Skip to main content

Shirin Ebadi Fast Facts

By CNN Library
updated 8:01 AM EST, Mon December 16, 2013

(CNN) -- Here is a look at the life of Shirin Ebadi, the first Muslim woman to win the Nobel Peace Prize.

Personal:
Birth date: June 21, 1947

Birth place: Hamadan, Iran

Father: Muhammad Ali Ebadi, law professor and lawyer

Mother: Minu Yamini

Marriage: Javad Tavassolian (1975-present)

Children: Nargess (female), Negar (female)

Education: University of Tehran, law degree, 1969; University of Tehran, doctorate, 1971

Religion: Islam

Other Facts:
Is the first Iranian to win the Nobel Peace Prize.

Is a campaigner for women's and children's rights and has published numerous books on the subject.

Worked to try to change child custody laws in Iran after 9-year-old Arian Golshani was beaten to death by her father and stepmother. Golshani's mother was not allowed to have custody of her due to Iranian laws that favor men over women.

Timeline:
March 1969 - The first female judge in Iran.

1975-1979 - Serves as president of the city court of Tehran.

1979 - Is forced to step down as a judge after the Islamic Revolution.

May 1997 - Plays a key role in the landslide presidential election of the reformist Mohamad Khatami.

1999 - Works to expose conspirators behind an attack by pro-clergy assailants on students at Tehran University.

1999, 2000 - Represents families of writers and intellectuals killed.

2000 - Spends about three weeks in jail after a closed trial. Ebadi is given a suspended sentence and is banned from working as a lawyer for five years.

2001 - Wins the Rafto Prize in recognition of her sustained fight, over many years, for human rights and democracy in Iran.

2003 - Wins the Nobel Peace Prize for her work fighting for democracy and the rights of women and children.

2004 - Comes together with other female Nobel Peace Prize winners at the time, Wangari Maathai and Jody Williams, to work on a plan for empowering women worldwide in the fight against injustice, violence and inequality. The plan becomes the Nobel Women's Initiative.

2006 - Publishes a memoir called "Iran Awakening: One Woman's Journey to Reclaim Her Life and Country."

2007 - Represents imprisoned American scholar Haleh Esfandiari, who was arrested on charges of threatening national security.

April 2008 - Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad orders police protection for Ebadi after she receives death threats.

June 6, 2008 - Talks about her new book, "Refugee Rights In Iran," in London.

December 21, 2008 - Ebadi says that Iranian security forces raided and shut down her offices in Tehran.

January 1, 2009 - Protesters attack Ebadi's home and office, spraying graffiti and shouting that she supports Israel.

June 2009 - Ebadi leaves Iran the day before presidential elections and does not return.

November 2009 - Iranian government confiscates the Nobel medal Ebadi was awarded in 2003 and freezes her bank accounts.

2011 - Publishes a new book called "The Golden Cage: Three Brothers, Three Choices, One Destiny."

April 2012 - Is a panelist at the 12th World Summit of Nobel Peace Laureates.

ADVERTISEMENT
ADVERTISEMENT