Washington D.C. (CNN)In a 5-4 decision the Supreme Court ruled Wednesday private citizens can contribute to as many candidates as they'd like during a single election cycle. Contributions to a single candidate are still limited to $5,200.
Are political donations a form of free speech?
Published April 2, 2014
In McCutcheon vs. the Federal Election Commission (FEC), the high court ruled in favor of Shaun McCutcheon, a conservative businessman from Alabama.
In a phone interview McCutcheon tells State of the Union "I'm very excited that our First Amendment freedom is being upheld in the Supreme Court... The Constitution guarantees the very important First Amendment right to be able to promote political ideas and change."
The Republican National Committee agrees with McCutcheon.
In a statement, Chairman Reince Priebus applauds the decision and the RNC's role in supporting McCutcheon:
"I am proud that the RNC led the way in bringing this case and pleased that the Court agreed that limits on how many candidates or committees a person may support unconstitutionally burden core First Amendment political activities. When free speech is allowed to flourish, our democracy is stronger."
The FEC, however, is expressing fears that unlimited contributions would lead to corruption.
In a statement, the FEC says "The Commission is considering the impact of the opinion on its existing regulations."
According to attorney Emily Tisch Sussman, Campaigns Director for Center for American Progress Action Fund, the ruling is problematic because candidates will be less concerned with serving the public and more focused on courting a select few wealthy citizens who could fund their campaigns.
Sussamn says, "The ruling for Mr. McCutcheon is unfortunate for the American public. He argued that his First Amendment free speech was limited due to the aggregate limits on campaign contributions, when in fact, by striking down the limit, he has making his voice so much louder than the average American.".
Sussman argues that "We the People" is really applicable to "we the wealthiest."
"We are talking about people who can afford to give more than $123,200 per year on federal elections alone."
According to an assessment by the non-partisan Sunlight Foundation, in the 2012 election, 28 percent of all disclosed political contributions were donated by 31,385 people or in other words, the "1% of the 1%." The Sunlight Foundation also determined that most large contributions support Republican campaigns.
McCutcheon tells State of the Union that "There are just as many wealthy Democrats as Republicans and the private citizen should be able to spend as much money as they want to on elections."