Voting Rights Act Fast FactsBy CNN LibraryUpdated 1:47 PM ET, Wed July 23, 2014Photos: The Voting Rights Act 14 photosThe Voting Rights Act – The Voting Rights Act is often called the crown jewel of the civil rights movement, yet many Americans do not know why or how it was passed. Pictured, NAACP Field Director Charles White speaks on the steps of the U.S. Supreme Court on Tuesday, June 25, after the court limited use of a major part of the landmark Voting Rights Act of 1965, in effect invalidating a key enforcement provision. Here are some key moments and characters in the voting rights saga. Hide Caption 1 of 14Photos: The Voting Rights Act 14 photosThe Voting Rights Act – Three young civil rights workers were murdered in 1964 in Mississippi while trying to register black voters. The infamous murders showed that segregationists were willing to kill to keep African-Americans from voting.Hide Caption 2 of 14Photos: The Voting Rights Act 14 photosThe Voting Rights Act – John Lewis, a young activist who later became a congressman of Georgia, heads to a fateful encounter on the Edmund Pettus Bridge in Selma, Alabama during a 1965 march. Lewis was brutally assaulted by state troopers during the "Bloody Sunday" march that made voting rights a national issue.Hide Caption 3 of 14Photos: The Voting Rights Act 14 photosThe Voting Rights Act – Marchers during the 1965 voting rights campaign in Selma, Alabama gather for a rally on March 26, 1965, a few weeks after "Bloody Sunday." Black residents were beaten, fired from their jobs and imprisoned trying to vote.Hide Caption 4 of 14Photos: The Voting Rights Act 14 photosThe Voting Rights Act – Viola Liuzzo, a Detroit housewife, was murdered while participating in the voting rights campaign in Selma, Alabama, in 1965. Her death outraged the nation and helped spur passage of the Voting Rights Act.Hide Caption 5 of 14Photos: The Voting Rights Act 14 photosThe Voting Rights Act – President Lyndon Johnson, pictured here discussing the act with the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. in 1965, went on national television to call for passage of the Voting Rights Act. He ended his speech by saying, "And we shall overcome."Hide Caption 6 of 14Photos: The Voting Rights Act 14 photosThe Voting Rights Act – Rep. John Lewis speaks after bipartisan House and Senate officials met to voice support for reauthorizing the Voting Rights Act for an additional 25 years on May 2, 2006. From left, Senate Minority Leader Harry Reid, House Speaker Dennis Hastert, Senate Majority Leader Bill Frist and other officials listen during the media conference.Hide Caption 7 of 14Photos: The Voting Rights Act 14 photosThe Voting Rights Act – President George W. Bush signs reauthorization of the act on July 27, 2006. From left, Rep. John Conyers, D-Michigan, Rep. James Sensenbrenner, R-Wisconsin, House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi, D-California, Sen. Harry Reid, D-Nevada, and Sen. Bill Frist, R-Tennessee, look on.Hide Caption 8 of 14Photos: The Voting Rights Act 14 photosThe Voting Rights Act – President Barack Obama marches with civil right veterans during a commemoration march in 2007.Hide Caption 9 of 14Photos: The Voting Rights Act 14 photosThe Voting Rights Act – A conservative judge called the Voting Rights Act a racial entitlement but supporters of the act say it is the crowning victory of the civil rights movement. Pictured, people gather for a post-march rally after crossing the Edmund Pettus Bridge on the "Bloody Sunday" anniversary, March 4, 2012.Hide Caption 10 of 14Photos: The Voting Rights Act 14 photosThe Voting Rights Act – Lawyers' Committee for Civil Rights Under Law Executive Director Barbara Arnwine speaks during a news conference to voice opposition to state photo ID voter laws with the Rev. Jesse Jackson and members of Congress at the U.S. Capitol July 13, 2011.Hide Caption 11 of 14Photos: The Voting Rights Act 14 photosThe Voting Rights Act – A supporter of the Voting Rights Act rallies in the South Carolina State House in Columbia on February 26, 2013, the day before oral hearings at the Supreme Court.Hide Caption 12 of 14Photos: The Voting Rights Act 14 photosThe Voting Rights Act – The Rev. Jesse Jackson, at the microphone, and the Rev. Al Sharpton, left, deliver remarks during a rally outside the U.S. Supreme Court on February 27, 2013, as the court prepared to hear oral arguments in Shelby County v. Holder, the legal challenge to Section 5 of the Voting Rights Act. Hide Caption 13 of 14Photos: The Voting Rights Act 14 photosThe Voting Rights Act – Supporters of the Voting Rights Act listen to speakers discussing the rulings outside the U.S. Supreme Court building on Tuesday, June 25.Hide Caption 14 of 14Here is a look at The Voting Rights Act of 1965, which serves to protect and enforce the contents of the 14th and 15th Amendments. It was a response to voter suppression in the 1960s by state and local governments and law enforcement. Important sections: Original jurisdictions: Alabama, Alaska, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, South Carolina and Virginia. Also, subdivisions, mostly counties, in Arizona, Hawaii, Idaho and North Carolina.Jurisdictions are made based on a formula containing two elements: uses tests to thwart voting and less than 50% of the voting age population is registered to vote by November 1, 1964 or if less that 50% voted in the 1964 presidential election. It also guarantees the right to register and vote to citizens with "limited English proficiency."Section 2: States the right to vote cannot be denied on basis of race or color.Section 3: Upholds the ability to enforce the 15th Amendment.Section 4: Says citizen cannot be denied right to vote for failed compliance with devices such as literacy tests. It also designates the formulated jurisdictions outlined in Section 5 and provides a procedure to terminate this coverage. Section 5: This section "freezes (new) election practices or procedures in certain states until the new procedures have been subjected to review." Review can only be done by the U.S. Attorney General or by filing a lawsuit before the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia. Timeline:March 7, 1965 - Bloody Sunday - 600 non-violent voting rights marchers heading to Montgomery, Alabama's state capital, are attacked by state troopers in Selma.March 15, 1965 - President Lyndon Johnson, in a speech before a joint session of Congress says: "There is no constitutional issue here. The command of the Constitution is plain. There is no moral issue. It is wrong, deadly wrong, to deny any of your fellow Americans the right to vote in this country."August 6, 1965 - Is signed into law by President Johnson to protect and enforce the 15th Amendment.1970 - Congress extends provisions for five years, changing the formula in Section 4 to reflect 1968 (instead of 1964). Coverage is added in jurisdictions within 10 more states: Alaska, Arizona, California, Connecticut, Idaho, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New York and Wyoming. Connecticut, Idaho, Maine, Massachusetts and Wyoming win "bailout" lawsuits.1975 - Congress extends provisions for seven years, changes the formula to 1972 and broadens the discrimination description as also encompassing American Indian, Asian American, Alaskan Natives or people of Spanish heritage. This addition to the formula essentially covers Alaska, Arizona and Texas, and includes parts of California, Florida, Michigan, New York, North Carolina and South Dakota.1982 - Congress extends the special provisions in Section 4 for 25 years, but makes no changes. 2006 - Congress renews special provisions and extends until 2031. June 25, 2013 - The Supreme Court decides (5-4) that formulated jurisdictions under Section 5 no longer have to have new voting laws pre-cleared by the attorney general or the federal district court in the District of Columbia. Chief Justice John Roberts explains that "our country has changed" and the formula "no longer characterize(s) voting in the covered jurisdictions." More from usLasso that llama!Attorney: Autopsy shows unarmed man shot from behind by Washington policeUnited warns pilots after 'significant safety concerns'