A historic leader from a South Korean political dynasty, Park was forced from office in March amid a massive corruption scandal that engulfed not just her government but major international companies such as Samsung
and Lotte Group.
Now the disgraced former leader will be made to defend allegations of coercion, attempted coercion, receiving and demanding bribes, and leaking confidential information.
The Constitutional Court upheld Park's impeachment by South Korea's National Assembly on March 10, removing the president from office and leaving her open to prosecution.
Judge Kang Bu-young, who issued the warrant for the former leader's arrest, told reporters by text message in late March that "major crimes have been ascertained."
Fall from power
The daughter of controversial former leader Park Chung-hee, the younger Park's election as South Korea's first female president in 2012
was hailed as historic at the time.
Under Park's leadership, South Korea moved even closer to the United States
, including an agreement to deploy the THAAD missile defense system to the Korean peninsula despite China and North Korea's strong objections.
Her rapid fall from power followed reports in late 2016 that her close confidante, Choi Soon-sil, used her position to raise large donations from South Korean companies for foundations Choi had set up.
Three televised apologies by Park couldn't stop the public outrage, which led to enormous protests in the capital Seoul.
Less than three months after the scandal emerged, Park was impeached by a vote of 234 to 56
in the South Korean National Assembly.
New president to be chosen
South Korea is expected to move to the left when the country elects a new president on May 9.
With three weeks to go, Democratic Party candidate Moon Jae-in is leading most major polls.
A left-leaning administration could have major consequences for South Korea's foreign policy
, including restarting negotiations with North Korea.
Moon's party has also been critical of the THAAD agreement and suggested it should be renegotiated, saying Park should have sought the approval of the National Assembly
before deployment began.
Until a new president is chosen, Hwang Kyo-ahn will remain the acting leader of South Korea.
United States Vice President Mike Pence met with Hwang
during his visit to South Korea on Monday, commending him for his "steady hand in this time of transition in South Korea."
"Whatever change happens in your elections the commitment of the United States to South Korea's safety and security will remain unchanged," Pence said at a joint press conference.