Mother: Sarah (Rosenberg) Livni
Marriage: Naftali Shpitzer (1984-present)
Children: Omri and Yuval (both male)
Education: Bar-Ilan University, L.L.B., 1985
Military service: Israeli Defense Forces, early 1980s
Livni's parents were fighters in the Irgun Zvai Leumi, a right-wing Zionist guerilla group that fought against the British occupation of Palestine in the 1940s.
Nicknamed "Mrs. Clean" for her reputation as being uncorrupt.
Former member of the Likud Party.
Second female foreign minister of Israel. Golda Meir was the first (1956-1966).
1980 - Livni joins the Israeli intelligence agency Mossad and is posted in Paris.
1984 - Begins law school in Israel.
1986-1996 - Practices law, specializing in the areas of commercial, constitutional and real estate law.
1996 - Loses her first campaign for a seat in the Knesset (Israeli parliament).
1996-1999 - Director general of the Government Companies Authority.
1999 - Elected to the Knesset. Serves on the Constitution, Law and Justice Committee and the Committee on the Status of Women.
2001 - Is appointed minister of regional cooperation and agriculture.
2003 - Is appointed minister of immigrant absorption, housing and construction and justice and foreign affairs.
2005 - Livni joins the Kadima, a political party created by Ariel Sharon.
May 2006 - Is appointed deputy prime minister.
November 2006-February 2007 - Serves as minister of justice.
September 18, 2008 -
Elected leader of the Kadima party, replacing Ehud Olmert.
February 2009 -
Livni's Kadima party wins 28 seats in Israel's parliamentary elections. However, Livni is unable to put together a coalition government. President Shimon Peres
asks Benjamin Netanyahu
to form a government, causing Livni to lose the prime ministership.
March 2009 - Livni steps down as foreign minister and becomes the leader of the opposition in parliament.
May 2011 - Livni calls on Prime Minister Netanyahu to resign, saying he has harmed the important relationship between Israel and the United States.
March 28, 2012 - Loses her fight to remain head of Kadima, Israel's main opposition party. She is defeated by former Israel Defense Forces Chief Shaul Mofaz, who took 62% of the votes to Livni's 38%.
May 1, 2012 -
Livni resigns from the Knesset after losing the Kadima party's leadership in March.
June 14, 2012 - Following statements suggesting that the Kadima party will not exist for the next Knesset election, a petition circulates seeking Livni's removal from the party.
June 20, 2012 - Joins Desert Queens, an Israeli all-women adventure competition in India.
November 27, 2012 - Forms the Hatnua party. Hatnua means "the movement" in Hebrew.
February 19, 2013 -
Livni's Hatnua party joins Prime Minister Netanyahu's coalition government and takes the role of justice minister.
May 2013 - Livni is re-elected to the Knesset.
July 29, 2013-April 25, 2014 -
Chief negotiator for Israel during the peace talks
with Palestinians organized by U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry.
December 10, 2014 - Announces run for the position of prime minister along with Isaac Herzog as the Zionist Union ticket.
March 18, 2015 -
Herzog and Livni concede defeat
and lose the election.