Inside Indonesia's Surabaya Zoo – Indonesia's Surabaya Zoo was once one of the country's finest, but in recent years standards have declined to the point where 25 animals were dying each month. This caged Macaw has plucked out its feathers due to stress from living in cramped conditions, zookeepers say.
Inside Indonesia's Surabaya Zoo – The Indonesian government took over the zoo in 2010 and appointed a temporary team to raise standards. However, a lack of investment means these pelicans barely have enough room to spread their wings.
Inside Indonesia's Surabaya Zoo – A pelican nurses her chick in an enclosure it shares with about 160 others at the Indonesian zoo. The mortality rate of all animals at the zoo has fallen since the government stepped in, but around 15 are still dying each month.
Inside Indonesia's Surabaya Zoo – At Surabaya Zoo, a baby elephant struggles to walk with chains on his feet in a cramped concrete cell. One of the keepers tells Tony Sumampau, the man tasked with improving conditions, that the chains are used to train the young elephant to walk.
Inside Indonesia's Surabaya Zoo – Tigers at Indonesia's Surabaya Zoo are kept in small cages and take it in turns to walk around a small enclosure outside. A Sumatran tiger "Betina" is so sick she cannot keep any food down. A few cages away is another emaciated white tiger "Santi."
Inside Indonesia's Surabaya Zoo – Indonesian zoo staff tend to "Kliwon," a 30-year-old giraffe on March 1, 2012, who later died. An autopsy showed the adult male had swallowed 18 kilograms, or 40 pounds, of plastic, mainly food wrappings.