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NATO: Syrian forces firing more Scud missiles

From Saad Abedine, Barbara Starr and Ivan Watson, CNN
updated 3:27 PM EST, Fri December 21, 2012
STORY HIGHLIGHTS
  • NEW: One missile landed only 20 miles from the Turkish border, a NATO official says
  • NATO chief describes Syria's launch of the missiles as "an act of a desperate regime"
  • Development highlights the need for a protection plan for Turkey, NATO says
  • Scud missiles were fired from Damascus toward Aleppo, a Turkish official says

(CNN) -- In an escalation of its civil war, Syria is firing more Scud missiles in a desperate attempt to quash rebel gains, the NATO chief said Friday.

The government has launched more missiles in recent days, according to Anders Fogh Rasmussen, the secretary-general of the alliance.

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"I can confirm that we have detected the launch of Scud-type missiles," he said. "I consider it an act of a desperate regime approaching collapse."

Though the missiles have not hit Turkey, he said, the development highlights the need for a protection plan for the neighboring nation.

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A Turkish Foreign Ministry official told CNN on Friday that some Scuds had been fired from Damascus toward Aleppo early Thursday.

"As far as I know, (there were) four, (landing) around Aleppo and/or close to our border, but not in Turkey," said the official, who spoke on condition that he not be named because he is not authorized to speak on the record for military matters.

A NATO official told CNN that Syria had fired about half a dozen Scud-B missiles in the northern part of the country, one of which landed just 20 miles from the Turkish border.

The preliminary assessment is the Scud launches were aimed at rebel munitions storage sites, said the official, who has direct knowledge of the latest intelligence but declined to be identified because of its sensitivity.

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Intelligence analysts believe the Syrian government now uses Scuds when the weather is bad and aircraft cannot launch ground attacks.

This is the first acknowledgment of new Scud launches since an initial volley was confirmed by U.S. officials earlier this month.

Using U.S. satellite imagery, along with U.S. and NATO radars and electronic signals intelligence, the United States and NATO can establish where the missiles were launched and where they landed.

The official declined to offer specifics on the launch and aim points of the latest attacks, because of the sensitive nature of the information.

But he said there was no indication the latest round of Scuds were armed with chemical munitions.

He did not know if there were any casualties, as all the missiles landed inside Syria.

The move is an escalation on the war, which has threatened to draw in neighboring countries and militant groups.

Analysts say the government of President Bashar al-Assad maintains up to 400 of the short- and medium-range Russian-developed Scud missiles.

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NATO is in the final stages of preparing for a deployment of Patriot missiles from the United States, Germany and the Netherlands to Turkey for defense against Syrian Scuds that might threaten its neighbor.

Final site surveys are under way, and the deployment of six Patriot batteries in Turkey is expected to be completed by the end of January.

The Syrian civil war started in March 2011 when a government crackdown on civilian demonstrators morphed into a fight between the regime and rebels.

More than 40,000 people are estimated to have died in nearly two years of conflict.

At least 148 people were killed across Syria Friday, according to the Local Coordination Committee in Syria, a Syria-based opposition activist network.

CNN's Laura Smith-Spark contributed to this report.

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