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America's most endangered historic places

By Caitlin Schmidt, Special to CNN
updated 3:39 PM EDT, Mon June 23, 2014
Bay Harbor's East Island in Miami, Florida, features a collection of Miami Modern buildings, a style of architecture popular from 1945 until the mid 1960s. Development proposals threaten the area with demolition. Bay Harbor's East Island in Miami, Florida, features a collection of Miami Modern buildings, a style of architecture popular from 1945 until the mid 1960s. Development proposals threaten the area with demolition.
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Bay Harbor's East Island, Florida
Chattanooga State Office Building, Tennessee
Spring House, Florida
Mokuaikaua, Hawaii
Music Hall, Ohio
The Palisades, New Jersey
Historic Wintersburg, California
Palladium Building, Missouri
Shockoe Bottom, Virginia
Union Terminal, Ohio
Battle Mountain Sanitarium, South Dakota
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STORY HIGHLIGHTS
  • Florida's only private residence designed by Frank Lloyd Wright is threatened, says the trust
  • A nightclub played a key role in the history of African-American music
  • Demolition by new owners threatens a collection of Miami Modern buildings

(CNN) -- Solomon Northup's jail, Hawaii's first Christian church and a nightclub that was vital to the development of African-American music have all found their way onto the National Trust for Historic Preservation's 2014 list of 11 endangered historic places.

Selected on the criteria of historical and cultural significance, urgency and potential solutions, this is the trust's 27th annual list of the 11 historic places most threatened by natural wear and tear or human destruction.

"This has proven to be a powerful tool for raising awareness and mobilizing people," said trust President Stephanie Meeks.

Anyone can nominate a place, and they're all vetted by staff members who visit the sites. The final list is decided based on the trust's criteria. They they take into account which places can benefit the most from media exposure.

For the second time, the trust has included a special "Watch Status" listing for the Federal Historic Tax Credit, threatened by congressional proposals for economic reform.

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Although all of the locations are important, Meeks said, particularly significant this year is Richmond, Virginia's Shockoe Bottom, home of Solomon Northup's jail, made famous in his book, "Twelve years a slave," and the 2014 Oscar-winning movie of the same name.

"This was an epicenter of the Virginia slave trade and an urban archeological site," she said. "Studies need to be done to figure out the best way to commemorate it."

Shockoe Bottom has the potential to be designated as an International Site of Conscience, which recognizes significant locations to immigration and civil rights, Meeks said.

"This year's list reflects the diversity of America's historic places and the variety of threats they face," she said. "We hope it inspires people to take action."

For a full list of 2014's endangered places, please visit the gallery above.

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