Hispanics in the U.S. Fast Facts

The Census describes Hispanic or Latino ethnicity as "a person of Cuban, Mexican, Puerto Rican, South or Central American, or other Spanish culture or origin regardless of race."

Hispanic people are the largest minority in the United States. Only Mexico has a larger Hispanic population than the United States.

    As of 2013, there are an estimated 54 million Hispanic people in the United States. That is just over 17% of the total U.S. population and a 2.1% increase over the previous year.

    By 2060, the Census Bureau projects that there will be almost 128.8 million Hispanic people in the United States and that they will comprise 31% of the total population.

    Two-thirds of the Hispanic people in the United States are of Mexican background, according to 2013 Census estimates.

    California is the state with the largest Hispanic population by 2013 Census estimates -- 14.7 million. But New Mexico has the highest Hispanic percentage of the state population -- 47.3 percent.

    These are the states where more than 30% of the population is Hispanic, based on 2013 Census estimates: Arizona, 30.3%; California, 38.4%; New Mexico, 47.3%; and Texas, 38.4.

    There are more than one million Hispanic residents in eight U.S. states - Arizona, California, Colorado, Florida, Illinois, New Jersey, New York and Texas.

    Second only to English, Spanish is the language most used in the United States, as of 2013. It is spoken by approximately 35.8 million Hispanic people in the country, plus an additional 2.6 million non-Hispanics.

    Of the English-speaking Hispanics in the United States, a majority, 59%, are bilingual as of 2013 estimates.

    As of 2013, 38.4 million U.S. residents, or 13% of the population, speaks Spanish at home, according to Census estimates.

    Over 23 million Hispanic people were eligible to vote during the November 2012 elections.

    How do Hispanic people define their race? (2010 Census)
    - White: 26,735,713 - 53% of the total
    - Some other race: 18,503,103 - 36.7% of the total
    - Two or more races: 3,042,592 - 6% of the total
    - Black: 1,243,471 - 2.5% of the total