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Masters Golf Tournament Fast Facts

By CNN Library
updated 7:02 AM EDT, Mon April 14, 2014
Adam Scott of Australia smiles while wearing the green jacket after winning the 2013 Masters Tournament at Augusta National Golf Club in Augusta, Georgia, on Sunday, April 14. Scott captured golf's most prestigious event in an oh-so-close sudden-death playoff with Angel Cabrera. Click through to see all the shots from the fourth day and <a href='http://www.cnn.com/2013/04/13/golf/gallery/masters-round-three/index.html' target='_blank'>look back at the third round</a>. Adam Scott of Australia smiles while wearing the green jacket after winning the 2013 Masters Tournament at Augusta National Golf Club in Augusta, Georgia, on Sunday, April 14. Scott captured golf's most prestigious event in an oh-so-close sudden-death playoff with Angel Cabrera. Click through to see all the shots from the fourth day and look back at the third round.
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The Masters: Final Round
The Masters: Final Round
The Masters: Final Round
The Masters: Final Round
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(CNN) -- Here's a look at what you need to know about the Masters, one of golf's four major tournaments, along with the U.S. Open, the British Open and the PGA Championship. It is held annually at the Augusta National Golf Club in Augusta, Georgia.

April 7-13, 2014 - American Bubba Watson wins the 78th Masters, his second Masters title in three years.

April 8-14, 2013 - Australian Adam Scott wins the 77th Masters after a sudden death playoff with Angel Cabrera.

Facts:
Par at Augusta National is 72 and the course is 7,435 yards.

Jack Nicklaus has won six Masters tournaments (1963, 1965, 1966, 1972, 1975, 1986), more than any other golfer. Arnold Palmer and Tiger Woods are second with four Masters wins each.

Three players have won consecutive Masters titles: Jack Nicklaus (1965, 1966), Nick Faldo (1989, 1990), and Tiger Woods (2001, 2002).

CNN Explains: The Masters
Building Augusta's iconic brand
Alister MacKenzie's road to Augusta
Crenshaw's best Augusta moments

Mark O'Meara played in 15 Masters before he won in 1998. The average number of attempts before a victory is six.

Tiger Woods is the youngest player ever to win the Masters. (21 years, 3 months and 14 days old)

Jack Nicklaus is the oldest player ever to win the Masters. (46 years, 2 months and 23 days old)

Dr. Alister Mackenzie of Scotland was the architect of the course.

The winner is presented with a green blazer. He can wear the "Green Jacket" home, but must return it to the club the next year.

Timeline:
January 1933 - The Augusta National Golf Club formally opens in Augusta, Georgia, after being founded by golfer Bobby Jones and investment banker Clifford Roberts.

March 22, 1934 - The first Augusta National Invitation Golf Tournament is held.

1937 - Members of Augusta National begin wearing green jackets.

1939 - The tournament is officially named The Masters.

1940 - The date of the tournament moves to the first full week of April.

1943-1945 - During World War II, no tournament is held. Play resumes in 1946.

1956 - First Masters television broadcast, only holes 15 through 18 are broadcast.

1972 - The waiting list for Masters tickets is established. The list has since closed. Applications for practice round tickets are now taken a year in advance.

1990 - TV executive Ron Townsend is admitted as the club's first African American member.

2003 - The National Council of Women's Organizations leads a protest against Augusta National's all male membership.

April 12, 2004 - Arnold Palmer plays in his 50th and final tournament.

August 20, 2012 - Former Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice and private investment banker Darla Moore become the first females admitted as members of Augusta National Golf Club.

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