(CNN) -- Here's a look at the life of actor Jack Nicholson, who has won three Academy Awards and has been nominated for 12, the most of any male performer.
Personal: Birth date: April 22, 1937
Birth place: Neptune, New Jersey
Birth name: John Joseph Nicholson
Father: Identity not confirmed.
Mother: June Nicholson
Marriage: Sandra Knight (1961-1966, divorced)
Children: with Rebecca Broussard: Lorraine and Raymond; with Winnie Hollman: Honey; with Susan Anspach: Caleb; with Sandra Knight: Jennifer
Other Facts: Raised by Ethel May Nicholson. It wasn't until Nicholson was an adult that he learned that Ethel May was his grandmother and not his mother. His birth mother was June Nicholson, who he grew up believing was his sister.
Worked in film for 10 years before his breakthrough role in "Easy Rider."
Wrote, produced and starred in the 1966 western "Ride in the Whirlwind."
Ardent Los Angeles Lakers fan.
Timeline: 1954 - Moves to Los Angeles.
1958 - Makes his film debut in "The Cry Baby Killer."
1969 - The film "Easy Rider" is released and earns him an Academy Award nomination for Best Supporting Actor in this breakout role.
1974 - The film "Chinatown" is released.
1975 - Wins the Best Actor Academy Award for his performance in "One Flew over the Cuckoo's Nest."
1980 - The film "The Shining" is released.
1983 - Wins the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his performance in "Terms of Endearment."
1989 - The film "Batman" is released. Nicholson plays the Joker.
1997 - Wins the Academy Award for Best Actor for his performance in "As Good as It Gets."
1994 -Smashes another man's car windshield with a golf club during a traffic dispute. Later charges are dropped and Nicholson reaches an undisclosed settlement with the car's owner.
1999 - Receives the Cecil B. DeMille Award for lifetime achievement.
December 2001 - Kennedy Center honoree.