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Jean-Claude Duvalier Fast Facts

By CNN Library
updated 5:45 PM EDT, Sat October 4, 2014
Jean-Claude
Jean-Claude "Baby Doc" Duvalier became Haiti's "president for life" when his father, Francois "Papa Doc" Duvalier, died in 1971. After Baby Doc's rule ended in 1986, he spent 25 years in lavish exile in France. Duvalier unexpectedly returned to Haiti in 2011, and will face trial on corruption charges.

(CNN) -- Here's a look at the life of former Haitian president Jean-Claude Duvalier.

Personal:
Birth date: July 3, 1951

Death date: October 4, 2014

Birth place: Port-au-Prince, Haiti

Father: Francois Duvalier, president of Haiti

Mother: Simone (Ovide) Duvalier, first lady of Haiti

Marriage: Michèle Bennett (May 27, 1980-June 19, 1990, divorced)

Children: Anya (1986) and Francois Nicolas (January 31, 1983)

Education: Attended law school at the University of Haiti

Other Facts:
At the time of his 1971 swearing-in as Haitian president, 19 year-old Duvalier was the youngest president in the world.

His father's nickname while president of Haiti was Papa Doc, his was Baby Doc.

Duvalier was accused of embezzlement, corruption and crimes against humanity, including torture, kidnappings, and extrajudicial executions, during his 15 years as president.

Timeline:
January 1971 - Haiti's National Assembly approves a constitutional amendment which allows Francois "Papa Doc" Duvalier to appoint someone under 40 years old as his successor.

April 21, 1971 - President Duvalier dies of heart disease and diabetes.

April 22, 1971 - Jean-Claude Duvalier is sworn in as president for life.

May 27, 1980 - Duvalier marries Michèle Bennett in a lavish Roman Catholic ceremony at the Cathedral of Port-Au-Prince. The bride's uncle, the Archbishop of Haiti, Francis Wolff Ligonde officiates.

September 23, 1981 - On the 25th anniversary of the Duvalier family's rule of Haiti, the president grants clemency to 22 political prisoners.

April 10 and May 15, 1983 - Haitian municipal elections are held for the first time since 1957. No candidate for office is opposed to the Duvalier administration.

July 22, 1985 - Haiti holds a referendum to confirm Duvalier's mandate as president for life. It passes with 99.9% of the vote.

February 7, 1986 - After a popular uprising, Duvalier, his wife, two children and mother, flee Haiti onboard a United States military airplane bound for France.

October 1989 - Duvalier is granted a Dominican Republic divorce from wife, Michèle . She contests and stops the proceedings, reversing the divorce.

June 19, 1990 - Duvalier is granted another Dominican Republic divorce from Michèle .

October 1990 - France does not recognize the Dominican Republic divorce, requiring the couple to divorce again.

September 2007 - Haitian radio stations broadcast an apology from Duvalier, "If, during my presidential mandate, the government caused any physical, moral or economic wrongs to others, I solemnly take the historical responsibility . . . to request forgiveness from the people and ask for the impartial judgment of history."

January 16 -18, 2011 - Duvalier unexpectedly returns to Haiti and is charged with corruption, abuse of power and embezzlement.

February 1, 2011 - The Swiss Restitution of Illicit Assets Act (RIAA) allows the $6.2 million in Duvalier's Swiss bank account, frozen since 1986, to be returned to the people of Haiti.

January 30, 2012 - Haitian judge, Carves Jean, rules Duvalier cannot be tried on human rights violates committed during his 15 year presidency because the statute of limitation has run out on the alleged crimes that include torture, rape and murder. Craves ruling allows for Duvalier to be tried for corruption.

February 28, 2013 - Hearing on Justice Ministry appeal of 2012 ruling by Judge Carves on human rights violations. The hearing had been postponed three times for Duvalier's failure to appear.

February 2014 - Human rights charges against Duvalier are reinstated.

October 4, 2014 - Duvalier dies of a heart attack in Port-au-Prince, Haiti.

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