Skip to main content

Venezuela's interim leader thrust into spotlight

By Catherine E. Shoichet, CNN
updated 5:34 AM EST, Wed March 6, 2013
Now Vice President Nicolas Maduro is Venezuela's interim leader.
Now Vice President Nicolas Maduro is Venezuela's interim leader.
STORY HIGHLIGHTS
  • Analyst: Maduro was behind radical foreign policy decisions, also compromises
  • Hugo Chavez wanted Maduro to replace him if his health worsened
  • Maduro has been Venezuela's vice president and foreign minister
  • He started his career as a bus driver and later become a union leader and a politician

(CNN) -- He began his career as a bus driver in Caracas, and then rose through the ranks to become a member of Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez's inner circle.

Now Vice President Nicolas Maduro is the country's interim leader.

Chavez died Tuesday after a long battle with cancer. He had been Venezuela's president since 1999.

Venezuela will hold elections in 30 days and Maduro is assuming the presidency during the interim period, Foreign Minister Elias Jaua told state-run VTV on Tuesday.

U.S. reaction to Chavez's death: from mourning to celebration

Vice president: Hugo Chavez is dead
The relationship between Chavez and U.S.
Barbara Walters on Hugo Chavez
Amanpour: Hugo Chavez had cult following

Shortly before his last trip to Cuba for cancer surgery, Chavez tapped Maduro as his replacement "if something were to happen that would incapacitate me" and called for voters to support him.

"My firm opinion, as clear as the full moon -- irrevocable, absolute, total -- is ... that you elect Nicolas Maduro as president," Chavez said in early December, waving a copy of the Venezuelan Constitution as he spoke. "I ask this of you from my heart. He is one of the young leaders with the greatest ability to continue, if I cannot."

That televised address marked the first time the Venezuelan president had specified a successor since he announced he had cancer in June 2011.

Maduro, 50, has long been a high-profile face in Chavez's administration.

Serving as both the country's vice president and foreign minister, he often was seen in the front row of Chavez's press conferences and traveled to Cuba many times alongside Chavez as he underwent cancer treatment.

U.S. open to 'more constructive relationship' with Venezuela

"He is without a doubt one of the ministers who is closest to Chavez," political analyst German Campos told CNN en Español after Chavez tapped Maduro as vice president in October.

As foreign minister, Maduro was the country's top diplomat as ties grew with Cuba and tensions rose with the United States.

In recent years, he has been an outspoken critic of U.S. policies toward Venezuela.

When the Treasury Department added four Venezuelan officials to its drug kingpin list in 2011, Maduro accused the U.S. agency of acting as "a sort of world police agency" that has falsely named "decent citizens of our country ... as drug traffickers."

"A country like that has no moral authority to judge generals and political officials in Venezuela," he said. "We reject it and we believe that the drug trafficking mafias are there, in a sick society like the United States."

After security screeners detained him at New York's John F. Kennedy International Airport in 2006, Maduro called the U.S. government "racist" and "Nazi" and said the United States does not appreciate Latin American countries.

But Maduro doesn't always take an extreme tack, said Javier Corrales, a professor of political science at Amherst College in Massachusetts.

Hugo Chavez's death draws sympathy, anger

"On the one hand, he has been behind some of the most radical, crazy foreign policy decisions of the Chavez administration. Support for Libya, you name it, all the radical decisions, he has been behind them," Corrales said. "But he also has been behind some of the most pragmatic and conciliatory decisions, including the turnaround in relations with Colombia."

That's a marked contrast with the inflammatory Chavez, who rarely turned to compromise, Corrales said.

Before his role representing Venezuela abroad, Maduro honed his political skills at home.

He became a union leader while working for the Caracas metro system. After Chavez came to power in 1999, Maduro helped draft a new constitution. He served as a congressman until 2006, when he was tapped as foreign minister.

As Maduro temporarily assumes the presidency, analysts have said it's difficult to tell whether anyone else from Chavez's United Socialist Party of Venezuela will have what it takes to win at the polls.

They note that Chavez's political strength was largely fueled by his ability to personally connect with throngs of dedicated followers -- dubbed "Chavistas" for their devotion to the president.

And that personal connection with his supporters is "what's held things together in Venezuela," according to Michael Shifter, president of the Washington-based Inter-American Dialogue think tank.

Opinion: After Chavez, a power vacuum

Polls have indicated that several possible successors from within the party's ranks haven't generated the same kind of enthusiasm among Chavez's supporters. A February 2012 poll by the Datanalisis firm showed Maduro with 9.8% support among militant members of Chavez's United Socialist Party of Venezuela.

But that was before Chavez's remarks supporting Maduro, which were seen as likely to bolster support for the vice president within the government and among fervent Chavistas, Corrales said.

"When popular presidents make an endorsement, that always has an effect," Corrales said.

When he named Maduro as vice president, Chavez noted his extensive experience on "different battlefronts."

"The bourgeoisie make fun of Nicolas Maduro because he was a bus driver," Chavez said, "and look where he's going now."

Chavez leaves a revolutionary legacy

ADVERTISEMENT
Part of complete coverage on
Hugo Chavez
updated 3:04 PM EDT, Thu April 11, 2013
split venezuela capriles maduro
Less than six weeks after President Hugo Chavez's death, Venezuelans will head to the polls Sunday to pick a new leader.
updated 12:36 PM EST, Fri March 8, 2013
The poor, usually marginalized by Latin American politicians, became Chavez's main weapon.
updated 7:46 AM EDT, Thu March 14, 2013
The plan to embalm the body of Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez may have hit a snag.
updated 10:31 PM EST, Fri March 8, 2013
The body of Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez is the latest in a long line of world leaders whose remains have been embalmed and displayed.
updated 5:38 AM EST, Wed March 6, 2013
Hugo Chavez, the polarizing president of Venezuela who cast himself as a "21st century socialist" and foe of the United States, died Tuesday.
What is your reaction to President Chavez's death? How do you think it will affect Venezuela's politics? How does is affect your country?
updated 6:07 PM EST, Tue March 5, 2013
CNN's Rafael Romo looks back at the life of recently deceased Venezuelan leader Hugo Chavez.
updated 2:07 PM EST, Tue March 4, 2014
Venezuela has been transformed while Chavez was in office. Browse through the picture to explore his legacy.
updated 4:56 PM EST, Tue March 5, 2013
A look back and the life and legacy of Venezuelan president Hugo Chavez. CNN's Jim Clancy reports.
updated 6:04 AM EST, Wed March 6, 2013
Hugo Chavez played key role in focusing attention on the poor. But Frida Ghitis says in the process of helping the poor, he undermined the democracy.
updated 8:38 AM EST, Fri March 8, 2013
Jesse Jackson: Chavez's death an opportunity for U.S. and Venezuela to heal relations.
updated 10:39 AM EST, Wed March 6, 2013
The death of the charismatic but controversial leader leaves many unanswered questions that Venezuela and the world must now grapple with.
updated 8:35 PM EST, Tue March 5, 2013
Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez sings with CNN's Larry King prior to his 2009 interview.
updated 9:06 AM EST, Wed March 6, 2013
News of Chavez's death drew impassioned reactions from around the world, as leaders and other public figures weighed in on his legacy.
updated 2:24 AM EST, Wed March 6, 2013
CNN looks back at some of the more memorable things President Hugo Chavez said during his life -- like calling George Bush the devil.
updated 5:34 AM EST, Wed March 6, 2013
He began his career as a bus driver, then rose through the ranks to become a member of Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez's inner circle.
updated 2:53 AM EST, Wed March 6, 2013
Chavez will be remembered for improving the wealth and political participation of the poor. But his death leaves an economy in tatters, some say.
updated 10:33 PM EST, Tue March 5, 2013
Kevin Spacey, Naomi Campbell, Diego Maradona. Browse through the pictures of Hollywood icons and global superstars that met Chavez.
updated 5:41 AM EST, Wed March 6, 2013
Chavez cultivated a larger-than-life appearance. But even after years in office, his legacy may be more fleeting than his outsize personality suggested.
updated 5:40 PM EST, Tue March 5, 2013
Watch: In a 2009 interview, Larry King talks to Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez about Obama and Venezeula's global role.
Get the latest news, analysis, commentaries and videos from Venezuela in Spanish language on CNN Español.
ADVERTISEMENT