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Immigration Statistics Fast Facts

By CNN Library
updated 1:51 PM EDT, Sat September 6, 2014

(CNN) -- Here's a look at what you need to know about immigration to the United States.

Legal Immigration Statistics:
2013 - 990,553 people are granted lawful permanent residence in the United States. Approximately 40% of these "green card" recipients, or LPRs, were born in Asia, while about 32% were born in North America. The top countries of origin are:

-- Mexico (14%)

-- China (7.2%)

-- India (6.9%)

-- Philippines (5.5%)

-- Dominican Republic (4.2%)

2013 - The top U.S states where legal permanent residents settle are:

-- California (19.4%)

-- New York (13.5%)

-- Florida (10.4%)

-- Texas (9.4%)

-- New Jersey (5.4%)

New legal permanent residents of the United States are younger on average than native born residents, more likely to be female and more likely to be married.

The largest spike in lawful immigration took place from 1989 to 1991, when approximately 2.7 million undocumented immigrants were legalized under the 1986 Immigration Reform and Control Act.

2013 - A total of 779,929 people become naturalized U.S. citizens. The top countries of birth are:

-- Mexico (12.7%)

-- India (6.4%)

-- Philippines (5.6%)

-- Dominican Republic (5.1%)

-- China (3.9%)

Residents becoming naturalized citizens in 2013 had spent a median of seven years in LPR status. Immigrants from Africa has the shortest median wait time, five years, while those from North America had the longest wait time, 10 years.

Illegal Immigration Statistics:
2012 - The Department of Homeland Security estimates that there are 11.4 million unauthorized immigrants living in the United States, down from 11.5 million in 2011. The top countries of origin are:

-- Mexico (59%)

-- El Salvador (6%)

-- Guatemala (5%)

-- Honduras (3%)

-- Philippines (3%)

2012 - The top U.S. states where unauthorized immigrants settle are:

-- California (25%)

-- Texas (16%)

-- Florida (6%)

-- New York (5%)

-- Illinois (5%)

Unauthorized immigrants to the United States tend to be young (61% between ages 25-44) and male (53%). However, 57% of unauthorized immigrants over the age of 45 are female.

2012 - 643,474 unauthorized immigrants are apprehended. More than 69% are from Mexico.

2012 - 419,384 unauthorized immigrants are removed from the United States. Approximately 47% of these individuals have prior criminal convictions.

-- Repatriated to Mexico (73%)

-- Repatriated to Guatemala (9%)

-- Repatriated to Honduras (7%)

-- Repatriated to El Salvador (4%)

Unaccompanied Alien Children:
"Unaccompanied alien children" (UAC -- term used by U.S. Customs and Border Protection) referred to the Office of Refugee Resettlement, part of the Department of Health and Human Services, for care while their immigration cases are adjudicated:

-- FY2014 - 60,000 (estimate)

-- FY2013 - 24,668

-- FY2012 - 14,721

The budget for the (UAC) program:

-- FY2014 - $911 million

-- FY2013 - $376 million

-- FY2012 - $278 million

The top countries of origin for UAC (FY2013):

-- Guatemala (37%)

-- Honduras (30%)

-- El Salvador (26%)

-- Mexico (3%)

-- Ecuador (2%)

About 73% of UAC are boys (FY2013).

About 76% of UAC are between 14 and 18 years old (FY2013).

There are approximately 100 permanent UAC shelters, mostly located along the U.S.-Mexico border.

The average length of stay in a shelter is 35 days.

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