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Focus turns to vote-counting in Zimbabwe's hotly contested election

By Columbus S. Mavhunga ‎and Faith Karimi, CNN
updated 8:12 PM EDT, Wed July 31, 2013
STORY HIGHLIGHTS
  • NEW: Vote-counting begins late Wednesday
  • NEW: Partial results are due early Thursday with full results due by Monday
  • NEW: The head of the election commission says the vote was "free and fair"
  • President Robert Mugabe's main challenger is PM Morgan Tsvangirai

Did you vote? Share your experiences.

Harare, Zimbabwe (CNN) -- Vote-counting in Zimbabwe's hotly contested election began late Wednesday with President Robert Mugabe and main challenger Morgan Tsvangirai confident of victory.

Partial results were expected to come out early Thursday, said Rita Makarau, chairwoman of the Zimbabwe Election Commission, which has until Monday to release full results. Five presidential candidates are in the race including Mugabe and Tsvangirai, the current prime minister.

Makarau dismissed allegations from Tsvangirai's party that the election commission rigged the polls for Mugabe.

"I believe that the election is free and fair," she told journalists. "Maybe the reports that will come out will vindicate my view of the election as free and fair."

Opinion: Is Zimbabwe ready for elections?

Mugabe, 89, has been at the helm since 1980, the only president the nation has known since it gained independence from Britain. A win would extend his time in office to a potential 38 years.

Zimbabweans line up near a polling station in Harare to vote in a general election on July 31, 2013 as President Robert Mugabe seeks to extend power to a potential 38 years. Zimbabweans line up near a polling station in Harare to vote in a general election on July 31, 2013 as President Robert Mugabe seeks to extend power to a potential 38 years.
Zimbabwe votes for president
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Photos: Zimbabwe votes Photos: Zimbabwe votes
Zimbabweans head to the polls
Bitter rivals on ballot in Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe crackdown ahead of elections

'Evidence of manipulation'

The vote will end an uneasy coalition government formed after violence broke out when Mugabe claimed victory over Tsvangirai in the last election five years ago. The post-election violence left 200 people dead and thousands more injured, rights groups said.

Regional leaders dismissed that election as a sham and pressured Mugabe to form a power-sharing agreement with Tsvangirai and his opposition Movement for Democratic Change. As a result, the two bitter rivals entered into a tense coalition in 2009.

Opposition candidates say they have no confidence in this election, either.

Referring to alleged voting manipulation by Mugabe supporters, Tsvangirai's party, the Movement for Democratic Change, said it was encouraged by a large turnout.

"Zimbabweans, we remain hopeful that the shenanigans were rendered useless by your massive support," the party said on its Facebook page.

Days before the election, Tsvangirai, 61, said "there is clear evidence of manipulation" in poll preparations. He said ballot papers cast in his favor during early voting were discovered tossed in a bin.

Rights groups accuse the government of intimidating and beating up opposition supporters and interfering with the polls. Mugabe's party denies the accusations.

Mugabe to West: Back off

The elections were held under a new constitution endorsed in a March referendum that limits the president to two five-year terms. Mugabe is allowed to seek another term because the rule does not apply retroactively.

Last week, he had a few words for critics of the upcoming election, especially the West.

"Keep your pink nose out of our affairs, please," he said in response to criticisms from the United States on his push for elections without key reforms.

About 6.4 million voters in Zimbabwe -- half of the country's population -- were eligible to cast their ballots, according to the electoral commission.

The electoral commission has five days from the close of polling to release results. Mugabe has vowed to step down if he loses.

Zimbabwe, seeking election funding, turns to neighboring countries

"You either win or lose," he said. "If you lose, then you must surrender to those who have won. If you win, those who have lost then must surrender to those who have won. This is it. We will do so. Yes. Comply with the rules."

And he had a conciliatory message for Tsvangirai.

"I've got my fair share of criticisms and also dealt back rights and lefts and uppercuts. But that's the game. Although we boxed each other, with Tsvangirai, it's not as hostile as before. It's all over now. We can now shake hands," he said.

'A historic day for all'

Mugabe and his main opponent voted at different polling stations in Harare.

"Today is a historic day for all to complete the delayed runoff of 2008," Tsvangirai said. "It's an emotional moment when you see all these people coming to vote."

The prime minister has always maintained the 2008 election was rigged. At the time, the electoral commission said Tsvangirai and party had won, but not by enough to avoid a runoff. He later withdrew from the runoff, saying government loyalists had killed hundreds of his supporters.

Citizens say this year's election is crucial in more ways than one. Despite the setbacks, it provides another shot at democracy.

"We are still a young country ... our democracy is still young," said Nigel Mugamu, who lives in the Zimbabwean capital of Harare. "A lot of African countries have changed leadership at least once or twice. We haven't seen a new face. From that perspective, it's an exciting time. Will this be the moment it will happen?"

Hope after hyperinflation

Mugamu said a peaceful election will help boost investment. This is the first poll since Zimbabwe battled hyperinflation that left investors jittery and led many to abandon the country's currency.

In 2009, the nation introduced a 100 trillion-dollar bill that was worth about $300 in U.S. currency. At the time, a loaf of bread cost about 300 billion Zimbabwean dollars.

The hyperinflation forced traders to insist on international currency to hedge against losses. They preferred the U.S. dollar or South African rand, and most workers demanded their salaries in foreign currency.

Despite widespread poverty, the nation has made major strides since then, experts say.

"Zimbabwe has made considerable progress in stabilizing the economy since the end of hyperinflation in 2009," the International Monetary Fund said last month.

Since then, the nation's gross domestic product "has grown by an average of over 7% and inflation has remained in the low single digits. Government revenues have more than doubled from 16% of GDP in 2009 to an estimated 36% of GDP in 2012, allowing the restoration of basic public services."

And as the nation returns from the brink of a crippled economy, Zimbabweans are hopeful.

Linda Mukusha braved long lines and chilly morning weather to cast her vote in Harare.

"I hope Zimbabweans turn out to vote in huge numbers," she said. "Whoever wins, the country needs to move forward."

She proudly displayed her inked finger to show she had cast her ballot

Journalist Columbus Mavhunga contributed to this report from Harare, and‎ CNN's Faith Karimi wrote and reported from London. CNN's Sarah Brown and Nana Karikari-apau contributed to this report.

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