Skip to main content

Kim Dotcom: Freedom campaigner in more ways than one

updated 10:48 PM EDT, Thu September 11, 2014
Kim Dotcom talks to media after casting his advance vote in the 2014 general NZ election in Auckland on September 3.
Kim Dotcom talks to media after casting his advance vote in the 2014 general NZ election in Auckland on September 3.
  • Entrepreneur wanted on U.S. copyright charges emerges as political player in New Zealand
  • Kim Dotcom is accused of making millions by encouraging users to upload copyrighted material
  • Charges relate to the Megaupload site, among others, according to a 2012 indictment
  • He lives in Auckland, and formed a political party to campaign for Internet freedom

(CNN) -- Everything Kim Dotcom does is mega.

He's a mountain of a man with an imposing multi-million dollar fortune, amassed through a series of Internet ventures, which is now being spent on ambitious bid to unseat the current New Zealand prime minister.

Dotcom's story starts in 1974, when he was born Kim Schmitz in Germany. He first attracted the attention of authorities in his early 20s when he was convicted of a number of offenses, including computer fraud. He's now wanted by the U.S. for alleged copyright infringement on a grand scale.

According to indictment filed in 2012, Dotcom -- who legally changed his name -- and six associates are accused of being members of "a worldwide criminal enterprise" dubbed the "Mega Conspiracy."

OPINION: Dotcom: Why New Zealand is a slave to U.S. interests

Megaupload founder's lavish lifestyle
Feds shut down Megaupload website
Hackers attack after Megaupload arrests

The allegations

Through a number of websites, including cloud storage company Megaupload, they're accused of reproducing and distributing copies of copyright works including "motion pictures, television programs, musical recordings, electronic books, images, video games, and other computer software."

The enterprise is estimated to have made $175 million, and deprived copyright owners, including Hollywood production houses, of more than $500 million in revenue, according to the U.S. Department of Justice.

Dotcom maintains Megaupload was merely a file storage site, and the company should not be held responsible for the content users were uploading.

"I should never have been charged criminally for a civil case. The charges are outrageous and wrong. The case against me is a contract prosecution for Hollywood," he told CNN.

'Hollywood' raid

In January 2012, New Zealand police, acting in conjunction with the FBI and U.S. Department of Justice, launched a Hollywood-worthy raid on the sprawling property Dotcom was leasing in Auckland, New Zealand.

According to a New Zealand police statement, officers swooped on "Dotcom Mansion" in two marked helicopters, and had to cut their way into a safe room where the multi-millionaire had taken refuge -- a version of events that was later contested in court.

Dotcom has called the raid "needlessly theatrical" and a further attempt by U.S. authorities to smear his image.

He and three associates were arrested and are all still fighting efforts to return them to the U.S. The next hearing is scheduled for early 2015.

READ MORE: New Zealand's dirty election

Lavish lifestyle

During the raid, officers seized 18 luxury vehicles, including "several top end Mercedes, a Rolls Royce Phantom Drophead Coupe and a 1959 pink Cadillac," the police statement said, adding to the image cultivated by Dotcom of being a big-spending lover of luxury.

The estate he was leasing and later bought -- one of the most expensive in New Zealand -- is a monument to wealth. According to a journalist who visited the property in 2012, it was a "$24 million suburban castle with ponds, a tennis court, several pools, a Vegas-style stairstep fountain, and a hedgerow labyrinth."

On his Twitter profile, Dotcom describes himself as an "entrepreneur, innovator, gamer, artist, fighter, father of five."

Mona Dotcom appears at Auckland High court on May 21, 2014.  Mona Dotcom appears at Auckland High court on May 21, 2014.
Mona Dotcom appears at Auckland High court on May 21, 2014.Mona Dotcom appears at Auckland High court on May 21, 2014.

This year he separated from his wife of five years, Mona Dotcom, who was recently photographed in an Auckland nightclub with Prime Minister John Key's 19-year-old son, Max. She told the New Zealand Herald that the teenager happened to be at the same club. "I didn't know him and had never met him before. He's kind, and we had a fun night together," she said.

On Wednesday, Dotcom tweeted to his 366,000 followers: "Mona Dotcom parties with John Key's son. Can my life get more bizarre? Where's the guy who says "You've been punk'd?"


The 2012 raid on Dotcom's property set off a wave of legal proceedings, pitting the entrepreneur against New Zealand authorities, who had responded to a U.S. call for help to find the alleged fugitive.

At issue was the legality of police search warrants and the FBI's seizure of electronic information. This year, a New Zealand appeals court ruled the raid was legal, however the seizure of electronic data was not.

Months after the raid, an investigation by the Inspector-General of Intelligence found that the nation's spy agency -- the Government Communications Security Bureau (GCSB) -- had conducted illegal surveillance on Dotcom before officers moved in.

At the time of the raid, the GCSB only had jurisdiction over foreign nationals; Dotcom was granted residency in 2010 and should have been protected, the prime minister said in a public apology.

"I apologise to Mr Dotcom, I apologise to New Zealanders because every New Zealander that sits within the category of having permanent residency or is a New Zealand citizen is entitled to be protected from the law when it comes to the GCSB, and we failed to provide that appropriate protection for him," Key said.

Every New Zealander that sits within the category of having permanent residency or is a New Zealand citizen is entitled to be protected from the law when it comes to the GCSB.
John Key, NZ prime minister

The law has since been changed to make such surveillance legal, a development which has, in part, prompted Dotcom to join the political realm.

The Internet Party

Earlier this year, Dotcom launched his own political party, the Internet Party, which aims to "modernize New Zealand, give the Internet generation a voice in politics, become a leader in the Internet economy and fight for Internet Freedom," he said.

It's teamed up with Maori nationalist campaigners, the Mana Party, to contest the national election on September 20.

Because he's not a citizen, Dotcom can't stand as a candidate but he's put his financial clout -- some $4.5 million -- behind what some see as an unlikely coalition in attempt to chip away at Key's political power.

In an opinion piece for, Dotcom said under Key's leadership, the country had "quietly morphed into the political equivalent of an American slave, responding more readily to the interests that motivate the United States than to the concerns of Kiwis."

On Monday -- five days before the vote -- Dotcom has promised to reveal potentially damaging information on Key and the country's role in international surveillance.

However, he said he's not confident the revelations will dent Key's popularity.

For his part, Key has said he's "not losing any sleep" over potential revelations from his new political rival.

New Zealand can decide for itself on Monday, when Dotcom is scheduled to address the media.

Whatever the reaction, it is clear Dotcom intends to remain a thorn in the side of the New Zealand government for some time to come.

READ MORE: 'House of Cards' in the South Pacific

Part of complete coverage on
updated 11:28 AM EST, Tue December 30, 2014
With the discovery of debris from the AirAsia plane, investigators move closer to discovering what happened. What are the key questions, and what comes next?
updated 11:40 AM EST, Tue December 30, 2014
The growth of AirAsia has been a regional aviation success story. The reason behind the loss of Flight QZ 8501 will be key to whether passengers start to shun it, says Alan Khee-Jin Tan.
updated 5:45 AM EST, Fri February 7, 2014
They say there are no stupid questions -- but are there? How about, "Do you speak African?"
updated 9:39 AM EST, Wed December 31, 2014
The year of outrage also applies to China's Internet users in 2014.
updated 8:21 AM EDT, Sat August 16, 2014
One man swims among sharks without the protection of a cage to make studio-quality, intimate photos of the sea creatures.
updated 6:50 AM EST, Tue December 30, 2014
Using a technology that has been around for 130 years, a company called Pavegen hopes to create electricity from everyday human activities.
updated 12:06 PM EST, Tue December 23, 2014
Tim Berners-Lee, the man credited with inventing the world wide web, gives a speech on April 18, 2012 in Lyon, central France, during the World Wide Web 2012 international conference on April 18, 2012 in Lyon.
What's next for the Internet? Acclaimed scientist and fatherof the World Wide Web Sir Tim Berners-Lee shares his insights.
updated 7:45 AM EST, Tue December 30, 2014
Gone are the days of grainy phone images with the resolution of a poor imitation Monet.
updated 4:00 PM EST, Mon December 22, 2014
A chilling video shows Boko Haram executing dozens of non-Muslims.
updated 12:45 PM EST, Mon December 29, 2014
"The year in pictures" treks across the globe, looking back on the events that shaped 2014.
updated 11:07 AM EST, Mon December 29, 2014
Each day, CNN brings you an image capturing a moment to remember, defining the present in our changing world.
Browse through images from CNN teams around the world that you don't always see on news reports.