(CNN) -- A federal judge in Utah has denied the state's request to stay his ruling allowing same-sex marriage there.
U.S. District Judge Robert J. Shelby's ruling Monday comes three days after he struck down Utah's ban on same-sex marriage.
The decision last week drew national attention and sent throngs of couples to Utah clerks offices seeking marriage certificates.
Nicole Christensen, 28, and her partner, Natalie Dicou, 32, were among those who tied the knot.
"It's incredible. It's like an early Christmas present," Christensen said. "I've been on Cloud 9 ever since we got married on Friday."
Shelby said lawyers for the state had offered no evidence that opposite-sex marriage would be affected and that their "fears and speculations are insufficient to justify the State's refusal to dignify the family relationships of its gay and lesbian citizens."
After Shelby denied the stay, the state attorney general's office said Monday that it would seek one from the U.S. 10th Circuit Court of Appeals, and that it hoped for a quick decision.
The state separately intends to file an appeal supporting the constitutional ban, and the stay, if the 10th Circuit grants one, would delay Shelby's initial ruling until the appeal is heard.
Gov. Gary R. Herbert criticized Shelby's ruling of last week, calling him "an activist federal judge."
At the time, Herbert said he was working with his legal counsel and the acting attorney general "to determine the best course to defend traditional marriage within the borders of Utah."
Shelby held a hearing on the matter Monday and denied Utah's request to stay his decision, according to Mary Jane McNamee, his courtroom deputy.
The judge issued a written ruling later Monday.
Utah voters approved a law banning same-sex marriage in 2004.
Shelby said the state's "current laws deny its gay and lesbian citizens their fundamental right to marry and, in so doing, demean the dignity of these same-sex couples for no rational reason.
"Accordingly, the court finds that these laws are unconstitutional," he said.
Same-sex marriage is banned by constitutional amendment or state law in: Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin and Wyoming.
But it is legal in 17 other U.S states and the District of Columbia: California, Connecticut, Delaware, Hawaii, Illinois, Iowa, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Minnesota, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Rhode Island, Vermont and Washington.
CNN's Dana Ford contributed to this report.