(CNN)Here's a look at South Sudan, a landlocked country in east-central Africa, bordering Sudan, Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Central African Republic. In 2011, South Sudan gained its independence from Sudan.
(from the CIA World Factbook)
Area: 644,329 sq km, slightly smaller than Texas
The country is poverty-stricken despite containing vast oil reserves.
January 1, 1956 - Sudan gains its independence after an agreement between the United Kingdom and Egypt.