Skip to main content

As U.S. rethinks arming rebels, Syria says chemical weapons also a 'red line'

From Frederik Pleitgen, CNN
updated 7:06 PM EDT, Thu May 2, 2013
In this photo provided by the anti-government activist group Aleppo Media Center, Syrian men help survivors out of a building in Aleppo after it was bombed, allegedly by a Syrian regime warplane on Saturday, February 8. The United Nations estimates more than 100,000 people have been killed since the Syrian conflict began in March 2011. Click through to see the most compelling images taken during the conflict, which is now a civil war: In this photo provided by the anti-government activist group Aleppo Media Center, Syrian men help survivors out of a building in Aleppo after it was bombed, allegedly by a Syrian regime warplane on Saturday, February 8. The United Nations estimates more than 100,000 people have been killed since the Syrian conflict began in March 2011. Click through to see the most compelling images taken during the conflict, which is now a civil war:
HIDE CAPTION
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
Syrian civil war in photos
<<
<
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
>
>>
STORY HIGHLIGHTS
  • NEW: Queried on arming rebels, Obama says "we are continually evaluating the situation"
  • The U.S. is rethinking whether to arm Syrian opposition fighters, Defense Secretary Hagel says
  • A Syria official says rebels have used chemical weapons, which he calls a "red line" says
  • U.S., France and Turkey "have a one-sided way of looking at this," he adds

Damascus (CNN) -- Has a "red line" been crossed in Syria? And if so, what happens next?

The top defense official in the United States -- whose president has called the use of chemical weapons by Syrian forces a "game changer," as to how his and other governments address the crisis -- said Thursday that Washington is rethinking changing its policy of opposing providing weapons to the rebels.

Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel's admission -- after weeks of the United States resisting arming the opposition, for fear the weapons could end up in the wrong hands -- comes days after a White House aide sent a letter to two U.S. senators saying the intelligence community assessed "with varying degrees of confidence" that Syrian President Bashar al-Assad's government had used the chemical agent sarin on a "small scale."

A top Syrian official said Thursday that a line had been crossed, too -- but not by his government.

Syrian Information Minister Omran al-Zoubi said in an exclusive interview with CNN that his government had not, and "would never use" chemical munitions -- "if we had them."

Yet he did say such weapons have been used in the bloody, years-long civil war -- by hard-line Islamist rebel groups. And while al-Zoubi insisted his government would never use them, he said their use by others does change things.

"President (Barack) Obama says chemical weapons are a red line," al-Zoubi said. "Then he is in direct accordance with President Assad, who also thinks that chemical weapons are a red line."

The Syrian government-run media has been hitting home its stance that "terrorists" are handling chemical weapons and then blaming the use of them on the government.

Pentagon plans military options on Syria
Syrian civil war stokes violence in Iraq
Damascus bombing spurs anger at U.S.

For example, a Syrian Arab News Agency reporter, citing an official source, said Thursday that "terrorists" threw "unknown powder" in Idlib residents' faces to accuse the army of using chemical weapons.

"In the places where there is the opposition," al-Zoubi told CNN, "it is using chemical weapons that evaporate, and you smell it, they are filming it, and they are using it as alleged proof that the Syrian government is doing it."

Opinion: Obama must act on Syria chemical weapons

The civil war engulfing Syria has left around 70,000 people dead, spurred massive displacement and caused widespread destruction.

The presence of chemical weapons and fear of their use in the war-torn country has raised profound alarm in world capitals, including Washington. That's because, Obama said recently, of the weaponry's "potential of killing massive numbers of people."

Syria denies that it has used, or even possesses, chemical weapons, but the West has long concluded that the country does have them. Obama previously called the use of chemical weapons a "red line" and a "game-changer" for how the United States approaches the war.

The United States hasn't intervened militarily, even though it has played a major role in drumming up opposition to al-Assad's rule.

Opinion: Obama's no-win options in Syria

The stakes rose last week with the White House aide's letter, and its reference to intelligence suggesting Syrian forces had used chemical weapons.

But after the letter, Washington stopped short of altering its approach to Syria. The White House aide noted that "only credible and corroborated facts" will determine U.S. "decision-making."

In his comments to reporters Thursday, the U.S. defense secretary said President Barack Obama administration's decision to reconsider whether to arm opposition fighters fits into its philosophy of "constantly evaluating" the situation "based on all contingencies."

And just because the United States is thinking about arming the rebels doesn't mean missiles and more are on the way, Hagel said.

"You look at, and rethink all options. That doesn't mean you do or you will," he said. "These are options that must be considered with partners, with the international community, what is possible, what can help accomplish these objectives."

Speaking a short time later from Mexico City, Obama said, "What Secretary Hagel said today is what I've been saying now for months, which is we are continually evaluating the situation on the ground working with our international partners to find the best way to move a political transition that has Assad leaving, stabilizes the country, ends the killing and allows the Syrian people to determine their own destiny."

"As we've seen evidence of further bloodshed, potential use of chemical weapons inside of Syria ... we're going to look at all options," said the president.

But before Washington acts, the president has said there needs to be a thorough, "prudent" investigation to determine who got chemical munitions and how they got them, when they were used and how they were used. Any plans to get more involved in the Syrian situation must be well thought out, he said Thursday.

"We want to make sure that we look before we leap and that what we're doing is actually helpful to the situation, as opposed to making it more deadly or more complex," Obama said.

What complicates U.S. support for the opposition is that many of the rebel fighters are Islamic militants with pro-al-Qaeda sympathies -- the same stripe of militants America has battled in Iraq and Afghanistan.

They include an entity called the al-Nusra Front, or Jabhat al-Nusra, a rebel group that al-Zoubi says has used chemical weapons.

All options on the table regarding Syria, U.S. officials

"We have proof," he said of al-Nusra's chemical weapons use.

The United States has designated the front as a terrorist group. But al-Zoubi finds it hypocritical that while the United States talks about fighting terrorism, "in reality it doesn't seem to be doing so." That's because, he said, Washington is more intent on accusing the Syrian government than on seeking the truth.

"America is not serious about discussing this type of chemical weapons use," al-Zoubi said. "It is shameful."

The United States says it is sending the opposition nonlethal material, not arms. But al-Zoubi has a different take on that.

"There seems to be a question as to the position of the United States toward Jabhat al-Nusra and al Qaeda. America talks about fighting terrorism, but in reality it doesn't seem to be doing so. How can you fight terrorism and count Jabhat al-Nusra as a terrorist organization and at the same time send weapons to these terrorists?"

He maintained that the government is "very sure" that chemical weapons in Syria were brought there from Turkey.

He said that he's not an expert on what chemical weapons are being used but that such a question should be asked of the leaders of Turkey and Qatar, because they are sending weapons to al-Nusra and al Qaeda. He said pressure on the Assad regime has been an obstacle to a fair U.N. investigation of the use of chemical weapons.

"If the United States wants to prove anything, they need to show the evidence to us. We are very sure that these weapons have come to Syria from Turkey. This is not a political accusation. This is based on facts. And Jabhat al-Nusra has said that this is true. There are videos that make this clear," al-Zoubi said.

A Turkish diplomatic source "firmly denied" Syria's "baseless allegations" about chemical weapons and said its comments "cannot be taken seriously" because the regime is obstructing a U.N. fact-finding mission on the issue.

Al-Zoubi says he wonders why Western nations are giving such weapons to al Qaeda and the al Nusra Front.

"Do they want to increase terrorism, or do they want to find a pretext to invade Syria? If they are trying to make them stronger, it means that the Western countries are on the same side as the terrorists," he said. "It is very clear that the United States, France and Turkey have a one-sided way of looking at this."

CNN's Barbara Starr, Joe Sterling, Greg Botelho, Salma Abdelaziz and Gul Tuysuz contributed to this report from Atlanta.

ADVERTISEMENT
Part of complete coverage on
Syrian crisis
updated 8:28 AM EST, Tue March 4, 2014
Syria has submitted a revised proposal "that aims to complete the removal of all chemicals" from the country before the end of April.
updated 5:32 AM EST, Tue February 18, 2014
CNN's Arwa Damon reports on ISIS defector who says destroying ISIS as critical as defeating regime.
updated 10:53 PM EST, Mon February 17, 2014
The U.S. wants a United Nations resolution that will, among other things, bring humanitarian aid for refugees in Syria.
updated 7:59 AM EST, Mon February 17, 2014
When the radical Islamist militia ISIS arrived in the Syrian town of Addana a year ago, many welcomed them. What followed changed their minds.
updated 9:49 AM EST, Mon February 17, 2014
CNN obtained video clips from Syrian activists documenting the atrocities committed by members of the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria, known as ISIS.
updated 3:17 PM EST, Tue February 18, 2014
On Crossfire, Danielle Pletka discusses what the U.S. needs to do to resolve the Syria crisis.
updated 8:01 PM EST, Wed February 5, 2014
Her almond-shaped brown eyes shine through her sunken face as a doctor lifts her sweater to reveal a tiny rib cage pushing against her skin.
updated 12:46 PM EST, Tue February 4, 2014
The Zaatari refugee camp in Jordan is home to around 100,000 Syrian refugees. CNN spent several days meeting the residents of the camp.
updated 2:59 PM EST, Wed January 22, 2014
Renowned war crimes prosecutors and forensic experts have found "direct evidence" of "torture and killing" by the Assad regime.
Traumatized children who have witnessed the horrors of war are being helped to read -- and rebuild a normal life. CNN's Becky Anderson reports.
updated 7:07 AM EST, Thu January 23, 2014
A battle zone tour organized by the Syrian government for CNN and several other media outlets Wednesday was more than bizarre.
updated 12:35 PM EST, Wed January 22, 2014
CNN's Atika Shubert meets with the family of a little girl who was wounded in Syria, now living in a refugee camp.
updated 9:56 AM EST, Mon January 27, 2014
110 year old, Jabari Alawali walked for over 10 hours to reach Jordan from Syria.
ADVERTISEMENT