.
The US military and South Korea began 10-day military exercises Monday
, as scheduled. The annual drills antagonize Pyongyang, which issued a statement Sunday that military exercises are "reckless behavior driving the situation into the uncontrollable phase of a nuclear war."
The McCain's last high-profile mission came earlier this month when it performed a freedom-of-navigation exercise near a Chinese-claimed island
in the South China Sea.
Search and rescue
No fuel or oil was seen on the water near the ship after the collision as it steamed under its own power to Changi Naval Base in Singapore, the Navy said.
Malaysian officials said their ships and aircraft had joined the search for the missing sailors.
The search area encompassed 100 nautical square miles, they said, describing sea conditions as rough, with waves up to 1 meter (3.2 feet) high.
In addition to the 10 missing sailors, the Navy said five were injured in the collision. Four of those were flown by a Singapore navy helicopter to a hospital in Singapore, where they were treated for injuries not considered life-threatening, the Navy said.
US helicopters and Marine Corps Osprey aircraft from the amphibious assault ship USS America were joining search-and-rescue efforts along with Singaporean ships and helicopters, the Navy said.
Rocky year for Navy
On June 17, the USS Fitzgerald collided with a container ship
off the coast of Japan. That collision resulted in the deaths of seven US sailors. The Fitzgerald will be transported to the United States for repairs.
On May 9, the guided-missile cruiser USS Lake Champlain
was struck by a small fishing boat off the Korean Peninsula.
And in late January, the guided-missile cruiser USS Antietam ran aground
while trying to anchor in Tokyo Bay. Authorities at Yokosuka Naval Base said the Antietam remains out of action.
Experts: 'Navy is not looking good'
Military experts said the latest incident calls into question the Navy's training and will likely lead to changes in the Navy's leadership.
"I can almost guarantee you that there will be a tumultuous shake-up in the senior leadership of at least the 7th Fleet and maybe the Navy in general," CNN military analyst Rick Francona said.
"The Navy is not looking good about now, especially when we need those ... Aegis-equipped ships for possible ballistic missile defense in a North Korean scenario," he added.
In a report on the Fitzgerald collision released last week, the Navy said it would review its training and qualification procedures.
"The collision was avoidable and both ships demonstrated poor seamanship. Within Fitzgerald, flawed watch stander teamwork and inadequate leadership contributed to the collision," a 7th Fleet statement said.
Oil tanker 'three times bigger'
Carl Schuster, a former director of operations at the US Pacific Command's Joint Intelligence Center, said the oil tanker would have been at least three times bigger than the USS John S. McCain.
"Oil tankers are huge, and it takes miles for them to change course," he said.
"When you're going into a congested channel, you're supposed to be very alert, track ships around you to a very meticulous degree."
The Malacca Strait
, which runs between Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore, is the world's second-busiest waterway, according to the World Economic Forum. The collision took place in waters to the east of the Malacca Strait, US authorities said.
At a press conference, Malaysian authorities said both ships were heading toward Singapore from the South China Sea when the collision occurred. They described the area as very busy, with some 80,000 ships passing through it every year.
Both ships should have reported to what the Malaysian authorities called a maritime "traffic separation scheme," essentially air traffic control for ships.
Francona said no matter what the tanker did, the faster, nimbler US destroyer should have been able to avoid a collision.
"How does a state-of-the-art Navy destroyer -- equipped with multiple radar systems and communications gear with a full bridge watch -- not see, detect and evade a 30,000-ton slow-moving (10 knots) behemoth?" Francona asked.
No injuries on tanker
A US Navy official told CNN the McCain had experienced a loss of steering before the collision, but that steering had been regained.
Merchant marine websites describe the Alnic MC as a 600-foot-long oil tanker flying a Liberian flag.
The Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore said the Alnic sustained damage to a tank at its bow, about 7 meters (23 feet) above the waterline. No one was injured on the tanker, it said, and no oil spill was reported.
The vessel is 505 feet long and displaces about 9,000 tons.