Skip to main content

Hong Kong protests take aim at 'locust' shoppers from mainland China

By Peter Shadbolt, CNN
updated 2:19 AM EST, Fri March 7, 2014
Visitors from mainland China wait in a queue with their goods outside the Sheung Shui train station in Hong Kong
Visitors from mainland China wait in a queue with their goods outside the Sheung Shui train station in Hong Kong
  • Hong Kong protests target shopping hordes from mainland China
  • They say local economy is geared to needs of cashed-up Chinese day-trippers, excludes locals
  • Hong Kong visitor numbers are expected to jump from 54.5 million to 70 million in three years
  • Hong Kong taken measures to curb mainland Chinese pressure on maternity beds, baby formula

Hong Kong (CNN) -- In the neon canyons of Hong Kong's Tsim Tsa Tsui -- Hong Kong's main urban shopping precinct -- the proliferation of one type of shop has cropped up along its bustling streets in recent years.

Slotted in between the malls and luxury brand boutiques, the shops open onto the street and are bathed in a harsh fluorescent light. Inside, they sell a limited and identical range of dried goods, off-the-shelf pharmaceuticals, dried baby formula -- and very little else.

"Most of our customers are mainland Chinese," said one shop employee, who requested anonymity, as he frantically tapped data into the shop's computer. "I don't know how many we get through here a day -- a lot."

For some local Hong Kongers, the shops represent an assault on the amenity of the city and highlight an economy geared increasingly to the needs of cashed-up Chinese day-trippers, rather than local people.

"The truth is that most mainlanders who come are not real tourists," columnist and TV show host Michael Chugani wrote recently in an opinion piece for the South China Morning Post.

"They are grocery shoppers. Hong Kongers have to compete with them not only for daily necessities but also for space on the MTR (mass transit system), in restaurants and shopping malls."

Increasing visitor numbers

For Hong Kong locals this is not about to change any time soon.

Hong Kong takes aim at mainland moms
Hong Kong: A gateway to China
Hong Kong journalists protest censorship

Hong Kong's Secretary for Commerce and Economic Development Greg So Kam-leung predicted visitor numbers to Hong Kong would jump from last year's 54.5 million to 70 million in three years, the bulk of whom will be mainlanders.

The figure, he said, is likely to climb to 100 million by 2023.

Last month, about 100 radical Hong Kongers descended on Tsim Tsa Tsui to protest against the growing phenomenon, waving placards describing mainland shoppers as "locusts," hurling abuse at Chinese tourists and scuffling with police.

Demonstrators staged a follow-up protest at the nearby Mongkok shopping precinct in Kowloon the following weekend, wheeling suitcases (viewed as a ubiquitous accessory for mainland Chinese shoppers), causing congestion outside shops by faking "shopping fatigue" and yelling "I have come to buy baby milk powder" in fractured Mandarin at visitors.

Protest backlash

The protests, however, also sparked a strong backlash.

A group calling itself The Voice of Loving Hong Kong organized counter-protests in Mongkok and the Hong Kong government has even looked at amending its race hate laws to protect mainland visitors.

"The government understands that growth in the number of tourists has a certain level of impact on the lives of Hong Kongers. But tourism has contributed a lot in creating job opportunities. It makes up 4.5% of our economy," So Kam-leung said.

Nevertheless, some Hong Kongers have expressed alarm at the strain on its resources from the influx of mainland Chinese.

Even Beijing's top official on Hong Kong affairs this week acknowledged the extent of the problem, telling a closed meeting of of Hong Kong delegates at the annual National People's Congress in Beijing that the problem "had been taken note of."

Laws introduced last March limit the purchase of infant milk formula to just two tins for travelers leaving Hong Kong. A series of mainland food scandals -- most notably in 2008 when milk formula adulterated with melamine caused infant deaths across China -- has sparked an ongoing run on Hong Kong's top brands.

'Zero-birth quota'

The Hong Kong government lin 2012 also introduced a "zero-birth quota" policy to curb the number of pregnant mainland women having emergency deliveries in Hong Kong in order to gain Hong Kong residency and other benefits for their children.

In 2011, a record 43,982 mainland mothers gave birth in Hong Kong, according to local health officials, placing a massive strain on the city's hospitals.

The problem is not just housing or education or our hospital and medical system -- it is our whole environment; it is just so crowded now
Barry Ma

"Protests mocking mainland visitors as locusts and protesters mimicking mainlanders by wheeling suitcases in shopping malls are over the top," Chugani told CNN. "But although these protests are small, they reflect the genuine feelings of many Hong Kong people who don't join because they don't want to be seen as anti-mainlanders.

"I speak fluent Cantonese and most people I talk to say they feel overwhelmed. So while the mocking protests are not justified, they do send a message shared by most Hong Kong people."

Rising costs

In many cases, it is the growing economic strength of mainland China that has raised tensions.

Hong Kongers fear that rising commercial rents and an almost unbroken bull run on residential property prices, fueled in part by mainland Chinese demand, has priced them out of their own city.

Hong Kong property agent Barry Ma, convener of a loose grouping that opposes increased mainland influence in Hong Kong, told CNN at a small rally at Sha Tin in Hong Kong's New Territories that they wanted to strengthen the "one-country, two-systems" policy that underpins the relationship between Hong Kong and Beijing.

"Hong Kong is an open society and we welcome everyone," Ma said. "The problem is not just housing or education or our hospital and medical system -- it is our whole environment; it is just so crowded now.

"Tai Po where I work is the last district in Hong Kong before the mainland and we just receive so many people coming down from Shenzhen," he said. "Even people who don't care about politics are starting to complain -- they are starting to hate mainland people.

"Catching a train used to take just five minutes but now you need an hour to organize it; there are just so many people."

For those mainland shoppers fortunate enough not to run into the small groups of placard wavers last week, however, Hong Kong offered its usual mix of bargains and brashness.

A Shantou resident from east Guangdong in mainland China, who gave his name only as Xie, said he'd encountered no hostility on a day trip to Hong Kong.

"Hong Kong people have treated us pretty well and the relations between Hong Kongers and mainlanders are fine," he told CNN.

Part of complete coverage on
updated 8:53 PM EST, Mon November 24, 2014
China is building an island in the South China Sea that could accommodate an airstrip, according to IHS Jane's Defence Weekly.
updated 5:57 AM EST, Wed November 19, 2014
North Korean refugees face a daunting journey to reach asylum in South Korea, with gangs of smugglers the only option.
updated 6:19 PM EST, Fri November 21, 2014
China and "probably one or two other" countries have the capacity to shut down the nation's power grid and other critical infrastructure.
updated 5:39 AM EST, Fri November 21, 2014
It'd be hard to find another country that has spent as much, and as furiously, as China on giving its next generation a head start.
updated 12:32 AM EST, Tue November 18, 2014
In 1985, Meng Weina set up China's first private special needs school in the southern city of Guangzhou.
updated 3:14 PM EST, Wed November 12, 2014
Despite China's inexorable economic rise, the U.S. is still an indispensable ally, especially in Asia. No one knows this more than the Asian giant's leaders, writes Kerry Brown.
updated 10:38 PM EST, Wed November 12, 2014
For the United States and China to announce a plan reducing carbon emissions by almost a third by the year 2030 is a watershed moment for climate politics on so many fronts.
updated 3:26 PM EST, Mon November 17, 2014
China shows off its new stealth fighter jet, but did it steal the design from an American company? Brian Todd reports.
updated 8:01 PM EST, Mon November 10, 2014
Airshow China in Zhuhai provides a rare glimpse of China's military and commercial aviation hardware.
updated 8:14 AM EST, Wed November 12, 2014
A new exchange initiative aims to bridge relations between the two countries .
updated 12:51 AM EST, Tue November 11, 2014
Xi and Abe's brief summit featured all the enthusiasm of two unhappy schoolboys forced to make up after a schoolyard dust-up.
updated 8:12 PM EST, Mon November 10, 2014
Maybe you've decided to show your partner love with a new iPhone. But how about 99 of them?
updated 9:19 PM EST, Sun November 2, 2014
Can China's Muslim minority fit in? One school is at the heart of an ambitious experiment to assimilate China's Uyghurs.
updated 9:55 AM EST, Tue November 4, 2014
Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg is one of thousands of Americans learning Chinese.
updated 12:00 AM EST, Tue November 4, 2014
Taiwanese President Ma Ying-jeou says he needs to maintain good economic ties with China while trying to keep Beijing's push for reunification at bay.
updated 1:28 AM EDT, Thu October 30, 2014
Chinese drone-maker DJI wants to make aerial photography drones mainstream despite concerns about privacy.
updated 1:18 AM EDT, Wed October 29, 2014
A top retired general confesses to taking bribes, becoming the highest-profile figure in China's military to be caught up in war on corruption.