Skip to main content

Tensions easing in the South China Sea?

By Katie Hunt, for CNN
updated 4:56 AM EDT, Mon July 1, 2013
US destroyer USS Fitzgerald arrives at the former US naval base in Subic Bay, Philippines last month to join exercises close to the Scarborough Shoal, a disputed area of the South China Sea.
US destroyer USS Fitzgerald arrives at the former US naval base in Subic Bay, Philippines last month to join exercises close to the Scarborough Shoal, a disputed area of the South China Sea.
STORY HIGHLIGHTS
  • China agrees formal talks with ASEAN countries over code of conduct
  • Move could ease maritime tensions in South China Sea
  • But analysts warn there is no quick fix to the dispute
  • They add China is likely to drag feet in negotiations

Hong Kong (CNN) -- China has agreed to hold formal talks with its southeast Asian neighbors about establishing a "code of conduct" to ease maritime tensions in the South China Sea, a major step forward in the long-running dispute.

A statement issued after a weekend meeting of foreign ministers from the 10-member Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and China in Brunei, said the countries "aim to reach a conclusion of a Code of Conduct in the South China Sea, which will service to enhance peace, stability and prosperity in the region."

The South China Sea is home to messy mix of rival territorial claims, with China, Brunei, Malaysia, the Philippines, Taiwan and Vietnam disputing sovereignty of island chains and nearby waters. The areas in dispute include fertile fishing grounds and potentially rich reserves of undersea natural resources.

Asia's disputed islands -- who claims what?

However, analysts said the move was unlikely to yield a quick fix for one of the region's biggest flash points.

Disputed islands buzzing with activity
Disputed islands in East China Sea

Stephanie Kleine-Ahlbrandt, Northeast Asia Director at the International Crisis Group in Beijing, said that it was a "positive development" and a code of conduct was urgently needed as China steps up its law enforcement patrols and military exercises in the South China Sea.

"It also provides substance to Beijing's rhetoric that its relations with Southeast Asian countries remain a foreign policy priority," she said.

"But this is only a first step, and there is a long way before an effective code can be developed and implemented. Beijing has a record of suspending talks as soon as tensions with rival claimant countries flare -- precisely when talks are most needed."

China has previously stated that it wishes to deal bilaterally with disputes in the South China Sea but a multitude of domestic problems, and the headway the U.S. is making in the region as part of its "pivot" to Asia, means China's new leaders have decided that now is not the time to press issue, Kleine-Ahlbrandt added.

Speaking to ASEAN foreign ministers on Monday, U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry said he supported a "substantive" code of conduct to deal with the overlapping territorial claims. His predecessor, Hilary Clinton, repeatedly emphasized the need for a multi-lateral solution to the problem.

"As a pacific nation, and a resident power, the United States has a national interest in the maintenance of peace and stability, respect for international law, unimpeded lawful commerce and freedom of navigation in the South China Sea," Kerry said, according to the Straits Times.

"As we have said many times before, while we do not take a position on competing territorial claims over land features, we have a strong interest in the manners in which the disputes of the South China Sea are addressed, and in the conduct of the parties."

Friction between China and the Philippines has intensified this year following several naval standoffs, with Manila challenging Beijing's claims to waters off the Philippines at an international arbitration tribunal.

Ian Storey, senior follow at the Institute for Southeast Asian Studies in Singapore, says a code of conduct is a way to manage, not solve, the dispute and China is likely to drag out talks.

It has already asked for the formation of an "experts committee" to advise on the drafting on the code of conduct that could slow negotiations, he added.

"Even at the end of the process, the final agreement is unlikely to be this formal, binding, effective and robust agreement that people are hoping to see. "

ADVERTISEMENT
Part of complete coverage on
updated 9:02 PM EDT, Mon October 20, 2014
A 15-year-old pregnant girl is rescued from slavery, only to be charged with having sex outside of marriage, shocked rights activists say -- a charge potentially punishable by death.
updated 11:33 PM EDT, Tue October 21, 2014
After sushi and ramen, beef is on the list of must-eats for many visitors to Japan.
updated 12:07 PM EDT, Mon October 20, 2014
Airports judged on comfort, conveniences, cleanliness and customer service.
updated 1:48 PM EDT, Wed October 22, 2014
Scientists use CT scans to recreate a life-size image of the ancient king.
updated 5:59 AM EDT, Wed October 22, 2014
Despite billions spent on eradicating poppy production, Afghan farmers are growing bumper crops, a U.S. government report says.
updated 9:19 AM EDT, Mon October 20, 2014
With so many new attractions on the way, the next few years are going to be a roller coaster ride.
updated 12:29 AM EDT, Thu October 16, 2014
Thomas Malthus famously predicted that rising populations would create a food crunch: Could this be true?
updated 5:45 AM EDT, Tue October 21, 2014
The lives of everyone close to Oscar Pistorius and the girl he killed are changed forever, his siblings say.
updated 10:02 AM EDT, Wed October 22, 2014
Gene Simmons reflects on 40 years of KISS, and how even rock royalty needs sound business principles.
updated 6:33 AM EDT, Sat October 18, 2014
From "Sick Man of Europe" to the world's fourth largest economy.
updated 5:15 AM EDT, Wed October 22, 2014
Each day, CNN brings you an image capturing a moment to remember, defining the present in our changing world.
Browse through images from CNN teams around the world that you don't always see on news reports.
ADVERTISEMENT