Pictured Marcus Garvey. To facilitate a return to Africa for African Americans, Garvey founded the Black Star Line. In 1922, he was arrested for mail fraud in connection with the Star Line's sale of stock. The prosecution was thought to have been racially motivated and Garvey was sent to prison and later deported to Jamaica - his country of birth. In 1935 he moved to London where he died on 10 June 1940. His body was returned to Jamaica.
Pictured Nelson Mandela by Fred Martins. Artist Fred Martins has used the image of the Afro comb to celebrate key African and African-American activists who were jailed fighting for freedom and equality. With a 6,000 year history - the ubiquitous Afro comb - has had global cultural influence. Afro combs date back to ancient Egypt, where a 5,500 year old Ivory Afro comb was excavated from a grave at a cemetery in Abydos, Egypt. Others have been found in the ancient cities of Kemet and Nubt (Naqada), Egypt.
Pictured Patrice Lumumba. Congo's first democratically elected Prime Minister - Lumumba demanded that Congo should control its own exclusive mineral wealth. Just six months in post - Congolese rivals reportedly supported by Brussels and Washington - placed him under house arrest. Undercover of darkness, he was eventually taken to a forest and shot.
Pictured Martin Luther King Jr. King was arrested on February 24, 1956 for directing a citywide boycott of segregated buses. In 1963, he was again arrested and jailed protesting the treatment of black people in Birmingham, Alabama. He went onto deliver his famous "I have a dream speech" to more than 250,000 people on August 28, 1963.
Pictured Fela Kuti. Arrested 200 times by different regimes - Fela Kuti was jailed during current president Muhammadu Buhari's initial term as Head of State in 1983. The Nigerian Afrobeat pioneer was sentenced to five year's imprisonment by a military tribunal. He was found guilty of illegally attempting to export £1,000 in foreign currency at a Lagos airport in what he described as "trumped up charges" that were politically motivated. Brigadier Tunde Idiagbon, Nigeria chief of staff at the time, reportedly said the government would ensure Fela was in prison for a long time, concluding "and I hope he will rot in Jail" according to Amnesty International.
Pictured Ruby Dee. The U.S. actress and late husband Ossie Davis were arrested in 1999 while protesting outside New York City police headquarters against the police shooting of Amadou Diallo, an unarmed African immigrant. Dee and Davis were important figures in the civil rights movement and counted Martin Luther Kind Jr. and Malcom X as friends. She died aged 91 in June 2014.