British Open Golf Tournament Fast Facts

(CNN)Here's a look at the British Open.

Facts:
The British Open is one of the four Grand Slam golf tournaments; the others are the Masters, the PGA Championships, and the U.S. Open.

One hundred and fifty-six players compete in the British Open.

The tournament's official name is the Open Championship.

The top 70 players qualify for the final 36 holes.

July 12-20, 2015 - The 144th Open Championship takes place at the Old Course, a sprawl of green hills surrounded by castles in St. Andrews, Scotland. The city is frequently cited as the home of golf because an early version of the sport was played there during the 15th century. Inclement weather delays the final round and the contest gets extended to Monday. In the event's 155-year history, the finals were held on a Monday only once before, in 1988. Zach Johnson wins the tournament after a three-way playoff. The grand prize is the Golf Champion Trophy, nicknamed the Claret Jug, and $1.8 million.

Timeline:
October 17, 1860 -
The first British Open is played at Prestwick Golf Club in Scotland. Only eight men play.

    1894 - The British Open starts adding other locations for the tournament. Royal St. George's Golf Club in England is the first non-Scottish club to host the British Open.

    1915-1919 - The British Open is canceled due to World War I.

    1940-1945 - The British open is canceled due to World War II.

    British Open Records (as of July 2015):
    Most wins: Harry Vardon has the most British Open wins with six. James Braid, John Henry Taylor, Peter Thomson and Tom Watson all have five wins.

    Most times as runner up: Jack Nicklaus has been runner-up at the British Open seven times.

    Most appearances: Gary Player has appeared at the British Open 46 times.

    Oldest winner: In 1867, "Old" Tom Morris Sr. became the oldest golfer to win the British Open at 46 years and 99 days old.

    Youngest winner: In 1868, his son, "Young" Tom Morris Jr. became the youngest golfer to win the British Open at 17 years and five months old.

    Oldest player: Tom Morris Sr. is the oldest player to play in the British Open at 74 years, 11 months, and 24 days, in 1896.