Education: Baghdad University, law degree, 1959
Religion: Sunni Muslim
1947 - At age 14, joins the Kurdish Democratic Party (KDP).
1951 - Member of the KDP's Central Committee.
June 1975 -
Leaves the KDP to found the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK)
, an organization striving to promote the autonomy and independence of the Kurdish people
from the rest of Iraq.
1975-present - Secretary General of the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK).
Is involved in armed resistance against the government of Saddam Hussein
Talabani and rival Kurdish Democratic Party leader Massoud Barzani
sign a peace agreement that provides for their joint governing of their respective areas of Kurdistan.
November 1-30, 2003 -
President of Iraq's Governing Council
. This position rotates monthly and nine of the twenty-five ICG members take turns filling the spot.
January 30, 2005 - One of approximately 7,700 candidates in Iraq's first free elections in over 50 years.
April 6, 2005 - Is elected president of Iraq by the new transitional national assembly, and is sworn in the next day.
April 22, 2006 - Wins a second term as president as part of an interim Iraqi government.
November 27-29, 2006 -
Meets with Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad
and announces that a security agreement between Iraq and Iran
has been reached.
February 25-March 14, 2007 - Falls ill and is flown from Iraq to Jordan for treatment, reportedly suffering from severe exhaustion and lung inflammation.
May 20-June 2, 2007 - Travels to the United States for unspecified medical treatments.
March 7-8, 2008 - Visits Turkey, his first visit as head of state.
November 2010 - Is re-elected president by the new Iraqi parliament.
December 1, 2011 -
Marking the end of the U.S. military presence in Iraq, Talabani confers upon coalition officials, including Vice President Joe Biden
, the "shield of commitment" medal.
January 19, 2012 - Has spinal surgery in Germany.
December 17, 2012 -
Is rushed to a Baghdad hospital, for an unspecified medical emergency
, possibly a stroke and is later taken to Germany for treatment.
July 19, 2014 - Talabani returns to Iraq after 18 months of treatment in Germany.
July 24, 2014 - Iraqi lawmakers elect Fouad Massoum to succeed Talabani as president.