Skip to main content
Part of complete coverage on

There's a plan to help the Middle East overcome conflict and unemployment, but can it work?

updated 10:55 PM EDT, Mon May 12, 2014
STORY HIGHLIGHTS
  • IMF releases latest Middle East and North Africa Economic Outlook report
  • Middle East and Central Asia Director of IMF says many countries in region need to stoke growth
  • Fast growing economies in region need to be wary of inflation

Watch the full interview with Masood Ahmed on Marketplace Middle East Facetime on CNN. Click here for the show times.

(CNN) -- Last week, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) released its latest "Middle East and North Africa Economic Outlook" report.

The document aims to provide a detailed overview of the main political, economic and social trends facing the region.

Alongside an economic analysis of the cost of the Syrian conflict, the report found that many countries are still struggling to stabilize three years after the Arab Spring. However growth in other countries may be helping the region turn a corner.

CNN's John Defterios sat down with the IMF's Middle East and Central Asia Director, Masood Ahmed, to probe the report's findings further and ask how we can expect the countries featured to develop in the near to medium term.

He started by asking about the reports findings on growth in the region.

Masood Ahmed (MA): (Right now), many oil importing countries in the Middle East and North Africa are growing at between 2.5% and 3.5%.

Craving franchises in the Middle East
Investing in Cairo's night life
Dubai pushes fashion forward

Many of these countries were (previously) growing at 6% and 7%. Egypt (and) Tunisia, if you go back to 2008 and 2009 were growing at those rates. How do we get back to those rates and how do we generate more jobs?

First of all, create a degree of more certainty for the private sector. The private sector right now is still holding back because of the transitions. That will work its way through in the next year or so. Second, start embarking on some of the reforms that will improve the prospects for small and medium sized enterprises t come in.

John Defterios (JD): People think, 'Oh 2 to 3% (a decent rate of growth for developed countries) and that's with instability'. What do you need to get these economies on a more stable track?

MA: The kind of growth you need to get these economies on a stable path is kind of in the neighborhood of 5% and 6% rather than 2% or 3%. Why? Because that's the level of growth that will create the jobs that an accruing number of young people that are coming into the labor market need.

JD: You mentioned youth unemployment, in most of these countries it's 25% or even more in Arab Spring transition countries.

MA: Youth unemployment has been chronically high in our region. But over the past three years because growth rates have slowed down, the number of young people without jobs has actually increased by 1.5 to 2 million people. That in itself means those young people are impatient for a job.

But their presence serves sometimes as a deterrent for undertaking the reforms that will generate jobs for them.

It's easier to write checks, increase transfers or try to hire them on the public payroll but it's not sustainable.

JD: The Syrian spillover effect, most people don't think of this in an economic context but you have.

MA: Syria at the moment is obviously a tragedy for the Syrian people but more than that if you look at its neighbors, Lebanon, Jordan and then to a lesser extent Iraq and Turkey, they're all hosting Syrian refugees. In the case of Lebanon and Jordan, this is probably one percentage point or more of GDP in terms of impact already.

Beyond that, there's regional trade that's been affected, there's tourism that's been affected and then there's the spread of uncertainty and conflict, sectarian tensions also spilling over across the borders.

JD: In your report you underline the inflationary threat. Good news that Dubai landed the 2020 Expo, Qatar has the 2022 World Cup but it could push up prices.

MA: You do see some signs of overheating in the short term in Qatar, you do see increases in property prices, particularly real estate in Dubai, and these are things to watch out for.

(But) overall, inflation rates in the GCC (Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf), including in these two countries, remain quite manageable. These are, as you've quite rightly pointed out, areas where you need to keep a vigilant eye.

ADVERTISEMENT
Part of complete coverage on
Marketplace Middle East
updated 10:14 AM EDT, Fri August 15, 2014
A little over 26 years ago, Mohammad Reza Najafi started manufacturing auto parts in Iran.
updated 9:50 AM EDT, Mon August 25, 2014
Lana Del Rey performs at the Byblos International Festival in 2013.
The ancient town of Byblos in Lebanon has attracted some of the world's biggest music stars.
updated 10:33 PM EDT, Thu July 24, 2014
French baguettes aren't the traditional bread of choice in the Middle East, but a Saudi firm wants to change that.
updated 10:33 AM EDT, Fri July 18, 2014
Iran has seen a doubling of tourists visiting the country in the last year and hoteliers are rushing to accommodate them.
updated 10:41 PM EDT, Mon July 14, 2014
In a tiny car repair shop in the Jordanian capital of Amman, one can encounter the latest efforts to solve the country's sky high youth unemployment rate.
updated 9:12 AM EDT, Mon July 14, 2014
Youth unemployment is not a new subject to make the headlines (see Spain and Greece) but it is has become a particularly acute problem for Jordan.
updated 10:59 PM EDT, Thu July 3, 2014
Bales of tomatoes grown near Mafraq, Jordan.
The war in Syria has wide ranging affects on people in neighboring countries, including farmers in Jordan.
updated 8:13 AM EDT, Thu July 3, 2014
Cranes rise above the Aqaba Container Terminal in Jordan.
In the port city of Aqaba, southern Jordan, construction works are popping up everywhere.
updated 1:33 PM EDT, Mon June 23, 2014
Can Turkish Airlines continue to soar in the face of competition from Qatar and the UAE?
updated 11:34 PM EDT, Wed June 11, 2014
A guide to the Middle East's oil and gas reserves.
updated 10:48 PM EDT, Thu May 29, 2014
The Middle East's latest airport destination began full operations earlier this week.
ADVERTISEMENT