Skip to main content

U.S. paves way for sanctions over Ukraine, Europe threatens to do same

By Elise Labott and Michelle Kosinski, CNN
updated 12:01 PM EST, Fri March 7, 2014
STORY HIGHLIGHTS
  • President Obama signed an executive order allowing sanctions
  • The sanctions would be aimed at Russians and Ukrainians threatening Ukraine
  • Visa bans are already in effect for some Russian and Ukrainian officials
  • NEW: Europe to suspend talks with Russia on visas, threatens other economic steps

(CNN) -- The United States on Thursday expanded a visa ban and set the groundwork for sanctions against Russians and others over the crisis in Ukraine, while Europe also threatened similar action if the matter cannot be resolved diplomatically.

The dual action intensified the western response around Russia's military intervention in the Crimean peninsula last week triggered by political upheaval in Kiev.

The United States has led the charge on sanctions with Europe seen as a more reluctant partner, at least initially. Russia is the European Union's third-largest trading partner after the United States and China. Germany relies heavily on Russian energy.

Visa bans, which were expanded by the State Department, were already in place for some Russian and Ukrainian officials.

Tatars fear Crimea's pull toward Russia
Ukraine in Crisis
The Putin perspective

President Barack Obama also signed an executive order allowing the U.S. government to impose a host of sanctions on both individuals and entities deemed to be violating Ukraine's sovereignty and territorial integrity.

If Russia continues "this violation of international law" in Ukraine, "the resolve of the United States and our allies and the international community will remain firm," Obama said in remarks at the White House.

His executive order provides the legal basis for sanctions against specific people and entities, though the United States would do so "based on the situation on the ground" in Ukraine, a senior administration official told CNN.

It targets those responsible for or complicit in actions that "undermine democratic processes and institutions in Ukraine," the executive order states.

No names were revealed, but Russian President Vladimir Putin was not on the list, officials said.

Any sanctions would range from freezing assets and blocking property under U.S. jurisdiction to preventing American companies from doing business with any person or entity listed.

The Obama administration had previously put trade and investment pact talks with Russia on hold.

Separately, Europe also threatened sanctions if the crisis cannot be resolved diplomatically through talks between Moscow and Kiev.

The European Council, an arm of the European Union, said it would suspend bilateral talks with Russia on visa matters, and also threatened travel bans, asset freezes and cancellation of the EU-Russia summit if there is no timely diplomatic progress.

It also threatened "severe and far-reaching" economic consequences if Russia further destabilizes the situation.

Also in Washington, a congressional committee was set to vote later in the day on a resolution condemning Russia's actions and urging the United States to pursue a broad range of economic and other sanctions.

Military ties, G8

U.S. action also extends militarily to boost support for allies in the region.

The Pentagon added six fighter jets to the four currently on a NATO mission in the Baltics and the guided-missile destroyer USS Truxtun is about to take part in a previously scheduled exercise in the Black Sea.

In addition, the Pentagon has suspended military exercises with Russia, and the Obama administration has suspended preparations for the upcoming G8 summit of industrialized nations in the Black Sea resort of Sochi, the site of the just-completed Winter Olympics.

Russian lawmakers are drafting a law that would allow the nation to confiscate assets belonging to U.S. and European companies if sanctions are slapped on Moscow, Russian state media reported.

READ: U.S. intelligence under fire over Ukraine

READ: Five possible ways to end the Ukraine crisis

Labott reported from Rome and Kosinski from New York; CNN Money's Mark Thompson and Pierre Meilhan contributed to this report.

ADVERTISEMENT
Part of complete coverage on
updated 12:42 PM EDT, Fri July 18, 2014
The shooting down of MH17 may finally alert Washington and Europe to the danger of the conflict in Ukraine.
updated 11:00 AM EDT, Thu July 17, 2014
Russia has not taken steps to end Ukraine conflict, President Obama said announcing sanctions against separatists, defense companies.
updated 5:36 PM EDT, Fri June 27, 2014
An agreement with the EU formally pushes Ukraine away from Russia. The Kremlin says it's okay with that.
updated 1:08 PM EDT, Sat June 28, 2014
Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko says peace is possible if Vladimir Putin is in the right mood.
updated 10:58 AM EDT, Fri July 4, 2014
Vladimir Putin said he hoped for better ties with the United States in a July Fourth message to Barack Obama.
updated 7:46 AM EDT, Fri June 27, 2014
EXCLUSIVE: Ukrainian President Poroshenko says he wants peace, and describes negotiations with President Putin.
updated 5:40 AM EDT, Tue April 1, 2014
Annexation is no longer the focus of Ukraine crisis. What happened?
updated 8:33 PM EDT, Mon June 9, 2014
Civilians are caught in the crossfire between the Ukrainian military and pro-Russian separatists. Diana Magnay reports.
updated 2:23 PM EDT, Sat June 7, 2014
Petro Poroshenko sets the tone for his country's conversation with itself and the world, but how will Russia now react?
updated 1:11 PM EDT, Thu July 10, 2014
Images from Ukraine amidst violence after President Petro Poroshenko's election
updated 9:38 AM EDT, Mon June 2, 2014
In the elegant surroundings of London's Somerset House, one oligarch is using art to get his message across.
updated 3:57 PM EDT, Tue May 27, 2014
As fighting continues in eastern Ukraine, many wonder how the region will ever heal. CNN's Nick Paton Walsh reports.
updated 1:20 PM EDT, Tue May 27, 2014
Images from Crimea, Donetsk, Kiev and elsewhere as the future of Ukraine lies in doubt.
updated 2:54 PM EDT, Mon April 21, 2014
Scenes from Ukraine and Crimea, captured by CNN teams.
ADVERTISEMENT