Skip to main content
Part of complete coverage on

'Solar sisters' spreading light in Africa

By Teo Kermeliotis, for CNN
updated 9:12 AM EST, Wed January 2, 2013
Solar Sister is a growing network of female entrepreneurs creating access to clean energy while earning an income to support their families. Solar Sister is a growing network of female entrepreneurs creating access to clean energy while earning an income to support their families.
Solar Sister
Solar Sister
Solar Sister
Solar Sister
Solar Sister
Solar Sister
Solar Sister
Solar Sister
Solar Sister
Solar Sister
Solar Sister
Solar Sister
  • Solar Sister is a network of women selling solar lighting to poor communities
  • The female entrepreneurs make a commission on every sale
  • More than 270 women in three East African countries have so far joined the group
  • Founder Katherine Lucey says energy poverty will not be solved by philanthropy

(CNN) -- Eva Walusimbi knows well how it is to live in darkness.

As a community leader in the small town of Mityana, central Uganda, she's been witnessing the health hazards and financial strains that a shortage of electricity can bring to people living in energy poor, rural areas.

"Just three miles away from here, people in the villages don't have electricity -- some of them use candles, some use kerosene lamps," says Walusimbi, who runs schools for orphans and disadvantaged children in Uganda.

"One morning there was a kid that was picked from school early in the morning because her sibling had died in a fire," she says. "[The kid] had lit a candle in the house and then went outside to do some other chores, so the candle melted away and the house was all on fire. By the time that they came back to see what's going on, the whole house was burned down and the kid was burned to ashes."

In Uganda, some 90% of the population lives without access to electricity, according to World Bank figures. Apart from the health risks, Walusimbi, 50, says that lack of electricity is also preventing people from escaping poverty.

"People that are living without electricity, their day ends up so quickly -- they can do less work compared to the people with full light," she says.

A third of the world population doesn't have access to electricity -- it's not going to be solved by philanthropy.
Katherine Lucey, Solar Sister founder

But for Walusimbi, there is light at the end of the tunnel. She has joined Solar Sister, a group aiming to eradicate energy poverty while creating economic opportunities for women.

Using an Avon-style women's distribution system, Solar Sister trains, recruits and supports female entrepreneurs in East Africa to sell affordable solar lighting and other green products such as solar lamps and mobile phone chargers. The women use their community networks of family and neighbors to build their own businesses, earning a commission on each sale.

Read related: Harnessing pedal power to light up Africa

Solar Sister founder Katherine Lucey, a former investment banker with expertise in the energy sector, says this model is creating access to safe, affordable and clean energy while helping women to earn a steady income to support their families.

Solar Sister in Africa. Click to expand.  Solar Sister in Africa. Click to expand.
Solar Sister in Africa. Click to expand.Solar Sister in Africa. Click to expand.

"This gives them a chance to earn money in a way that is a lot more steady -- they have control over it and that money can come into the family," says Lucey, who is based in Rhode Island, in the United States. "In almost all cases we see them using that to spend on education for their children."

During her 20-year career as an energy executive, Lucey says she'd seen how access to electricity was fundamental for economic growth. But whilst working on large-scale energy projects in developing countries, she also realized that the pressing needs of many poor individuals were still not being served. After dark, houses not connected to the electricity grid rely mainly on open-flame kerosene lamps for light. Such lanterns, however, pose fire hazards, emit toxic fumes and a put a strain on family budgets.

"You really can't raise up above subsistence living if you don't have light, electricity and energy," says Lucey. "And when you do have it, it's just tremendous what people are able to accomplish and the impact it has on people's lives: children can study more and go to school, women can start businesses and are able to provide for their families."

Read also: Pay-as-you-go solar power lights up rural Africa

According to Lighting Africa, a joint World Bank - International Finance Corporation program developed to increase access to clean sources of energy for lighting, 589 million people in the continent live without access to a public electricity facility. The group says African poor rural households and small businesses pay $10 billion per year for lighting purposes, while communities not connected to the grid spend $4.4 billion annually on kerosene.

If I can support my family, I feel good -- other than seeking helplessly and looking for everything to be sponsored.
Eva Walusimbi, Solar Sister entrepreneur

Lucey says ending a culture of dependency on aid is crucial to help people escape economic hardship and deal with the issue of energy poverty.

She explains: "There's not enough philanthropy in the world to solve this problem," she says. "A third of the world population doesn't have access to electricity -- it's not going to be solved by philanthropy, it's going to be solved by some kind of market mechanism where people have access to this product ... and purchase as they need it."

So far, more than 270 entrepreneurs in Uganda, Rwanda and South Sudan have joined Solar Sister. Lucey says the group, which is looking to expand in other counties in the continent, is deliberately working solely with women as they are responsible of managing the energy needs of a household.

"Women are the ones who walk miles to cut the wood; women are the ones who go to markets to buy kerosene -- so if we wanted to make the change that someone would say 'well, I'll quit the kerosene, I'm going to buy a solar lamp and use cleaner technology,' then it had to be the person who was in charge of making that decision and that's the women."

Back in Mityana, Walusimbi says her life has "changed enormously" since she started working with the group, using the extra money to cover her household and farm needs.

"It makes me feel proud to see that I'm bringing an income to my family," she says. "Because if I can support my family, I feel good -- other than seeking helplessly and looking for everything to be sponsored."

Part of complete coverage on
Marketplace Africa
updated 6:00 AM EST, Fri November 21, 2014
Fish from the tiny mountain kingdom of Lesotho are served in top Tokyo sushi spots.
updated 8:23 AM EST, Tue November 18, 2014
The world-famous waterfall is inspiring a local tourism boom as an increasing number of people is visiting Zimbabwe.
updated 5:07 AM EST, Tue November 11, 2014
Seychelles needed more than pristine beaches and choral reefs to boost its once troubled tourism industry.
updated 6:26 AM EDT, Wed October 22, 2014
A general view of the Hout Bay harbour covered in mist is seen on May 8, 2010 from the Chapman's peak road on the outskirts of Cape Town. Chapman's peak road is the coastal link between Cape Town and the Cape of Good Hope. When following the African coastline from the equator the Cape of Good Hope marks the psychologically important point where one begins to travel more eastward than southward, thus the first rounding of the cape in 1488 by Portuguese explorer Bartolomeu Dias was a major milestone in the attempts by the Portuguese to establish direct trade relations with the Far East. He called the cape Cabo Tormentoso. As one of the great capes of the South Atlantic Ocean, the Cape of Good Hope has been of special significance to sailors for many years and is widely referred to by them simply as 'the Cape'. It is a major milestone on the clipper route followed by clipper ships to the Far East and Australia, and still followed by several offshore yacht races. AFP PHOTO/GIANLUIGI GUERCIA (Photo credit should read GIANLUIGI GUERCIA/AFP/Getty Images)
Abandoned workshops and empty warehouses are getting a new lease of life in Cape Town.
updated 6:37 AM EDT, Wed October 15, 2014
Inside a glove factory on the outskirts of Addis Ababa, busy laborers turn patches of leather into these fashionable garments.
updated 6:50 AM EDT, Thu October 9, 2014
The Somali capital now has its first-ever ATM bank machine -- and it dispenses U.S. dollars.
updated 5:11 AM EDT, Thu October 9, 2014
Waves lap at the ships as they pull into the Port of Ngqura, but no swell is stopping the local economy booming.
updated 11:24 AM EDT, Fri October 3, 2014
In Uganda, a group of landmine victims are using banana fiber to create rope, profit and community.
updated 9:37 AM EDT, Thu September 25, 2014
What does it mean to be Nigerian? That's the question on the lips of many in Nigeria as new national identity cards are being rolled out.
updated 7:05 AM EDT, Thu September 18, 2014
 General view of an oil offshore platform owned by Total Fina Elf in the surroundings waters of the Angolan coast 15 October 2003. The 11 members of the OPEC oil cartel have agreed to slash output by a million barrels a day, the OPEC president said 11 October 2006, in a move aimed at shoring up sliding world crude prices.
Six of the top 10 global oil and gas discoveries last year were made in Africa -- but can these finds transform the continent?
updated 6:21 AM EST, Thu February 20, 2014
A South African app allows buyers to pay for goods using their phone, without having to worry about carrying cash or credit cards.
updated 7:27 PM EST, Thu December 12, 2013
African astronomers want world-class observatories to inspire young scientists and build a tech economy.
updated 10:23 AM EST, Wed February 19, 2014
A Zambian computer tablet -- known as the ZEduPad -- is trying to open up the country's information highway.
updated 5:57 AM EST, Thu January 9, 2014
South Africa may be the dominant force in Africa's wine economy, but other countries are making inroads in the industry.
updated 5:27 AM EDT, Thu October 10, 2013
Eko Atlantic city design concept
A lack of infrastructure has hindered Africa's development, but a series of megaprojects could change that.
Each week Marketplace Africa covers the continent's macro trends and interviews a major player from the region's business community.