Skip to main content

Irish Parliament passes exception to abortion ban

By Michael Martinez and Ben Brumfield, CNN
updated 6:47 AM EDT, Fri July 12, 2013
A protester displays a banner against Ireland's abortion laws in Dublin on November 24.
A protester displays a banner against Ireland's abortion laws in Dublin on November 24.
STORY HIGHLIGHTS
  • NEW: Human Rights Watch says the bill fails women in Ireland by not going far enough
  • The final bill includes a provision allowing abortion if the mother is at risk of suicide
  • The majority government supports the bill
  • Conservative and progressive lawmakers argue over various amendments

(CNN) -- Irish lawmakers overwhelmingly passed new legislation early Friday that allows abortions if the mother's life is at risk.

Members of Parliament in the devoutly Catholic country spent hours before its passage debating the Protection of Life During Pregnancy Bill 2013. The vote was 127-31 in favor of the bill.

Conservative and progressive lawmakers argued over amendments to the draft law.

Religious lawmakers and church leaders are upset over a provision allowing abortion if a pregnant woman is acutely at risk of committing suicide. They called it a "Trojan horse" leading to easy abortion access and wanted it removed, but the provision was included in the final bill, according to The Irish Times.

Ireland abortion bill vote
Historic abortion vote planned in Ireland

A woman can't just threaten to commit suicide and expect to receive an abortion, according to the bill. Two psychiatrists and an obstetrician must certify that the risk of suicide is "real and substantial."

Female lawmakers introduced an amendment to permit abortions if a woman becomes pregnant after incest or rape, but later shelved it when it ran into resistance, the Times reported.

In its final provisions, the bill underlines existing Irish laws to protect the fetus.

"It shall be an offense to intentionally destroy unborn human life," it reads. A woman who violates the law could face a maximum penalty of 14 years in prison.

The bill has proved divisive even within the government. European Affairs Minister Lucinda Creighton, who was opposed to elements of the legislation, resigned Thursday, Prime Minister Enda Kenny confirmed.

Doctors and hospital personnel involved in illegal abortions face the same punishment, according to the bill.

Woman's death in Ireland abortion case ruled 'medical misadventure'

The issue was brought to the forefront last year when a 31-year-old woman died after doctors refused to perform a life-saving abortion.

Savita Halappanavar went into a hospital in Galway, Ireland, in October, complaining of severe back pain.

Doctors established Halappanavar, who was 17 weeks pregnant, was having a miscarriage. But they did not terminate the pregnancy, afraid the law would not allow it.

Three days after the request for a termination was made, the fetus died and was removed. Four days later, Savita died of a blood infection.

Public outrage over her death likely hastened the passage of the new legislation.

It was proposed after a 2010 ruling by the European Court of Human Rights, but had been moving slowly through the legislative system.

The European Court of Human Rights found that Ireland's failure to regulate access to abortion had led to a violation of its human rights obligations.

Twenty years ago, the Irish Supreme Court ruled abortions are allowed when there is a real and substantial risk to the life of the mother.

But the ruling was never enacted into law, meaning there was little clarity for doctors or patients as to when an abortion could not take place.

Human Rights Watch said the new legislation failed Ireland's women by not going far enough to reform the country's abortion laws.

It did "the bare minimum" to comply with the European court ruling, and did not address other issues such as the rights of women who are pregnant as a result of rape, it said in a statement.

"The new law does add clarity, but requiring women to seek multiple approvals from health professionals may delay or defeat access to legal abortions," said Gauri van Gulik, women's rights advocate for Human Rights Watch.

"Ultimately it does little to improve the draconian restrictions on abortions."

Husband testifies his wife died after abortion was denied in Ireland

Opinion: If Ireland had abortion rights

CNN's Peter Taggart in Ireland contributed to this report.

ADVERTISEMENT
Part of complete coverage on
updated 10:42 PM EDT, Thu October 23, 2014
Successful launch of lunar orbiter, seen as a precursor for a planned mission to the surface of the moon, marks significant advance for the country's space program.
updated 3:15 PM EDT, Thu October 23, 2014
Cpl. Nathan Cirillo, shot while standing guard at Ottawa's National War Memorial, was known for his easygoing manner and smile.
updated 4:06 PM EDT, Wed October 22, 2014
Non-stop chatter about actress' appearance is nasty, cruel, hurtful, invasive and sexist.
updated 6:08 PM EDT, Thu October 23, 2014
CEO's 30-min Putonghua chat is the perfect charm offensive for Facebook's last untapped market.
updated 11:45 PM EDT, Thu October 23, 2014
Chinese leaders want less odd architecture built in the country.
updated 4:58 PM EDT, Wed October 22, 2014
Air New Zealand's new 'Hobbit' safety video stars Peter Jackson, Elijah Wood, elves and orcs.
updated 10:14 AM EDT, Thu October 23, 2014
A 15-year-old pregnant girl is rescued from slavery, only to be charged with having sex outside of marriage, shocked rights activists say -- a charge potentially punishable by death.
updated 11:33 PM EDT, Tue October 21, 2014
After sushi and ramen, beef is on the list of must-eats for many visitors to Japan.
updated 12:07 PM EDT, Mon October 20, 2014
Airports judged on comfort, conveniences, cleanliness and customer service.
updated 1:48 PM EDT, Wed October 22, 2014
Scientists use CT scans to recreate a life-size image of the ancient king.
updated 5:59 AM EDT, Wed October 22, 2014
Despite billions spent on eradicating poppy production, Afghan farmers are growing bumper crops, a U.S. government report says.
updated 6:21 AM EDT, Fri October 24, 2014
Each day, CNN brings you an image capturing a moment to remember, defining the present in our changing world.
Browse through images from CNN teams around the world that you don't always see on news reports.
ADVERTISEMENT