- The violence in Rakhine state started Friday with attacks on three border posts
- The state is home to many Rohingyas, a persecuted minority in Myanmar
(CNN)The United Nations has called for "maximum restraint" after a spate of violent attacks in Myanmar's restive Rakhine State.
- The Rohingya are a stateless Muslim minority in Myanmar's Rakhine state thought to number between 800,000 and one million.
- Myanmar does not recognize them as citizens or one of the 135 recognized ethnic groups living in the country.
- Much of this is rooted in their heritage in East Bengal, now called Bangladesh.
- Though many Rohingya have only known life in Myanmar, they are widely viewed as intruders from across the border.
- According to Human Rights Watch, laws discriminate against the Rohingya, infringing on their freedom of movement, education, and employment.
- They are denied land and property rights and ownership, and land on which they live can be taken away at any given time.