- At least 101 people are killed in Syria, says an opposition group
- The Arab League is expected to hold a meeting Sunday in Saudi Arabia
- Turkey and the United States agree to set up a working group
- Turkish officials express frustration on what they see as lack of U.S. support
Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said Saturday the United States would start to develop contingency plans with its Turkish allies in the event that the embattled Syrian regime collapses.
Her announcement in Istanbul came 17 months into an escalating crisis that has claimed more than 17,000 lives and forced an estimated 150,000 refugees to flee into neighboring nations, including Turkey, which is hosting 50,000 people.
"There is a very clear understanding about the need to end this conflict quickly, but not doing it in a way that produces even more deaths, injuries and destruction," Clinton said after talks with her Turkish counterpart, Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoglu.
Clinton said the two countries have agreed to set up a working group to help coordinate their response to the crisis going forward.
"We have been closely coordinating over the course of this conflict, but now we need to get into the real details of such operational planning. And it needs to be across both of our governments," she said. "Certainly our two ministries are coordinating much of it, but our intelligence services, our military, have very important responsibilities and roles to play."
Turkey, which is in the process of building four more refugee camps, has long been calling for more U.S. support.
"We would like to see more support from the U.S. on Syria," said a senior Turkish government official. "Sometimes we feel very much alone."
He spoke on condition of anonymity because he is not authorized to speak to the media.
Turkey also has hosted Syrian groups opposed to President Bashar al-Assad's regime and is a vital transport route for opposition fighters and weapons into Syria.
After a first round of discussions between Clinton and Davutoglu,Turkish officials said Washington was finally recognizing the gravity of the situation.
"I think they are now understanding," said an official from Turkey's foreign ministry, also speaking on condition of anonymity.
The official said Clinton's team specifically requested Saturday's talks focus on the Syria crisis.
"They want to be more proactive, more engaged, more included," the Turkish diplomat said.
Clinton highlighted three areas of concern as fighting rages within Syria: massive displacement and migration of affected Syrians, preventing chaos in a power vacuum and checking the threat of chemical weapons.
"Our goal, No. 1, is to hasten the end of the bloodshed and the Assad regime. That is our strategic goal, and we have to analyze everything against that goal," Clinton said.
Clinton announced an extra $5 million in aid for the United Nations refugee agency. Washington was already providing $25 million in non-lethal aid to the Syrian opposition, including communications equipment.
Davutoglu raised concerns about the rise of regional terrorist groups amid instability, specifically the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) rebels who have fought a cross-border guerrilla war against the Turkish state for more than a quarter century.
In recent weeks, PKK members have raised the movement's flag over several ethnic Kurdish communities along Syria's border with Turkey, triggering alarms in Ankara.
"Yes, we worry about terrorists, PKK, al Qaeda and others taking advantage of the legitimate fight of the Syrian people for their freedom, to use Syria to promote their own agendas, and even to perhaps find footholds to launch attacks against others," Clinton said.
One analyst said Clinton's meeting with Turkish officials "had to do with implications of Aleppo operations" and the possibility of an extended influx of refugees from Aleppo into Turkey.
"But more importantly, there is essentially a pocket of territory north of Aleppo that is outside regime control," said Andrew Tabler of the Washington Institute for Near East Policy.
"If the opposition declares it liberated territory, Turkey and the U.S. will be under pressure to set up a safe zone in one way or another," he said.
Clinton did not specifically address the issue of a safe zone or a no-fly zone in Turkey, but she said that any action taken should not catalyze more brutality.
"It's one thing to talk about all kinds of potential actions, but you cannot make reasoned decisions without doing intense analysis and operational planning," she said.
In Turkey, Clinton also met with Syrian opposition activists whom she described as being committed to building a pluralistic, democratic and inclusive society.
One activist, who did not want to be named because U.S. officials requested participants not talk to the media, said Clinton asked questions about opposition figures inside Syria. "She wanted to know who the U.S. should give money to, and who they should not give money to," the activist said.
Meanwhile, the Arab League announced that its foreign ministers will meet in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, on Sunday to discuss what to do in the wake of the resignation of Kofi Annan, the official Saudi Press Agency (SPA) reported. Annan was the U.N-Arab League special envoy to Syria.
It was not immediately clear whether the Saudi foreign minister would attend the meeting. Prince Saud al-Faisal underwent minor surgery after suffering a blockage in his intestines, SPA reported.
The diplomacy is occurring amid fresh fighting in Syria.
At least 101 people were killed Saturday, the Local Coordination Committees (LCC) for Syria said, including 16 in Aleppo, Syria's largest city that has become a key battleground.
Syrian state-run TV proclaimed success against "armed terrorist groups" in Aleppo, saying "our armed forces managed to kill and injure a number of these terrorists in these clashes."
The LCC reported heavy aerial bombardment and two missiles landing on residential buildings.
In the capital, Damascus, the LCC reported an explosion followed by heavy gunfire in the central city.
The state-run news agency SANA said the head of its internal news department was killed by terrorists at his home in the Damascus countryside.
In Al-Tal, a town near Damascus, activist Rema appealed for help amid three days of attacks that have left people without electricity, water and communications.
"There are still dead bodies on several roads," she told CNN via Skype. "Al-Hassan and al-Zahraa, the two main hospitals serving the town have been destroyed, and people are treating the injured in their homes. We are suffering a huge lack of medical supplies."
Meanwhile, in neighboring Lebanon, a military court accused a high-ranking politician of terrorism, the state-run National News Agency said.
The court said Michel Samaha -- a controversial figure with close ties to Dasmacus -- attempted to form an armed group to spread sectarian violence through plotting political and religious assassinations.
Samaha, a former minister, is under military investigation and is expected to be questioned Monday, the news agency said. Two Syrian security officers were also charged, including Brig. Gen. Ali Mamlouk, the newly-appointed head of the national security bureau.