- More than 500 criminal charges are filed after reports of sexual abuse, thefts in Cologne on New year's Eve
- Joyce Marie Mushaben: West has turned blind eye to poor treatment of women in trading partners
Joyce Marie Mushaben is Curators' Professor of Comparative Politics at the University of Missouri-St. Louis. The views expressed are her own.
(CNN)When the Arab Spring erupted in 2011, Western states optimistically assumed that protests against authoritarian regimes across Northern Africa would result in a democratic "fourth wave." But few could have expected the chain of events that would lead to over 2 million refugees crossing the Mediterranean in open boats, seeking safe haven from their own failed states -- or a series of New Year's flashpoints that intensified a national debate that even drew the attention of a U.S. presidential candidate.