These are the new symbols of hate
Updated 2:57 PM ET, Wed February 22, 2017
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(CNN)The swastikas. The bolts. The bastardized crosses. While polite society may want to believe these well-trodden images are anachronisms, the truth is these brands of hate are surprisingly enduring. And, like any other brand, they are also subject to evolution and changing tastes.
The new swastika
The old favorites, reimagined
1. They want to openly proclaim their affiliation to the cause
2. They want to use the symbols to strike fear into the hearts of their enemies, or as an agent of intimidation.
3. They may use them internally, as codes and images that will have significance only to each others.
The violent consequences
- In 2004, Sean Michael Gillespie was arrested for trying to firebomb an Oklahoma synagogue. It was reported he wanted to commit 14 terrorist acts -- like the symbolic number 14. He also had internet handles featuring the number 88.
- In 2008, two men were accused of plotting to assassinate President Barack Obama. It was discovered they were planning on killing 88 black people, including schoolchildren. Of the victims, they wanted to behead 14.
- In 2015, Dylann Roof took 88 bullets with him into the Charleston, South Carolina, church where he killed nine people in 2015. "He was certainly familiar with the concept of 88," Pitcavage says.