Henry Kissinger Fast Facts

Nobel Peace Prize winner Henry Kissinger's On China is on a list of books recommended by EPL players.

Here's a look at the life of former National Security Adviser and Secretary of State Henry Kissinger.

Birth date:
May 27, 1923
Birth place: Furth, Germany
    Birth name: Heinz Alfred Kissinger
      Father: Louis Kissinger, a teacher
      Mother: Paula (Stern) Kissinger
      Marriages: Nancy (Maginnes) Kissinger (March 30, 1974-present); Ann Fleischer (1949-1964, divorced)
      Children: with Ann Fleischer: Elizabeth, David
      Education: Harvard University, B.A., 1950; M.A., 1952; Ph.D., 1954
      Military: U.S. Army, 1943-1949, Captain
      Religion: Jewish
      Other Facts:
      Kissinger's name was changed to Henry when his family immigrated to the United States to escape the Nazis.
      Attended high school at night while working at a factory during the day.
      First person to serve as both national security adviser and secretary of state.
      - The Kissinger family immigrates to the United States, settling in New York.
      June 19, 1943 - Becomes a U.S. citizen.
      1954-1971 - Harvard University faculty member.
      1957-1960 - Associate Director of Harvard's Center for International Affairs.
      1956-1960 - Consultant, Weapons Systems Evaluation Group of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
      1961-1962 - Consultant, National Security Council.
      1961-1968 - Consultant, U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency.
      1965-1968 - Consultant, U.S. Department of State.
      1969-1974 - Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs for President Nixon.
      1969 - Helps initiate the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT) with the Soviet Union.
      1972 - Kissinger and President Nixon are named Time Magazine's Men of the Year.
      September 23, 1973-January 20, 1977 - Secretary of State under Presidents Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford.
      1973 - Wins the Nobel Peace Prize, with Le Duc Tho, for negotiating the end of the Vietnam War. Le Duc Tho declines the award.
      1974-1975 - Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs for President Ford.
      1982 - Opens international consulting firm Kissinger Associates, Inc.
      1982 - Has triple coronary bypass surgery.
      December 13, 2002 - Resigns as chairman of the 9-11 Commission, citing controversy over possible conflicts of interest with clients of his consulting firm.
      March 2005 - Undergoes an angioplasty procedure.
      July 15, 2014 - Undergoes heart surgery to replace an aortic valve.