Back then, and now -- just who is David Bowie?

Story highlights

  • For more than four decades he has represented restless change, social rebellion and artistic innovation
  • Few figures have been able to straddle the art/popular culture nexus as well as David Bowie
  • His life has been showcased to more than 1 million people in the David Bowie Is global exhibition tour

Sean Redmond is the Associate Professor of Media and Communication and Toija Cinque is a Senior Lecturer in Media Studies, both at Deakin University in Victoria, Australia.

(CNN)Rebel Rebel, you've torn your dress
Rebel Rebel, your face is a mess
Rebel Rebel, how could they know?

Hot tramp, I love you so!

Our lives are often shaped and made meaningful by the stars and celebrities who enter them. Our bedrooms can become shrines of longing, identification and desire, and the friends we make and the lovers we take can gravitate around the famous figure we together so admire.
For the writers of this piece, David Bowie is one such star-man: his music, lyrics, writings and performances are felt to wrap themselves around their youth, their rebellion, their hurt, and their love.
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    When Bowie sang of aliens, cross-dressed, or emptied himself of color and light, he demonstrated the power that music, fashion and performance can have in creating the landscape of endless possibility for those who danced in his long if glittering shadow.
    That Bowie has influenced many lives is undeniable. For more than four decades he has represented restless change, social rebellion and artistic innovation.
    Ziggy partied and died too young. Aladdin Sane swam in his own melancholia and depression. The beautifully suited Thin White Duke overdosed on coke and power. And one-eyed Halloween Jack became a fairground wild animal of unlimited potentiality.
    In each image, one witnesses the crystalisation of difference, of alienation and marginalization, and yet within each strutting incarnation is also an open, carnal defiance of artistic and social norms.
    Few figures have been able to straddle the art/popular culture nexus as well as David Bowie.
    Few figures have demonstrated so exactly the art of rebellion.
    In the terrible shocks and jolts that emerge from having to grow up into a banal and conforming world, Bowie gave each of the writers the means to exist freely, openly, and with an unearthly politics that allowed them to challenge gender and sexual norms.
    3rd July 1973: David Bowie performs his final concert as Ziggy Stardust at the Hammersmith Odeon, London. The concert later became known as the Retirement Gig.

    Exhibiting the exhibitionist

    The question is often asked -- just who is Bowie? The answer is never a simple one: his polysemy and contradictory and challenging masks render him a figure of diversity and confusion -- which is of course part of his attraction -- and mean he simply cannot be defined. He exists in a carnival of exhibitionism, something that continues to this day.
    His cultural and artistic currency is presently at an all time high with his first album in almost a decade. The Next Day (2013) reviewed as one of the greatest rock comebacks ever; the release of a series of portentous music videos that recall and reflect upon his artistic career; the recently released, Sue (Or In A Season Of Crime) from his compilation album spanning 50 years of recorded work on Nothing Has Changed (2014), and the record-breaking David Bowie Is global exhibition tour, which moved on from Melbourne's Australian Center for the Moving Image (ACMI), to the Groninger Museum in the Dutch city of Groningen in December.
    Now seen by more than 1 million people worldwide, the exhibition includes more than 50 legendary costumes, original stage set designs, handwritten lyric sheets, album artwork, rare film, video and photographs, and interviews with collaborators. The David Bowie Is program of events incorporates film, live talks, music, live performances and other creative works.
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    Nested within this cornucopia of exhibition delights in Melbourne was a two-day multidiscipline symposium, The Stardom and Celebrity of David Bowie.
    The symposium -- at which both writers of this piece participated -- explored an array of topics including Bowie's most interesting artistic collaborations; his performative history in mime, theater and film; the poetic sensibility of his cut and mix lyrics; and fashion and artistic trends and their influences on his own unmasked "transgressions" of sexuality, race and class.
    In addition, a number of creative artists responded to Bowie's work through their own practice. Installation artist Jamie O'Connell would calibrate a photocopier so that it counted the number of times a piece of Bowie memorabilia was auctioned and bought in the world. In this piece, Bowie became the star who is sold to the world.
    It is easy to be mesmerized by Bowie's powerful visuality in a media saturated world where the role of the ocular is increasingly essential to thinking across a range of motifs. We sometimes see too much but are asked to feel too little. Bowie, by contrast, turns seeing upside down, and wraps the strings of feeling around his envisioned worlds and characters.
    A fascinating artist, Tanja Stark, drew on visual expression to present her creative work that places strong emphasis on Bowie's visionary opus. Visitors were offered a walk-through sonic and visual labyrinth as a means to explore the archetypal theme of the profound personal and sometimes mysterious journey. Stark's work acts to reflect the impressions left by Bowie's presentation of the scintilla sublime or those mesmerizing moments which make one swoon.
    By way of concentrating research debate and critical analysis around Bowie's music, art and video work, the symposium offered a full circumnavigation of the significant implications of his incredible oeuvre, and deals with notions of "stardom" more broadly.
    So, who is David Bowie?
    I'm not a prophet
    or a Stone Age man
    Just a mortal
    with the potential of a superman
    I'm living on