Skip to main content

Bradley Manning says he considered suicide while in military custody

By Larry Shaughnessy, CNN Pentagon Producer
updated 7:10 AM EST, Fri November 30, 2012
STORY HIGHLIGHTS
  • NEW: Manning says he didn't have handcuffs or leg restraints while at Fort Leavenworth
  • Hearing focuses on Manning's time in military brig at Quantico, Virginia
  • Defense wants case dismissed on grounds Manning's confinement harsh
  • The defense has said it plans to have Manning plead guilty to lesser charges

Fort Meade, Maryland (CNN) -- Army private Bradley Manning, charged in the largest leak of classified material in American history, spoke at length on Thursday about his treatment in military custody, saying he grew distressed and considered suicide.

In a clear voice and often gesturing with his hands at a hearing at Ft. Meade, Maryland, the bespectacled Manning described his experiences publicly for the first time since his arrest more than two years ago.

The hearing was held to consider a defense motion to have his case dismissed on grounds that his confinement so far, especially his time at the brig in Quantico, Virginia, has been harsh and has amounted to enough punishment.

At the very least, his lawyers hope the judge would take his experiences during confinement into account and sharply reduce his sentence should he be convicted at his court-martial, which is set to begin early next year.

The defense has said it plans to have Manning plead guilty to lesser offenses and fight other charges as being too extreme.

Graham Nash stands up for whistleblower
One on one with Julian Assange

The Army intelligence analyst is accused of stealing thousands of classified documents while serving in Iraq. The material was then published online by WikiLeaks. WikiLeaks has never confirmed that Manning was the source of its information.

Counts against Manning include aiding the enemy, wrongfully causing intelligence to be published on the Internet, transmitting national defense information and theft of public property or records.

If he's convicted on all counts, he could face a life sentence.

Officer says not pressured over jailing of accused WikiLeaker

He discussed his arrest in Iraq and his transfer to Kuwait, where he was held for a nearly two months before being transferred to the brig at Marine Base Quantico in Virginia in July 2010.

He said he once passed out due to the heat. He also said not being allowed to know what was happening to him or in the outside world was distressing.

He contemplated suicide in Kuwait.

"My world just shrunk to Camp Arafjon, to that cage," Manning said. "I thought I was going to die in that cage."

A Navy psychiatrist testified on Wednesday that he believed Manning was a potential suicide risk when he arrived at the Quantico brig, where he was held from July 2010 until April 2011, when he was moved to the military prison at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas.

But Capt. William Hocter said his regular recommendations to ease Manning's heightened confinement status within weeks of his arrival in Virginia were not acted upon by commanders.

"The degree of concern of his safety and security was higher than anything I'd previously seen," Hocter said of Manning's time at Quantico.

The Pentagon has maintained Manning was held in accordance with rules governing all maximum-custody detainees at Quantico, for his protection and the safety of others. His status was called prevention of injury.

Manning said he spent most days at Quantico in his small cell -- at least 21 hours and often more than 23 hours -- with no company. Manning said he was only allowed a mattress, blanket, flip-flops, some clothes and his glasses.

He said he tried to keep moving, because sleeping during the day or even laying down was against the rules.

He was seen dancing by himself in his cell, with no music or playing "peek-a-boo" with himself in the cell mirror. Manning explained that he wasn't acting crazy.

"I'm bored, not a lot going on, not a lot to do," he said.

Manning said he always slept with light from outside his cell in his eyes. If guards could not see his face when he rolled over at night, he said they would wake him to roll back over.

He also began to feel the way he felt in the "cage" in Kuwait, when he contemplated suicide. "I started going back to Kuwait mode, that dark hole," Manning said.

But months passed, over which time Manning and his attorney asked periodically why his status wasn't eased, saying he had not been violent and had not tried to hurt himself.

To show he wasn't a danger, Manning said he told a non-commissioned officer in the brig at one point that he could have used the "waist band of my underwear or my flip flops" to hurt himself, but hadn't done so.

That night he was forced to sleep naked. His underwear, flip flops and glasses were removed from his cell.

The next morning during a head count, he said he was forced to stand naked in front of the guards and other inmates. Contrary to earlier testimony, Manning said he was never given a chance to cover himself with his blanket.

His life changed, he said, upon his arrival at Fort Leavenworth. For the first time in nine months, he could move his arms and legs freely without handcuffs or leg iron restraints.

"I was expecting to be put back in restraints," Manning testified. "I knew they were going to put the hammer down eventually."

Instead, he moved freely among other inmates.

Eight months into his time at the Kansas base, Manning said he heard another inmate talking about him and tried to punch him in "the face and ended up hitting him in the shoulder."

The altercation earned Manning 15 days of disciplinary segregation and 14 days of extra duty. Lt. Col. Dawn Hilton, from Fort Leavenworth, testified by phone earlier Thursday that this December fight was Manning's only problem while there.

Manning was questioned by defense lawyers for about five and a half hours Thursday. Prosecutors will get their chance to query him Friday, and the hearing is scheduled to end the next day.

Assange disregards questions on free press, his reported ill health

ADVERTISEMENT
Part of complete coverage on
WikiLeaks
updated 12:38 PM EST, Thu November 10, 2011
From "Climategate" to leaked diplomatic cables, CNN takes an inside look at the WikiLeaks organization.
updated 2:02 PM EDT, Wed July 16, 2014
A detention order against WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange on sexual assault allegations should remain in place, a Swedish judge ruled.
updated 2:49 PM EDT, Tue June 17, 2014
A U.S. soldier imprisoned for leaking documents to WikiLeaks broke her silence in a fiery editorial accusing the United States of lying about Iraq.
updated 8:44 PM EDT, Sun March 9, 2014
WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange said that everyone in the world will be just as effectively monitored soon -- at least digitally.
updated 7:58 PM EST, Thu January 2, 2014
There have been other leaks before Edward Snowden and Bradley Manning.
updated 2:00 AM EDT, Wed July 31, 2013
A military judge acquitted Army Pfc. Bradley Manning of aiding the enemy, but convicted him of violations of the Espionage Act for turning over a trove of classified data to the website WikiLeaks.
updated 8:50 PM EDT, Tue July 30, 2013
Bradley Manning is naturally adept at computers, smart and opinionated, even brash, according to those who say they know him.
updated 12:34 PM EDT, Sun June 23, 2013
assange snowden
WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange urged the world to "stand with" Edward Snowden, the man who admitted leaking top-secret details about U.S. surveillance programs.
updated 7:46 AM EDT, Tue June 11, 2013
Julian Assange, the founder of WikiLeaks, knows something about secrets and what happens when they're exposed.
updated 7:11 PM EDT, Mon June 3, 2013
Prosecutors say a 25-year-old Army private accused of aiding the nation's enemies through the largest leak of classified information in U.S. history "craved" notoriety.
updated 10:07 AM EDT, Thu August 16, 2012
From the issuing of an arrest warrant, to a decision on Assange's asylum, see how the story has developed.
updated 3:49 PM EDT, Sat June 30, 2012
Julian Assange is waiting to hear if Ecuador will grant him asylum. He's dangling from a cliff, for sure. Hanging by a pinky next to him -- WikiLeaks.
updated 12:25 PM EDT, Mon October 29, 2012
Holed up in Ecuador's Embassy in London, Julian Assange talks at length about his life and motivations.
updated 8:20 PM EDT, Sun August 19, 2012
Assange's move is dramatic, but he's not the first person to seek an escape route through a diplomatic mission. Here are some key precedents.
updated 5:31 AM EDT, Wed May 30, 2012
assange
Assange is a self-appointed champion of free speech and the founder of a web operation that has greatly antagonized the U.S. government.
updated 9:02 PM EDT, Thu July 5, 2012
WikiLeaks said it has begun publishing some 2.4 million e-mails from Syrian politicians, government ministries and companies dating back to 2006.
ADVERTISEMENT
ADVERTISEMENT
ADVERTISEMENT
ADVERTISEMENT