Skip to main content

The Obama Doctrine: Inarticulate or disengaged?

By Jim Acosta, CNN Senior White House Correspondent
updated 8:31 PM EDT, Wed August 13, 2014
  • Hillary Clinton called Obama's guiding foreign policy principle too simplistic
  • Obama didn't take the former secretary of state's criticism personally, an adviser says
  • Those within his inner circle admit the President has had problems articulating his policy

Edgartown, Massachusetts (CNN) -- It sounds like advice offered by parents to teenagers on prom night: Don't do stupid stuff. But it also is an important guiding foreign policy principle of the President of the United States.

Ever since the President uttered the phrase during an off-the-record discussion with reporters earlier this year -- the actual words were a bit saltier and later confirmed privately by administration officials -- foreign policy critics have seized on "DDSS" as a crystallization of the Obama Doctrine.

Former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton is only the latest critic of the "DDSS" comment, describing the remark in an interview with The Atlantic magazine as too simplistic.

"Great nations need organizing principles, and 'Don't do stupid stuff' is not an organizing principle," she said.

U.S. to expand military role in Iraq
Obama slams criticism on Syria policy
Clinton tries to mend ties with Obama

Clinton called Obama on Tuesday, to "make sure he knows that nothing she said was an attempt to attack him," her spokesman Nick Merrill said in a statement. The two will meet at a party hosted by Democratic Party adviser Vernon Jordan on Martha's Vineyard on Wednesday evening, after she holds a book signing on the island.

In an interview with CNN, Deputy National Security Adviser Ben Rhodes insisted that "DDSS" is not the "entire foreign policy" of the Obama administration. But he maintained the expression has substance.

"It means think carefully before you get into military interventions," he said. "I think that's a lesson of the last 10 years that the American people have internalized -- that we have to be very careful when it comes to the application of military force, that we're not putting U.S. troops in harm's way without a clear plan and limited objectives for that effort."

Opinion: Hillary Clinton pummels Obama's foreign policy

Rhodes said the President did not take the criticism from Clinton personally.

"I think their relationship is very resilient. They've been through so much together," he said.

What hand will al-Maliki play in Iraq

Shaped by more than a decade of war

Clinton's apparent support for a more hawkish U.S. posture comes as Obama's foreign policy has absorbed withering criticism in recent weeks. But her potentially more interventionist approach carries its own set of risks, diplomatic and political analysts caution.

" 'Don't do stupid stuff' ought to be emblazoned on the foreheads of all future presidents and secretaries of state," said Aaron David Miller, a former State Department adviser during both Democratic and Republican administrations.

Miller said "DDSS" is less a doctrine than it is a presidential mission statement that is shaped by more than a decade of war.

"Stripped to its essence, after protecting the homeland, it should be U.S. foreign policy's second commandment," he added.

Expert: More advisers won't beat ISIS
Hillary slams Obama's foreign policy
Hillary Clinton swings at Obama

"I view that as a political summary ... much like 'It's the economy, stupid,' " Rep. Adam Schiff, D-California, said, comparing "DDSS" to the middle-class battle cry coined by Bill Clinton strategist James Carville during the 1992 presidential election.

Schiff said the former secretary of state's comments do not reflect a political break from the President, arguing the perception of a conflict just makes "good copy."

Opinion: Clinton, Obama both wrong

The President's strategy on crises ranging from Syria to Iraq and Ukraine offers a sharp contrast to Republicans who "act first and think last," Schiff said.

"The risks of becoming fully entangled in Iraq are tremendous," he added.

The President's cautious approach is nothing new. A line can be traced from "DDSS" to the anti-Iraq war speech he delivered as an Illinois state senator in 2002.

"What I am opposed to is a dumb war. What I am opposed to is a rash war," Obama said at the time.

Scars from 2008 primary still remain

It was that 2002 speech that endeared Obama to the liberal base of the Democratic Party, in part because of then-Sen. Clinton's support for the Iraq war.

The policy battle over Iraq that later erupted between Obama and Clinton in their fight for the party's nomination ultimately resulted in a Democrat returning to the White House. But the divide left deep scars between the two camps that were still healing even as Clinton unleashed her critique of Obama's worldview.

That difficult history is why Clinton's comments to The Atlantic's Jeffrey Goldberg came as a shock to one senior Democratic strategist, who spoke on condition of anonymity.

Specifically disturbing, the strategist said, was the former secretary of state's insistence that Obama's lack of support for the Syrian opposition gave rise to the ISIS militants in Iraq.

"Why you'd want to do that, I have no idea," the prominent, non-Obama affiliated strategist said of Clinton's plea for more direct U.S. involvement in Syria.

Obama: New government must unite Iraq
Clinton breaks with Obama policy
McCain: Not just against Obama

Citing the nation's reluctance to plunge back into Middle East conflicts, the strategist added, "Politically, Obama's right."

In a flashback to '08, Obamaworld lunged to the President's defense Tuesday, in a tweet that appeared to tweak Clinton.

"Just to clarify: 'Don't do stupid stuff' means stuff like occupying Iraq in the first place, which was a tragically bad decision," former Obama adviser David Axelrod tweeted.

Better job communicating its strategy

Still, even the President's own advisers acknowledge that Obama has had a difficult time clearly articulating his foreign policy doctrine.

During his overseas trip to Asia this year, Obama used a baseball metaphor to explain his reluctance to intervene militarily against a variety of threats, including Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, who crossed a "red line" set by the President barring chemical weapon use.

That caution "avoids errors," Obama said. "You hit singles, you hit doubles; every once in a while, we may be able to hit a home run."

After much of Washington pounced on the sports analogy, White House aides began plotting out a more thoughtful speech on American leadership that would be delivered at West Point.

Before that address, Rhodes conceded to The New York Times that the administration could do a better job of communicating its strategy.

"People are seeing the trees, but we're not necessarily laying out the forest," Rhodes said.

Obama told the cadets at West Point the U.S. should be willing to intervene, but not overreach, acting alone only when necessary.

"Just because we have the best hammer does not mean that every problem is a nail," Obama said, opting to switch metaphors.

The apparent struggle to neatly encapsulate the President's strategy is not lost on his critics.

"I do think the administration is showing some signs of a little bit of fatigue," Brookings Institution analyst Michael O'Hanlon said in a recent interview with CNN.

"It's time for a little more ambition frankly because the world senses that this President is too disengaged," O'Hanlon added.

A now more ambitious Obama is engaged in Iraq, risking what his aides have long described as his post-Bush legacy of "ending wars, not starting them."

As past presidents have learned in Iraq, it is "easy to get in, hell to get out," Schiff said.

Part of complete coverage on
Get all the latest news and updates on Iraq in Arabic by visiting CNN Arabic.
updated 11:50 PM EDT, Wed August 20, 2014
The beheading of American journalist James Foley by ISIS militants brings into focus once again the risks faced by reporters in modern conflicts.
updated 1:20 PM EDT, Thu August 21, 2014
When war reporter James Foley wasn't writing for GlobalPost or recording video for AFP, he occasionally shared stories on his own blog, aptly titled "A World of Troubles."
updated 11:17 AM EDT, Wed August 20, 2014
A video released by ISIS shows the beheading of U.S. journalist James Foley and threatens the life of another American if President Obama doesn't end military operations in Iraq.
updated 5:34 PM EDT, Fri August 15, 2014
"May God help you," the speaker of Iraq's parliament told Haider al-Abadi the day he was nominated prime minister.
updated 10:19 PM EDT, Thu August 14, 2014
The answers to this question lie in some clear differences in the two conflicts.
updated 6:27 PM EDT, Thu August 14, 2014
Framing the intervention in religious terms bolsters theories of U.S. bias, says Fahad Nazer.
updated 9:14 AM EDT, Mon August 18, 2014
They are the faces of an entire community on the run.
updated 4:54 AM EDT, Sun August 17, 2014
In an exodus of almost biblical proportions, thousands trudge across a river to escape killers belonging to the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria, or ISIS.
updated 9:13 AM EDT, Wed August 20, 2014
Theirs were the faces that stood out in the chaotic helicopter evacuation off the Sinjar Mountains.
updated 8:13 PM EDT, Wed August 13, 2014
Browse through photos of thousands of refugees trudging across a river to escape ISIS.
updated 11:41 AM EDT, Sat August 16, 2014
The face of 15-year-old Aziza -- rescued from Mount Sinjar in Iraq -- says it all.
updated 2:50 PM EDT, Mon August 11, 2014
CNN's Ivan Watson flies along with the Iraqi military as they drop emergency supplies.
Why do the militant Islamists have the Yazidis in their cross hairs?
updated 1:50 PM EST, Fri December 19, 2014
Images illustrate the ongoing violence in Iraq.
updated 12:08 PM EDT, Wed August 13, 2014
The message from a growing number of actors inside and outside Iraq is the same: Maliki must go if the country is to be saved.
updated 11:23 AM EDT, Mon August 11, 2014
ISIS gives young men "cars to drive, guns, cell phones and cash money."
updated 6:15 AM EDT, Sat August 16, 2014
Which is worse: Running desperately for your life, or seeing others' lives end without enough to eat or drink?
updated 1:01 PM EDT, Tue August 12, 2014
The Sinjar Mountains have always been a special place of refuge for the Yazidis.
updated 3:10 PM EDT, Sat August 9, 2014
Will the U.S. air strikes increase the terrorist threat in the U.S. and Europe?
updated 10:51 PM EDT, Fri August 8, 2014
Which religious and ethnic groups are under threat from ISIS militants?
ISIS has spread from Syria into Iraq. Learn where the militant strongholds are.
updated 9:56 PM EDT, Tue July 8, 2014
'Why do these people kill other people?" For Iraq's youngest residents, the tragedy is almost incomprehensible.
Even those who aren't in the line of fire feel the effects of the chaos that has engulfed Iraq since extremists attacked.