Henry Kissinger Fast Facts

Here's a look at the life of former National Security Adviser and Secretary of State Henry Kissinger.

Birth date:
May 27, 1923

Birth place: Furth, Germany

Birth name: Heinz Alfred Kissinger

Father: Louis Kissinger, a teacher

Mother: Paula (Stern) Kissinger

Marriages: Nancy (Maginnes) Kissinger (March 30, 1974-present); Ann Fleischer (1949-1964, divorced)

Children: with Ann: Elizabeth and David

Education: Harvard University, B.A., 1950; M.A., 1952, Ph.D., 1954

Military: U.S. Army, 1943-1949, Captain

Religion: Jewish

Other Facts:
Kissinger's name was changed to Henry when his family immigrated to the United States to escape the Nazis.

Attended high school at night while working at a factory during the day.

First person to serve as both national security adviser and secretary of state.

- The Kissinger family immigrates to the United States, settling in New York.

June 19, 1943 - Becomes a U.S. citizen.

1954-1971 - Harvard University faculty member.

1957-1960 - Associate Director of Harvard's Center for International Affairs.

1956-1960 - Consultant, Weapons Systems Evaluation Group of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.

1961-1962 - Consultant, National Security Council.

1961-1968 - Consultant, U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency.

1965-1968 - Consultant, U.S. Department of State.

1969-1974 - Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs for President Nixon.

1969 - Helps initiate the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT) with the Soviet Union.

1972 - Kissinger and President Nixon are named Time Magazine's Men of the Year.

September 23, 1973-January 20, 1977 - Secretary of State under Presidents Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford.

1973 - Wins the Nobel Peace Prize, with Le Duc Tho, for negotiating the end of the Vietnam War. Le Duc Tho declines the award.

1974-1975 - Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs for President Ford.

1982 - Opens international consulting firm Kissinger Associates, Inc.

1982 - Has triple coronary bypass surgery.

November 2002 - Is appointed by President George W. Bush to lead the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States (also known as the 9-11 Commission).

December 13, 2002 - Resigns as chairman of the 9-11 Commission, citing controversy over possible conflicts of interest with clients of his consulting firm.

March 2005 - Undergoes an angioplasty procedure.

May 18, 2006 - Is awarded the Dwight D. Eisenhower Medal for Leadership and Service. The Eisenhower Medal is awarded to recognize advances toward President Eisenhower's vision for peace and productivity through international dialogue.

July 15, 2014 - Undergoes heart surgery to replace an aortic valve.