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Oscar Pistorius Fast Facts

By CNN Library
updated 3:10 PM EDT, Tue October 28, 2014
Oscar Pistorius appears in the North Gauteng High Court in Pretoria on Monday, March 3. South Africa's double amputee track star is accused of the murder of his girlfriend Reeva Steenkamp on February 14, 2013. Oscar Pistorius appears in the North Gauteng High Court in Pretoria on Monday, March 3. South Africa's double amputee track star is accused of the murder of his girlfriend Reeva Steenkamp on February 14, 2013.
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Photos: 'Blade Runner' Oscar Pistorius
'Blade Runner' Oscar Pistorius
'Blade Runner' Oscar Pistorius
'Blade Runner' Oscar Pistorius
'Blade Runner' Oscar Pistorius
'Blade Runner' Oscar Pistorius
'Blade Runner' Oscar Pistorius
'Blade Runner' Oscar Pistorius
'Blade Runner' Oscar Pistorius
'Blade Runner' Oscar Pistorius
'Blade Runner' Oscar Pistorius
'Blade Runner' Oscar Pistorius
'Blade Runner' Oscar Pistorius
'Blade Runner' Oscar Pistorius
'Blade Runner' Oscar Pistorius
'Blade Runner' Oscar Pistorius
Photos: 'Blade Runner' Oscar Pistorius
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(CNN) -- Here's a look at the life of Oscar Pistorius, the South African double-amputee Olympic sprinter sentenced to five years in prison for the shooting death of his girlfriend Reeva Steenkamp.

Personal:
Birth date: November 22, 1986

Birth place: Johannesburg, South Africa

Birth name: Oscar Leonard Carl Pistorius

Father: Henke Pistorius, a businessman

Mother: Sheila Pistorius

Education: Attended the University of Pretoria.

Other Facts:
Born without fibulas in either leg, doctors amputated both legs below the knee at eleven months of age.

Grew up in Pretoria.

Nicknamed "Blade Runner" and "the fastest man on no legs" because of the carbon-fiber prosthetic blades he wears to run track.

Winner of six gold, one silver and one bronze Paralympic medals.

First double-amputee athlete to compete against able-bodied runners in the Olympics.

Timeline:
1987-1988 - Both legs are amputated below the knee and fitted with first prosthetics.

June 21, 2003 - Sustains knee injury while playing rugby in high school.

November 2003 - Runs track as part of his rehabilitation program at the Sports Science Institute at the University of Pretoria.

June 2004 - Is given his first pair of carbon fiber J-shaped limbs, with the brand name Flex-Foot Cheetah.

September 2004 - Competes in the Athens Paralympics, winning the gold medal for the 200m and the bronze for the 100m in the T44 class. He sets a Paralympic world record for the 100m.

March 26, 2007 - International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) introduces rule 144.2, which prohibits: (e) Use of any technical device that incorporates springs, wheels or any other element that provides the user with an advantage over another athlete not using such a device.

July 13, 2007 - In Rome, finishes second in the 400m 'B' race against able-bodied athletes. The race is an IAAF test to observe and determine if rule 144.2 (e) is being broken. The results are inconclusive.

November 12-13, 2007 - Completes a series of tests in Cologne, Germany, to evaluate the metabolic differences in amputees and non-amputees and whether or not those differences caused by use of the Flex-Foot Cheetah prosthetics violate rule 144.2(e). The report claims that the prosthetics give Pistorius an advantage over able-bodied competitors, which Pistorius strongly rejects.

January 14, 2008 - Pistorius is banned from competing in all IAAF-sanctioned events, "...running with these prostheses requires a less-important vertical movement associated with a lesser mechanical effort to raise the body, and the energy loss resulting from the use of these prostheses is significantly lower than that resulting from a human ankle joint at a maximal sprint speed." The ruling is based on the evaluation done in Germany in November 2007.

February 13, 2008 - An appeal to the ban is filed with the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) by Pistorius through the law firm of Dewey & LeBoeuf.

May 16, 2008 - The CAS reverses the January IAAF ban on Pistorius and the Cheetahs, making him eligible to compete in the Beijing Olympics.

July 2008 - Fails to qualify for the South African Olympic team.

September 2008 - Wins three gold medals for the 100m, 200m and 400m sprints in the Beijing Paralympics, establishing a new Paralympic record in the 400m.

February 21, 2009 - Sustains major head and facial injuries in a boat accident on the Vaal River near Johannesburg.

September 2009 - Pistorius is arrested and accused of common assault, but the case is thrown out because of a lack of evidence, according to police. The incident involved Pistorius allegedly slamming a door during a party, and a piece of the door falling off and hitting someone.

September 2011 - At the IAAF World Championships in Daegu, South Korea, runs the opening 400m for the 4x400m relay to help South Africa qualify. Pistorius isn't selected to run the final but earns a silver medal for competing in the heats, becoming the first Paralympian to win a world championship medal.

November 2011 - Pistorius tweets a photo of himself at a gun range, and writes that he had "a 96% headshot over 300m from 50 shots! Bam!"

August 4, 2012 - Becomes the first double-amputee runner to compete in the Olympics, coming in eighth place in the 400m semifinal. Pistorius also later runs the anchor leg of the 4x400m relay final where the South African team comes in eighth place.

September 2012 - Wins a silver medal and two gold medals at the London Paralympics. He sets Paralympic records for the 400m and the 4x100m relay.

February 14, 2013 - Pistorius's girlfriend, South African model Reeva Steenkamp, is found shot to death at Oscar Pretorius's Pretoria home. Pistorius is arrested.

February 15, 2013 - Pistorius is officially charged with premeditated murder in the death of Reeva Steenkamp.

February 20, 2013 - Nike follows eyewear maker Oakley in also suspending their endorsement deal with Pistorius.

February 22, 2013 - Leaves jail after posting a cash bond of 100,000 rand (about $11,200). Another 900,000 rand (about $100,800) is due by March 1. The conditions of Pistorius's bail are that he must avoid his home where the shooting occurred, relinquish his passport and abstain from drinking alcohol.

March 28, 2013 - Judge Bert Bam lifts the travel ban on Pistorius, saying he sees no reason why Pistorius should not be allowed to travel for competition. The ban on drinking alcohol and avoiding his home where the shooting occurred is also lifted.

August 19, 2013 - Is indicted on a premeditated murder charge in the shooting death of his girlfriend, Reeva Steenkamp.

March 3, 2014 - The trial begins with Pistorius pleading not guilty to one charge of murder and a firearms charge associated with Steenkamp's killing, as well as the two gun indictments unrelated to Steenkamp.

May 20, 2014 - The judge rules that Pistorius must undergo mental health examinations over the next month. The testing was triggered by a psychiatrist's testimony who said that the sprinter has suffered from generalized anxiety disorder since he was an infant, stemming partly from the amputation of both of his lower legs because of a genetic defect.

June 30, 2014 - A psychiatric assessment finds that Pistorius was not mentally incapacitated when he shot Steenkamp to death.

September 12, 2014 - Is found guilty of culpable homicide, the South African term for unintentionally -- but unlawfully -- killing a person.

October 21, 2014 - Is sentenced to five years in prison for the shooting death of Reeva Steenkamp. Pistorius will have to serve at least one-sixth of his sentence -- 10 months -- before he can be considered for parole.

October 27, 2014 - The National Prosecuting Authority announces that it will appeal the judgment and sentence of Pistorius.

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