School districts from Pennsylvania to California have stepped up efforts to allay fear and uncertainty
in immigrant communities over Trump administration directives that would significantly expand the power
of immigration officers and could set the stage for mass detentions
Following a December resolution affirming its commitment to a "safe and welcoming" teaching environment
for all students, Chicago Public Schools this week sent a memo to principals who "expressed concern and anxiety" about immigration issues and guidance on handling interactions with US Immigration and Customs Enforcement.
"To be very clear, CPS does not provide assistance to US Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) in the enforcement of federal civil immigration law," Tuesday's memo said.
"Therefore, ICE should not be permitted access to CPS facilities or personnel except in the rare instance in which we are provided with a criminal warrant."
Nearly 700 immigrants arrested nationwide
The guidance to principals in the nation's third largest school district came Tuesday, as Department of Homeland Security officials laid out plans
to expand state and local law enforcement's ability to act as immigration officers.
The DHS guidance memos -- which follow the arrests of nearly 700 immigrants nationwide this month -- seek to explain how the agency intends to carry out some of Trump's controversial executive orders. Those orders call for a vast increase in the resources provided to ICE and Customs and Border Protection, the construction of a wall along the southern border and an aggressive stance toward undocumented immigrants.
Chicago Chief Education Officer Janice Jackson's package to principals included multilingual information and palm cards on immigration law and rights for students and their families, as well as guidelines for school personnel.
"While many of our families have serious concerns and anxiety about recent federal actions and statements, we want to make sure that parents know school is a safe place for all students regardless of their race, ethnicity or country of origin," Jackson wrote to principals.
'ICE agents should wait outside'
Jackson noted that attendance in some schools was lower than usual during the last week's "Day Without Immigrants" events. "We firmly believe that the safest and most beneficial place for students is a classroom alongside their fellow students," she wrote.
The guidance urges personnel to call the school system's law department if "ICE agents arrive at a school and present paperwork... ICE agents should wait outside while the school is reviewing the matter with the Law Department."
The document said principals should not share student records with ICE -- "with the rare exception where there is a court order or consent from the parent/guardian."
"If a child is left stranded at your school and you suspect it is because his or her parent is detained, please exhaust the child's emergency contact list," the document said. "Please have a staff member remain with the student until the parent, guardian, or emergency contact can arrive."
Other US schools pledge to protect undocumented students
Other school districts throughout the country have pledged to protect undocumented students and their families in response to Trump's crackdown on illegal immigration.
In Colorado, for instance, Denver Public Schools last week passed a resolution saying in part that the school board's general counsel "will not grant access to our students unless the official presents a valid search warrant issued by a federal or state judge or magistrate."
"The resolution stresses Denver Public Schools will do everything in our lawful power to protect our students' confidential information and ensure that our students' learning environments are not disrupted by immigration enforcement activity," Superintendent Tom Boasberg wrote on the school system's website.
"I want to highlight that we have not had nor do we have any information that leads us to believe there will be immigration actions at our schools. Federal guidelines continue to provide that schools are sensitive places where immigration enforcement should not take place, and we will continue to advocate for those guidelines to remain in place. We do not want to create any additional fear or panic in our communities."
In Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, school officials last month passed a resolution requiring that all ICE requests "must be processed through the Law Department and the Office of the Superintendent," according public schools spokeswoman Ebony Pugh. "Schools will not permit ICE officials to access any students, without having contacted the Law Department with all relevant documentation."
In 2014, about 725,000 students enrolled in grades K-12 in the US -- 1.3% of all students enrolled -- were unauthorized immigrants, according to Pew Research Center estimates
based on government data. About 3.9 million were children of unauthorized immigrants.