Two boys attend class at a military-style boot camp in Jinan, China. Photographer Lorenzo Maccotta spent about a week at the treatment center, one of hundreds for young people who are addicted to technology -- mostly online gaming.
A 15-year-old boy at the center received these letters and pictures from relatives.
"Internees," as Maccotta calls them, clean their dishes after lunchtime. At the center, they were subjected to "discipline and repetition," which the center's leaders said would cure their addiction. They might stay for a few weeks or many months, Maccotta said.
A 15-year-old has scars on his arm from self-inflicted cigarette burns, Maccotta said.
The boy on the left had been living at the boot camp in Jinan for four months when Maccotta visited in October.
"Their personalities are annihilated," Maccotta said. They stay "behind a formal posture of silence and obedience. They don't show any sadness, but I'm sure they miss families and friends."
A 14-year-old internee spends time in the kitchen. He had been living at the center for two months.
A dormitory at the center in Jinan.
This 12-year-old boy had been in the center for four months.
Officials who lead the center believe its methods -- intense physical training, no use of computers -- "cures" most addictions, Maccotta said.
Those at the center were as young as 8 and as old as 30, Maccotta said. Here, they attend a class in Confucian ethics.
This 14-year-old girl had spent a week in the camp when she was photographed by Maccotta.
Most of the children had been forced to enter the treatment center -- sometimes kicking and screaming -- by family members concerned about their physical and mental health, Maccotta said.
A boy stands near teacher Zhang Dan Dan during training at the Yellow River.