- The land grant that first protected Yosemite turns 150 this year
- Federal government moved to save Yosemite Valley and Mariposa Grove
- Yosemite now hosts nearly 4 million visitors annually
It was during the throes of the Civil War, with lots of bloody and brutal fighting still ahead, when President Abraham Lincoln turned his attention to the Mariposa Grove and the Yosemite Valley areas of California.
Lincoln's signature on the Yosemite Land Grant bill on June 30, 1864, set a precedent for the preservation of the young country's wilderness. That act 150 years ago was the first instance of the U.S. government setting aside scenic wilderness for public use and preservation.
The act put both tracts of land in trust for the state of California, and it set the stage for the 1872 establishment of Yellowstone National Park in Wyoming, Montana and Idaho as the first national park.
Calling it a "remarkable message of hope for a nation embroiled in a bloody civil war," National Park Service director Joseph Jarvis suggested Lincoln's actions may have been "assuring the nation of better times ahead, as if he knew that Americans would need places where they could go and find peace in the perfection of the natural world."
The land around the grove and the valley became Yosemite National Park in 1890. Both pieces of land were re-acquired by the federal government and combined with the national park in 1906, which created the park much as we know it today.
Yosemite now hosts 3.7 million visitors annually, and the numbers are expected to swell for anniversary events through October. But the glorious groves of ancient sequoias, spectacular waterfalls and 750 miles of trails that are now Yosemite National Park's 1,200 square miles are a joy for travelers to visit any time of year.
Click through the gallery for a visual history of Yosemite.
Do you have fond memories of Yosemite National Park? Please share your thoughts in the comments section below.