Skip to main content
Part of complete coverage on

Opinion: 'The Washington Well of Hope'

By Barbara Frost, Special to CNN
updated 10:35 PM EDT, Wed March 21, 2012
A boy collects water from an underground rainwater harvesting tank in Ntarama Orphan Village, Bugesera district, Rwanda. A boy collects water from an underground rainwater harvesting tank in Ntarama Orphan Village, Bugesera district, Rwanda.
  • Poor water sanitation kills more children each year than AIDS, malaria and measles combined
  • Over three-quarters of a billion people do not have access to clean drinking water
  • International NGO WaterAid helps provide safe domestic water, sanitation and hygiene education

Editor's note: Barbara Frost has been Chief Executive of WaterAid since September 2005. Prior to joining WaterAid, Frost was Chief Executive of Action on Disability and Development for nine years working with disability organizations in 12 countries throughout Africa and Asia.

London (CNN) -- This April, in Washington D.C., ministers from developed and developing countries will discuss how we can prevent the unnecessary deaths of over a million children a year.

Death caused mostly by diarrhea due to a lack of safe drinking water and sanitation. Deaths that outnumber those caused by AIDS, malaria and measles combined. In fact, the biggest cause of child deaths in sub-Saharan Africa and the second biggest worldwide.

The Washington gathering, as part of the Sanitation and Water for all partnership, comes soon after the announcement that the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) target to halve the number of people who do not have access to safe drinking water has been achieved, a full five years ahead of the target date.

The news that an additional two billion people now have access to safe water in the last 20 years is certainly a cause for celebration, but our journey towards universal access to water still has some way to go. Now is not the time for complacency.

Despite this recent progress, 783 million people from the poorest and most dispossessed communities across the world do not have access to safe drinking water. They will be the hardest to reach, the most marginalized and excluded. If context was needed for the scale of the challenge, we are talking about reaching the equivalent of over two and a half times the population of the U.S. with clean water.

We should focus first and foremost on the poorest of the poor when investing in water. They must be our priority moving forward.

We are talking about reaching the equivalent of over two and a half times the population of the U.S. with clean water.
Barbara Frost, WaterAid

Basic systems that can be managed by communities themselves accounted for less than 20% of donor funding to the water and sanitation sector in 2010. This is a worrying statistic as it will leave many of the 783 million without access to safe water on the sidelines. You certainly won't hear these people celebrating achieving this water Millennium Development Goal when their need remains so great.

But more worrying still, is the consistent failure to achieve the other half of the same MDG goal -- that of halving the proportion of the population without access to basic sanitation.

A staggering 2.5 billion still live without toilets, and access to sanitation is one of the most off-track targets of the Millennium Development Goals, particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa. On current trends, it will be over 250 years before the region has universal access to both water and sanitation.

Graphic: How much water does the world waste?

Having clean water and safe sanitation transforms lives, such as that of Yacouba Doumbia a student from the Simba East school in Mali.

"I used to get sick, especially with stomach aches and headaches. Having the new toilet has made things easier for us because if we need to go to the latrine we can and there is water and soap to wash our hands after. We collect water from both the borehole and well," Doumbia said.

"We drink from the borehole and wash our clothes from the well. I can see a lot of difference. For me the borehole water is tastier. I used to get sick when I drunk from the well water. I used to suffer from stomach aches."

So the question is now how to get these services to everyone on the planet. How do we repeat the improvements in the lives of Yacouba and his community with the billions who are still waiting for these services?

That is the challenge facing the Sanitation and Water for All partnership when it holds its biennial meeting in April, a meeting I am honored to have been asked to participate in.

Thirsty for knowledge? Take the water security quiz

This group of ministers and officials are committed to the endeavor of bringing water and sanitation to all. We have to make sure that we back up their drive and ambition with the political will and the investment required to provide these essential services to every person on the planet.

We have it in our power to provide water and sanitation to everyone within a generation. Let's put ourselves on the path to achieving this crucial goal.

The opinions expressed in this article are solely those of Barbara Frost

Part of complete coverage on
updated 9:30 PM EST, Sun January 20, 2013
Patricia Wu looks at efforts to combat food waste in Hong Kong.
updated 9:33 PM EST, Sun January 13, 2013
CNN's Pauline Chiou goes to Hong Kong's annual toy fair to find out about the growing market for eco-friendly toys.
updated 11:15 PM EST, Sun December 30, 2012
CNN's Liz Neisloss reports on a roof that is only a sample of the greening of Singapore's skyline.
updated 9:16 PM EST, Tue December 18, 2012
A dam project in Cambodia could destroy livelihoods and ecosystems, says Conservation International
updated 10:22 PM EST, Mon December 17, 2012
Shipping lines, port authorities and technology companies are taking the initiative to go green and reduce costs.
updated 9:06 PM EST, Sun December 9, 2012
Less than 20 miles from Singapore's skyscrapers is a completely different set of high-rise towers.
updated 6:04 AM EST, Thu December 6, 2012
The Pitcairn Islands might only have 55 human inhabitants, but the waters surrounding them are teeming with marine life.
updated 10:22 PM EST, Sun December 2, 2012
Biofuel made from sugar cane waste in Brazil could revolutionize the global energy industry.
updated 9:58 PM EST, Sun November 25, 2012
Many believe that fuel-cell cars will overtake electric vehicles in the near future.
updated 3:20 AM EST, Mon November 19, 2012
Modern and sustainable buildings in the UAE are taking cues from an ancient Arabic design tradition.
updated 11:09 PM EST, Sun November 11, 2012
One man's artistic vision is distracting divers from Cancun's threatened underwater ecosystem.
updated 12:46 PM EST, Mon November 12, 2012
Lake Victoria, Africa's largest lake, has been plagued by water hyacinth plants for over two decades.
A turtle on Australia's Great Barrier Reef
Just how much are natural wonders like the Great Barrier Reef worth in monetary terms?