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Clarence Thomas Fast Facts

By CNN Library
updated 9:34 PM EDT, Tue June 17, 2014
Justice Samuel A. Alito Jr. was appointed by President George W. Bush in 2006 and is known as one of the most conservative justices to serve on the court in modern times. Justice Samuel A. Alito Jr. was appointed by President George W. Bush in 2006 and is known as one of the most conservative justices to serve on the court in modern times.
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(CNN) -- Here's an in-depth look at the life of Supreme Court Associate Justice Clarence Thomas.

Personal:
Birth date: June 23, 1948

Birth place: Pin Point, Georgia

Birth name: Clarence Thomas

Father: M.C. Thomas, a farm worker

Mother: Leola (Anderson) Thomas

Marriages: Virginia (Lamp) Thomas (May 30, 1987 - present); Kathy (Ambush) Thomas (1971-1984, divorced)

Children: with Kathy (Ambush) Thomas: Jamal, 1973

Education: Holy Cross College, A.B., 1971; Yale Law School, J.D., 1974

Religion: Roman Catholic

Other Facts:
Grew up in poverty in segregated Georgia.

Raised by his maternal grandparents as a devout Catholic and was sent to an all-black Catholic school run by white nuns.

Thomas was a beneficiary of Yale's affirmative-action policy, which offered opportunities to minority students.

Served on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the DC Circuit with Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg.

Thomas has called his confirmation hearings a "high-tech lynching for an uppity black."

Is considered a conservative justice, has often opposed affirmative action, and tends to vote with Justice Antonin Scalia and other conservative justices.

Timeline:
1974-1977 - Assistant Attorney General of Missouri.

1977-1979 - Attorney for Monsanto Corporation in St. Louis, Missouri.

1979-1981 - Legislative Assistant to Senator John C. Danforth.

1981-1982 - Assistant Secretary for Civil Rights in the Department of Education.

1982-1990 - Chairman of the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.

1990-1991 - Judge of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit.

July 1, 1991 - Nominated to the Supreme Court by President George H. W. Bush to fill the seat of retiring Thurgood Marshall.

July 1, 1991 - Jesse Jackson speaks out against Thomas's nomination

July 31, 1991 - The NAACP releases a statement opposing Thomas's appointment to the Supreme Court.

September 10-20,1991 - Confirmation hearings before the Senate Judiciary Committee.

October 6, 1991 - Reports surface two days before the scheduled Senate vote on Thomas's confirmation that law professor Anita Hill told the Senate Judiciary Committee that Thomas had sexually harassed her while she worked with him at the Education Department and Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. Hill said Thomas frequently asked her out on dates and described his sexual interests to her. The Senate vote is delayed for a week after Thomas asks for time to clear his name and to bolster support for his nomination.

October 15, 1991 - The U.S. Senate confirms Clarence Thomas by the narrowest margin in the 20th century: 52 to 48.

October 23, 1991 - Sworn in as associate justice of the Supreme Court.

June 2003 - Thomas dissents in the Court's decision to uphold affirmative action, calls it a "cruel farce" that leaves blacks with a stigma suggesting they only succeeded because of their skin color.

January 15, 2013 -Thomas speaks from the bench for the first time in nearly seven years, since February 22, 2006.

February 2014 - In speech at Palm Beach Atlantic University, Thomas says, "The worst I have been treated was by northern liberal elites. The absolute worst I have ever been treated. The worst things that have been done to me, the worst things that have been said about me, are by northern liberal elites, not by the people of Savannah, Georgia."

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