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Running updates from the Zimmerman trial

By Graham Winch, HLNTV.com
updated 4:32 PM EDT, Tue July 9, 2013
George Zimmerman is congratulated by members of his defense team, Don West and Lorna Truett, after the not guilty verdict is read on Saturday, July 13, in Sanford, Florida. A jury of six women found him not guilty in the shooting death of Trayvon Martin. <a href='http://www.cnn.com/2013/07/13/justice/gallery/zimmerman-trial-reaction/index.html' target='_blank'>View photos of the public reaction to the verdict.</a> George Zimmerman is congratulated by members of his defense team, Don West and Lorna Truett, after the not guilty verdict is read on Saturday, July 13, in Sanford, Florida. A jury of six women found him not guilty in the shooting death of Trayvon Martin. View photos of the public reaction to the verdict.
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STORY HIGHLIGHTS
  • The trial of George Zimmerman has entered its 11th day
  • A neighbor and Sanford's city manager testify Tuesday afternoon
  • Forensic pathologist Dr. Vincent Di Maio testifies on injuries to Martin and Zimmerman
  • The judge delays ruling on whether to allow a 3D animation of the shooting into evidence

(HLN) -- HLN, CNN's sister network, is covering the George Zimmerman trial, gavel to gavel. Zimmerman is charged with second-degree murder in the death of 17-year-old Trayvon Martin on February 26, 2012. Here is testimony from Tuesday:

[Updated at 4:21 p.m. ET]

The judge is dismissing the jury so attorneys can take up some legal matters outside of their presence.

[Updated at 4:16 p.m. ET]

The attorneys are at a sidebar.

[Updated at 4:15 p.m. ET]

Dilligard says she has never heard Martin's voice, just Zimmerman's voice. The witness has been excused.

[Updated at 4:13 p.m. ET]

Defense attorney O'Mara has finished his direct examination and prosecutor de la Rionda has started his questions.

[Updated at 4:12 p.m. ET]

Zimmerman's truck was parked on Retreat View Circle, just to the left of the "T" in the sidewalk, according to Dilligard. O'Mara asks if it could have been the second street in and she says it could have been.

[Updated at 4:10 p.m. ET]

Dilligard says she came in through the main entrance and the crime scene tape she observed was to her left, or the east.

[Updated at 4:07 p.m. ET]

Defense attorney O'Mara is trying to show Dilligard a map of the neighborhood but she's having trouble seeing it. He decides to move on.

[Updated at 4:04 p.m. ET]

Dilligard first heard the 911 call with the screams on the local news. She has heard the call several times.

"I heard the voice screaming in the background and of the two that we are discussing ... I only heard George talk," Dilligard said. At that point, she had known Zimmerman two and a half years.

[Updated at 4:03 p.m. ET]

An FBI agent left a card on Dilligard's door, requesting that she call, which she did. He went to her house with another agent to interview her.

[Updated at 4:01 p.m. ET]

Dilligard says she was present when a couple of neighbors -- two males and a female -- gave their verbal statements to police. She says she gave police her name and phone number but didn't give a statement.

[Updated at 3:55 p.m. ET]

Dilligard wanted to know where Zimmerman's wife was so she went to their residence and knocked but no one came to the door. The attorneys are at a sidebar.

[Updated at 4:00 p.m. ET]

Zimmerman's wife pulled up to the house, had a brief conversation with Dilligard and then went to the scene.

[Updated at 3:53 p.m. ET]

In reference to the other photo the police officer showed her: "I did not know the person's name. I had seen him in passing probably earlier that day but I didn't know who he was." She says she now knows it was Martin.

[Updated at 3:52 p.m. ET]

"His nose was very bloody and to me it looked very disfigured like it was somewhat to the left or right. But I know it was not the way I knew him. The nose was very disfigured and a lot of blood coming from it," Dilligard said.

[Updated at 3:51 p.m. ET]

A police officer told Dilligard, "We're trying to find someone who may know the people involved in the shooting." She says he had a cell phone and showed two pictures to her and several neighbors standing with her. She says she identified one person as Zimmerman, who had a bloody nose.

[Updated at 3:48 p.m. ET]

Dilligard describes what she saw when she came upon the scene: Lots of people standing around, some near the police tape. She says she looked for Zimmerman because she saw his truck.

[Updated at 3:44 p.m. ET]

Dilligard was returning from Walmart when she thought she was being pulled over by police. She realized they were just trying to pass her to get to her neighborhood. She saw Zimmerman's truck nearing the curb "down by where the crime scene was."

[Updated at 3:42 p.m. ET]

The defense calls Eloise Dilligard. She is testifying via webcam because she is sick, according to O'Mara. She was a neighbor of Zimmerman's. She says she knew him as a "friendly neighbor."

[Updated at 3:38 p.m. ET]

Defense attorney O'Mara has connected with the witness on his iPad and is testing if the witness can see documents. O'Mara says this is his last witness for the day and they will continue with a hearing on additional witnesses later this afternoon. He tells the judge the defense will be finished tomorrow. The jury is being seated.

[Updated at 3:32 p.m. ET]

The judge is on the bench and the defense is preparing for its next witness, who will be testifying remotely. Zimmerman tells the judge he has approved of this method for talking to the next witness.

[Updated 3:10 p.m. ET]

The judge has recessed the court for 15 minutes.

[Updated 3:09 p.m. ET]

The defense says it has a witness who they want to appear "in a unique way." The attorneys are at a sidebar.

[Updated 3:08 p.m. ET]

The Martin family attorneys were present, not city attorneys, according to Bonaparte. Defense attorney O'Mara has finished his direct examination.

"The bottom line is, it was the decent thing to do to play it for the family before it was released to the public?" asked prosecutor de la Rionda.

"That was our intent," Bonaparte said.

[Updated 3:06 p.m. ET]

The Martin family said they didn't want law enforcement present when the tapes were played, according to Bonaparte. He also says the 911 tape with the screams was played more than once at the request of the family. No audio or video was recorded the meeting.

[Updated 3:04 p.m. ET]

Bonaparte says they didn't consult police before playing the tapes for the Martin family. The tapes were going to be made public, so Bonaparte says they played them for the family as a courtesy.

[Updated 3:02 p.m. ET]

The defense has called Norton Bonaparte to the witness stand. He was the Sanford city manager and is talking about tapes from the case being played for the Martin family.

[Updated at 2:59 p.m. ET]

The attorneys are at a sidebar.

[Updated at 2:58 p.m. ET]

Di Maio says that just because a witness didn't hear any banging or hitting doesn't mean Zimmerman's head wasn't hit against the concrete. This witness has been excused.

[Updated at 2:57 p.m. ET]

Di Maio agrees that Zimmerman is a witness in this case.

"That's why you don't believe him, you do the tests and look at the autopsy," said Di Maio, to see if what he says matches the evidence.

[Updated at 2:54 p.m. ET]

"You're supposed to take the photograph of the wound intact before you clean it and so there was a big no-no there," Di Maio said. "The whole chest is clean and such. The techniques weren't exactly correct, let's put it that way."

[Updated at 2:51 p.m. ET]

Di Maio is looking at photos of Martin's body. He says that a stream of blood was trickling down Martin's body on the scene and was later washed away. Di Maio says the sweatshirt could have wiped the blood away as it was being pulled off.

[Updated at 2:48 p.m. ET]

The attorneys are at a sidebar.

[Updated at 2:46 p.m. ET]

Defense attorney West points out that Martin's hands were exposed to the elements. Di Maio agrees that rain could affect what evidence was collected from Matin's hands. He also says a pathologist should be with the body the entire time and not trust duties to an unsupervised assistant.

[Updated at 2:44 p.m. ET]

"You get an impact to the nose, you eventually bleed but I can't tell you if you're going to bleed immediately or not," said Di Maio. Where the blood goes could depend on the position your head is in, according to Di Maio. He says that absence of evidence doesn't mean anything. Zimmerman's blood was not found on Martin's hands.

[Updated at 2:41 p.m. ET]

Di Maio says evidence in this case wasn't handled properly, especially Martin's black hoodie, which was bagged in plastic and then placed in paper. Defense attorney West points out that it smelled strongly of mold when the bag was opened.

[Updated at 2:40 p.m. ET]

Defense attorney West asks if someone who is having this happen to them would be able to know, in the moment, whether it's life-threatening or not.

"No, because they're stunned and they're in pain and fear -- you can't interpret," said Di Maio. He also says the police should have taken Zimmerman to the hospital because he had head trauma. Di Maio says if Zimmerman would have died at the police station, his family would have won a lawsuit. He says this happens all the time in prisons.

[Updated at 2:37 p.m. ET]

"The type of injury he (Zimmerman) would get would be more of a 'stunning,'" said Di Maio, not a concussion. He says most people wouldn't recognize the signs of a concussion, especially a subtle one.

[Updated at 2:34 p.m. ET]

Di Maio says they would like forensic nurses in emergency rooms in order to properly document injuries, "but nobody wants to spend the money." He also says it wouldn't be surprising at all that Zimmerman's physician assistant would have seen black eyes the next day when she examined him.

[Updated at 2:32 p.m. ET]

The two lacerations on the back of Zimmerman's head are consistent with striking against concrete, according to Di Maio. He also says Zimmerman would have to be upright, sitting, and go back violently in order to get the lacerations from a tree trunk.

"The cement is more plausible, especially when you look at the injuries on the side of the head, which wouldn't be tree trunk," said Di Maio.

[Updated at 2:29 p.m. ET]

Di Maio says the testimony of another eyewitness, John Good, is consistent with the evidence. Good said Martin was on top of Zimmerman before the shot was fired, in a "ground and pound" type of position, striking Zimmerman.

[Updated at 2:28 p.m. ET]

West is describing the testimony of another witness who said Zimmerman was on top and Martin was face-down when the shot was fired.

"No sir, it's not possible," said Di Maio. West says this is another example of a witness who had good intentions but got it wrong.

[Updated at 2:25 p.m. ET]

"I'm not going to base my opinions on the witnesses because witnesses are wrong all the time," said Di Maio. He says he bases his opinions on the evidence and facts.

[Updated at 2:24 p.m. ET]

Notes that Di Maio has with him include specific numbers, including Martin's height and weight, his BMI and the location of the gunshot wound. He also says four pages of his notes include photographs he thinks are important to the case.

"Do you need your notes to form your opinions once you have the facts before you?" asked defense attorney West.

"Oh no, no," Di Maio said.

[Updated at 2:22 p.m. ET]

Di Maio says Zimmerman was right-handed. The prosecutor has finished his cross-examination.

[Updated at 2:19 p.m. ET]

Zimmerman's account was consistent with the gunshot wound evidence, according to Di Maio. But he also agrees Martin could have been pulling away from Zimmerman as he was shot.

[Updated at 2:17 p.m. ET]

Di Maio says he believes Zimmerman's nose was broken and that either Zimmerman or someone on scene could have popped it back into place. Di Maio says that if it was just swelling on Zimmerman's, it shouldn't have gone down in only four hours.

[Updated at 2:16 p.m. ET]

Di Maio says if the evidence isn't dried first, you'll get mold and bacteria, which could damage the DNA. He's not surprised that the mishandled clothing had DNA on it.

[Updated at 2:14 p.m. ET]

Prosecutor de la Rionda asks Di Maio about Martin's hoodie. Di Maio agrees that people normally wear them large and that if something was in the front pocket, then the hoodie might be pulled down.

[Updated at 2:12 p.m. ET]

Di Maio agrees that the only two witnesses of the shooting are Zimmerman and Martin.

[Updated at 2:11 p.m. ET]

Di Maio says it could be difficult for you to breathe or swallow if you're on your back with a bloody nose and the blood is going back into your throat.

[Updated at 2:10 p.m. ET]

Prosecutor de la Rionda shows Di Maio a picture of Zimmerman's bloody nose. Di Maio says you would expect blood on the hand if you put it over that nose.

[Updated at 2:08 p.m. ET]

Zimmerman wouldn't have died from the lacerations to the back of his head, they're just "indicative of a hard impact," says Di Maio. One laceration was less than an inch, while the other was less than a 1/5 of an inch, according to Di Maio. Prosecutor de la Rionda demonstrates the sizes using his thumb and forefinger.

[Updated at 2:03 p.m. ET]

Di Maio agrees that the best person to document a person's injuries can be the medical professional who sees them in the flesh the next day. But he says their observations may not be accurate.

"Doctors aren't interested in the injuries, they're interested in treating the patient," said Di Maio.

[Updated at 2:00 p.m. ET]

Di Maio says you may or may not get bruises on your knuckles from punching someone.

"In other words, George Zimmerman could have hit Trayvon Martin and not left any bruising on his knuckles?" asked de la Rionda.

"That's correct, sir," Di Maio said.

[Updated at 1:57 p.m. ET]

Prosecutor de la Rionda is asking if a tree branch could have caused the injuries to the back of Zimmerman's head. Di Maio says "wood gives." De la Rionda is showing Di Maio a photo of the trees at the scene.

"You could have one of the injuries due to bumping against the tree, that's correct," said Di Maio. He also agrees that the injuries could have occurred as the two were rolling around on the grass and concrete.

[Updated at 1:54 p.m. ET]

Di Maio can't say for sure what angle Martin was positioned at on top of Zimmerman, just that Martin was over Zimmerman when he was shot. He doesn't believe the two were standing at the time of the shooting, based on the evidence. He agrees that Martin could have been pulling away from Zimmerman when he was shot.

[Updated at 1:51 p.m. ET]

Di Maio says he can't say if the gun was pulled out of the holster by Zimmerman, just that there was a shot to Martin's chest.

"You can't tell that by any scientific method," said Di Maio.

[Updated at 1:50 p.m. ET]

"If you pulled my heart out now, I could keep talking and talking and talking ... without a heart?" asked de la Rionda.

"That's right," said Di Maio.

"For about 15 seconds or so?" asked de la Rionda.

"Right, it's between 10 and 15 seconds, it's dependent on the oxygen supply to the head," said Di Maio.

[Updated at 1:47 p.m. ET]

The rate for Di Maio's services is the same for every case: $400 per hour. He says he has charged the defense, up until yesterday, $2,400.

"This is not exactly a complicated case, forensically," Di Maio said.

[Updated at 1:45 p.m. ET]

Di Maio says he has testified all over the world and for both the prosecution and the defense.

[Updated at 1:43 p.m. ET]

Di Maio agrees that Zimmerman had a self-interest when talking with police and re-enacting the shooting. He also agrees that Zimmerman was the only one armed that night and that he had a gun and a flashlight. De la Rionda approaches Di Maio and shows him Zimmerman's flashlight.

"I wouldn't consider it a really dangerous weapon. ... I think it might cause a bruise but it's just not heavy enough to be significant," Di Maio said.

[Updated at 1:40 p.m. ET]

Often the information with the witnesses goes more towards the manner of death, rather than the cause of death," said Di Maio. He says that jurors should evaluate what the witnesses have to say but it's not important for him in his assessment.

[Updated at 1:38 p.m. ET]

Di Maio says you don't need all the facts in every case. It depends on the case. Prosecutor de la Rionda says Di Maio focused on the defendant's statement. He agrees, saying he wanted to see if it was consistent with what he found. "The rest, I can't say," Di Maio said.

[Updated at 1:35 p.m. ET]

Prosecutor de la Rionda makes a joke that he shares something with Di Maio -- a bald head. Several people in the courtroom laugh at that.

Di Maio says he can't testify as to who threw the first punch or if there even was a first punch.

[Updated at 1:32 p.m. ET]

The attorneys are at a sidebar.

[Updated at 1:31 p.m. ET]

The judge is back on the bench and the jury is being seated

[Updated at 12:32 p.m. ET]

Judge Nelson has recessed court for lunch. The live blog will pick back up at 1:30 p.m. ET when testimony resumes.

[Updated at 12:31 p.m. ET]

West asked if there could have been more impacts to Zimmerman's head. Di Maio said the photos indicate 6 blows to Zimmerman's head, but there could have been more. The attorneys are at a sidebar with the judge.

[Updated at 12:28 p.m. ET]

Di Maio said one photo seems to show that Zimmerman's broken nose that appears to have been pushed back in place.

[Updated at 12:25 p.m. ET]

Di Maio said photos of Zimmerman's injury to his nose is consistent with a broken nose. He also said it was consistent with being punched in the face.

[Updated at 12:21 p.m. ET]

West is showing a picture of the right side of Zimmerman's head. Di Maio said these injuries are consistent with blunt force trauma.

[Updated at 12:17 p.m. ET]

Di Maio said the multiple blows to Zimmerman's head could have amounted to symptoms consistent with a concussion.

[Updated at 12:14 p.m. ET]

Di Maio said the lacerations on Zimmerman's head is a indicator that his head hit something with great force.

[Updated at 12:10 p.m. ET]

Di Maio is talking about when you head hits a flat surface it is difficult to create a laceration.

[Updated at 12:08 p.m. ET]

West is displaying an injury to back of Zimmerman's head on the overhead projector.

[Updated at 12:05 p.m. ET]

"If you fall and hit your head you can get a minor concussion," said Di Maio.

[Updated at 12:04 p.m. ET]

Di Maio is explaining different types of brain injuries to the jury.

[Updated at 12:02 p.m. ET]

Di Maio said he reviewed photographs of Zimmerman's injuries from the alleged altercation with Martin.

[Updated at 11:59 a.m. ET]

West has moved on to injuries Zimmerman sustained the night of the shooting.

[Updated at 11:58 a.m. ET]

Di Maio said Martin would have lost consciousness between 10 and 15 second after being shot, and may have been able to talk make voluntary movement in those 10 to 15 seconds.

[Updated at 11:57 a.m. ET]

"He is going to be dead between one and three minutes after being shot," said DiMaio.

[Updated at 11:53 a.m. ET]

"In this case you have a through-and-through hole of the right ventricle, and then you have a least one hole if not two into the right lung. So you are losing blood, and every time the heart contracts it pumps blood the two holes in the ventricle and at least one hole in the lung. So you are losing blood. If you engage in a struggle, which is what was supposed to have happened, your heart increases. Mr. Martin was a healthy young man. If he was involved in a struggle you expect his heart to be going, beating, especially after he had been shot, more than a 100 times minute." Di Maio said. "You are losing 1,500 cc's in a minute. That's about a quarter of his blood supply. In a second minute, if you can assume the same rate. Actually, the heart would probably be beating faster for the second minute. He is going to lose another 1,500. Well, that means he has lost more than 50 percent of his blood supply."

[Updated at 11:47 a.m. ET]

West has now moved on to asking Di Maio about how long Martin was conscious and alive after the shot was fired.

[Updated at 11:43 a.m. ET]

Di Maio said the medical evidence is consistent with Zimmerman's explanation of how he shot Martin.

[Updated at 11:39 a.m. ET]

West asked, "Is this a hard call for you?"

"No, this is basic, you know, 101," Di Maio said.

[Updated at 11:36 a.m. ET]

Di Maio is explaining that if the gun had pressed up against Martin's body the injury and the hole in Martin's clothing would have looked differently.

[Updated at 11:35 a.m. ET]

The powder follows the bullet as it is fired according to Di Maio.

[Updated at 11:34 a.m. ET]

The pattern of the powder tattooing on Martin's body took up an area about 2 inches by 2 inches.

[Updated at 11:33 a.m. ET]

The pattern of the powder tattooing helps pathologist determine how far away the gun barrel was away from the body when it was fired.

[Updated at 11:31 a.m. ET]

Di Maio is showing the jury a picture of the bullet entrance wound on Martin's body. There is a tattooing of small puncture wounds around the bullet hole. The powder coming out of the gun barrel created the small puncture wounds.

[Updated at 11:29 a.m. ET]

Di Maio said the barrel was against the clothing, but two to four inches away from Martin's skin or body.

[Updated at 11:26 a.m. ET]

"The photographs (of Martin's clothing) show a contact discharge of the weapon against the clothing," said Di Maio. "At the time of discharge, the gun was against the clothing. The gas came out tore the clothing."

[Updated at 11:23 a.m. ET]

Zimmerman's video re-enactment of the shooting was played for Di Maio, and he reviewed the physical evidence to make sure if either supported his story or contradicted Zimmerman.

[Updated at 11:20 a.m. ET]

Di Maio is explaining the evidence he reviewed in Zimmerman's case.

[Updated at 11:18 a.m. ET]

Judge Nelson says Di Maio's resume will be admitted into evidence.

[Updated at 11:15 a.m. ET]

West is having Di Maio review his resume, and has asked moved it into the evidence. The attorneys at a sidebar with the judge.

[Updated at 11:13 a.m. ET]

"If you take a gun with a blank cartridge and put it against your chest the gas formed, which will tear right through your skin and muscle into your lung. People will kid around and put it to their head. They are going to die," said Di Maio. You don't need the bullet to kill you with a contact wounds."

[Updated at 11:09 a.m. ET]

If a gun is fired close to clothing the gas coming out of the gun will actually tear the clothing before the bullet, according to Di Maio.

[Updated at 11:06 a.m. ET]

West asked Di Maio to explain the mechanics of what happens in a gun when a bullet is fired.

[Updated at 11:04 a.m. ET]

Di Maio has been in private practice as a consultant since January of 2007.

[Updated at 11:01 a.m. ET]

Di Maio has worked as a pathologist for about 40 years, and he has preformed about 9,000 autopsies and has reviewed more than 20,000 other autopsies conducted by other doctors.

[Updated at 10:58 a.m. ET]

Di Maio has participated in about 88 peer reviewed articles about pathology.

[Updated at 10:55 a.m. ET]

Di Maio said he wrote a book about gunshots, and he has also written a handbook for pathology.

[Updated at 10:53 a.m. ET]

West is asking Di Maio to run through the different academic appointments he has had through his career. Di Maio worked as a professor at the University of Texas.

[Updated at 10:51 a.m. ET]

Di Maio is talking about how he started one of the first DNA crime labs West of the Mississippi.

[Updated at 10:48 a.m. ET]

West asked Di Maio to explain his experience in the field of pathology.

[Updated at 10:45 a.m. ET]

Di Maio is explaining the field of pathology to the jury, and how it is the study of disease in the body.

[Updated at 10:43 a.m. ET]

Dr. Di Maio graduated from medical school in 1965.

[Updated at 10:41 a.m. ET]

The jury is seated, and the defense has called forensic pathologist Dr. Vincent Di Maio to the stand.

[Updated at 10:37 a.m. ET]

The defense team is preparing some visual aids for the next witness. The jury is being seated.

[Updated at 10:35 a.m. ET]

Judge Nelson is asking Zimmerman if he had conversation about how his attorney will only ask one of the defense experts certain questions. Zimmerman said yes, he did discuss the matter with O'Mara and understands the decision his defense is making. Testimony should resume shortly.

[Updated at 10:31 a.m. ET]

The attorneys are at a sidebar with the judge.

[Updated at 10:28 a.m. ET]

The judge will continue the evidentiary hearing regarding the computer animation after court as the prosecutor's questioning of the defense expert will take at least 45 minutes. She wants to get the testimony started, so defense will call its next witness shortly.

[Updated at 10:17 a.m. ET]

Court has recessed for five minutes.

[Updated at 10:14 a.m. ET]

O'Mara said he uses a software that is also used by police departments to create the 3D animations.

[Updated at 10:12 a.m. ET]

The problem with the overhead projector seems to be the fact that Schumaker's 3D animation is on a Mac.

[Updated at 10:08 a.m ET]

O'Mara is asking Schumaker to explain at the judge's bench how he used the evidence in the case to build the 3D animation. The cameras in the courtroom cannot shoot the animation due to the angle of the laptop.

[Updated at 10:03 a.m. ET]

The overhead projector wouldn't work. So Schumaker is showing the Mantei and the judge the animation at the bench.

[Updated at 9:59 a.m. ET]

Schumaker said he had everything he needed to create the 3D animation in the Zimmerman case. He is about to play the 3D animation for the court.

[Updated at 9:54 a.m. ET]

Schumaker said he put motion capture suits on a couple of volunteers from O'Mara's law firm.

[Updated at 9:51 a.m. ET]

O'Mara asked Schumaker to list the evidence he used to create the 3D animation in the Zimmerman case.

"The discovery from the district attorneys office, photographs, corner photographs, corner reports, and police reports, audio from the 911 calls," Schumaker said.

[Updated at 9:48 a.m. ET]

Schumaker said he was able to work audio from 911 calls into the 3D animation in Zimmerman's case.

[Updated at 9:47 a.m. ET]

"The scope of work was to do a reconstruction of the scene with the information we had and the creation of an animated timeline," Schumaker said.

[Updated at 9:44 a.m. ET]

Schumaker has worked on 59 criminal cases in total. He has also worked on a variety of civil cases.

[Updated at 9:41 a.m ET]

O'Mara asked Schumaker to explain fact patterns of other cases he has worked on in the past.

[Updated at 9:39 a.m. ET]

Schumaker says he has never testified in a case outside of California.

[Updated at 9:36 a.m. ET]

Schumaker has worked on shooting cases involving civil suits against police officers.

[Updated at 9:33 a.m. ET]

O'Mara is asking Schumaker to give an overview of the types of cases he been involved with. He said he is unsure about how many shooting cases he has worked on.

[Updated at 9:30 a.m. ET]

Schumaker has worked and testified in about 20 criminal cases since 2008.

[Updated at 9:27 a.m. ET]

O'Mara is asking Schumaker if understands how the software works. He says he doesn't know the math or physics behind the software, but he knows it is certified to work. He says the technology he uses is used in movies like "Iron Man."

[Updated at 9:24 a.m. ET]

Schumaker is explaining how he enters defendants and victims height and weight into consideration when recreating a potential crime with a 3D animation.

[Updated at 9:21 a.m. ET]

O'Mara is asking Schumaker how he calibrates the accuracy of the motion capture suit.

[Updated at 9:18 a.m. ET]

Schumaker is explaining how he has a helicopter drone he can use to map a 3D map, but he hasn't used it in this case.

[Updated at 9:15 a.m. ET]

Schumaker is explaining the training he has had to use the software to create 3D animations.

[Updated at 9:13 a.m. ET]

The 3D animation could not be played on the overhead projector for some reason. So Schumaker is showing the judge and prosecutor Mantei the animation on his laptop at the judge's bench.

[Updated at 9:08 a.m. ET]

There seems to be a technical issue with playing the 3D animation.

[Updated at 9:06 a.m. ET]

Schumaker is about to play a 3D animation he made in a previous case.

[Updated at 9:04 a.m. ET]

Schumaker is explaining how he has used a motion capture suit in a past case he worked on.

[Updated at 9:02 a.m. ET]

O'Mara is asking Schumaker to explain how software works that interprets the data from a motion capture suit.

[Updated at 8:59 a.m. ET]

Schumaker uses a motion capture suit to digitally record someone's movements in real time.

[Updated at 8:57 a.m. ET]

Schumaker uses a camera with lasers that can map or measure a room or crime scene in three dimensions precisely.

[Updated at 8:54 a.m. ET]

O'Mara is asking Schumaker to explain the software he uses to create 3D animations.

[Updated at 8:52 a.m. ET]

Schumaker has working on crime reconstructions for 13 years.

[Updated at 8:50 a.m. ET]

Schumaker is going over his resume and education. He said he takes police reports, ballistic reports, and makes his own measurements to create 3D animations of how crimes occurred.

[Updated at 8:48 a.m. ET]

The defense has called Daniel Schumaker. He built the animation of shooting for the defense.

[Updated at 8:45 a.m. ET]

Judge Nelson said she wants to continue with the hearing about admissibility of the defense's animation. She told the defense attorneys they have the burden so they need to call their first witness.

[Updated at 8:44 a.m. ET]

O'Mara said animations are often used in criminal cases, and he doesn't understand why there is an admissibility issue.

[Updated at 8:41 a.m. ET]

O'Mara said the prosecution has a problem with the fact that their experts are saying the the bullet entered Martin's body at a 90 degree angle combined with how far away the gun was away from Martin's body. One defense expert is going to say the gun was two to four inches away from Martin's body.

[Updated at 8:37 a.m. ET]

The judge is reading a document right now.

[Updated at 8:35 a.m. ET]

Mantei is discussing something with defense attorney Mark O'Mara right now.

[Updated at 8:32 a.m. ET]

Prosecutor Rich Mantei is objecting to the defense's 3D animation being presented, because the defense is wants to show it to the jury before an expert testifies whose opinion the animation is based on. Mantei wants a hearing to flesh out all the objections he has for the animation.

[Updated at 8:31 a.m. ET]

Judge Nelson is on the bench, and the hearing should begin soon.

[Updated at 8:15 a.m. ET]

Court should reconvene at 8:30 a.m. when the judge is expected to rule on the state's objections to the defense's computer animation of the fatal shooting

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