(CNN)Here's a look at what you need to know about court-martial. The word court-martial refers to both the name of the court where charges are brought against members of the military and the proceedings themselves.
In the United States, the laws of court-martial are set forth in the Uniform Code of Military Justice.
General Court-Martial - The most serious court-martial. It consists of a military judge and usually at least five jury members (military personnel). These proceedings can only be convened by the president, secretary of defense, the commanding officer of a major military installation, or by a general or flag officer. They hold the possibility of a sentence of dishonorable discharge or death.
-"Any commissioned officer on active duty is eligible to serve on all courts-martial for the trial of any person who may lawfully be brought before such courts for trial."