- COP21: The 21st Conference of Parties may result in new international agreements and goals aimed at cutting greenhouse gases.
- CNN cheat sheet deciphers confusing acronyms linked to COP21
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(CNN)Bureaucracies. They can be weird, right?
Alliances of nations:
- G77: The Group of 77 and China also includes Chile, India, Mexico, Saudi Arabia, South Korea and 72 others
- CD: Cartagena Dialogue is an informal alliance of about 40 countries.
- AOSIS: Alliance of Small Island States are 44 island and low-lying coastal countries
- AILAC: Association of Independent Latin American and Caribbean States
- MLDC: Mountainous Landlocked Developing Countries includes Armenia, Afghanistan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan
- LMDC: Like-Minded Developing Countries is a new group that represents 50% of the world's population and includes India, Iran, Saudi Arabia and Venezuela.
- BASIC: Brazil, South Africa, India, China
- LAS: League of Arab States: 21 Arab nations in northern and northeastern Africa and southwest Asia
- CVF: Climate Vulnerable Forum is made up of 20 nations which describe themselves as "highly vulnerable to a warming planet."
- LDC: 48 countries designated by the United Nations as least-developed
- EIG: The Environmental Integrity Group includes Mexico, Liechtenstein, Monaco, South Korea and Switzerland.
- ALBA: Antigua, Barbuda, Bolivia, Cuba, Dominica, Ecuador, Grenada, Nicaragua, Saint Kitts, Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and Venezuela
- UMBRELLA group: Informal alliance of non-European Union-developed nations including Australia, Canada, Japan, Kazakhstan, New Zealand, Norway, Russia, Ukraine and the United States
- AGN: African Group of Negotiators is made up of African members of the United Nations.
- ASEAN: Association of Southeast Asian Nations consists of 10 member states
- BRICS: Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa
- CACAM Group: Central Asia, Caucasus, Albania and Moldova
- UNFCCC: United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, a global climate treaty agreed on in 1992. COP21 comes 21 years after the birth of UNFCCC.
- GHG: Greenhouse gases are gases blamed for climate change because they trap heat in the Earth's atmosphere. Examples include carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide and fluorinated gases.
- AR5: The Fifth Assessment Report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, which details the effects of climate change, both currently and in the future
- CDM: The Clean Development Mechanism allows emission reduction projects in developing countries earn certified emission reduction (CER) credits which can be traded and sold, and used by industrialized countries to a meet part of their emission reduction targets under the Kyoto Protocol. The Kyoto Protocol is a 1997 global climate treaty that extended a previous treaty from 1992.
Panels and groups:
- CSD: The Commission on Sustainable Development is tasked with following up on agreements at the 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED), aka the Earth Summit.
- SBI: The Subsidiary Body for Implementation assesses and reviews effective implementation of the Convention of Parties and its Kyoto Protocol.
- SBSTA: Subsidiery Body for Scientific and Technological Advice provides the IPCC with timely scientific and technological information
- ADP: Ad Hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action is a U.N. body tasked with developing a new climate agreement that would be approved in 2015 and go into effect in 2020.
- COP: The Conference of the Parties is the supreme body of the COP21 convention.
- CMA: The Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the [Paris] Agreement
- COP/MOP: The Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol reviews the implementation of the Kyoto Protocol and takes decisions to promote its effective implementation.
- REDD: The Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation program is a U.N. collaborative initiative aimed at mitigating global greenhouse gas emissions in developing nations through forest management.
- SRM: Solar radiation management is a geoengineering concept aimed at using solar dynamics to manipulate the amount of solar heat on Earth by reflecting it away from the planet.
- CDR: Carbon dioxide removal is another geoengineering idea which aims to develop ways to scrub C02 from the air and store it safely at the bottom of the ocean or deep underground.
- AIJ: Activities Implemented Jointly is a volunteer initiative that allows some countries to implement emissions reduction programs in other countries.