Nigeria rocked by 2nd day of nationwide protests

Nigerians strike over gas price increase
Nigerians strike over gas price increase

    JUST WATCHED

    Nigerians strike over gas price increase

MUST WATCH

Nigerians strike over gas price increase 01:44

Story highlights

  • "Revolution has come to Nigeria and the youth will spearhead it," a local journalist says
  • 16 people have died and 205 are injured following clashes, a Red Cross report says
  • Tensions are high in some areas, including Edo in the south and Kano to the north
  • The government's decision to end the subsidy has more than doubled fuel prices

Nigerians took to the streets for the second day of a nationwide strike Tuesday, showing their anger over a government decision that has more than doubled fuel prices in the largely impoverished country.

Some protests over the end of fuel subsidies were marred by clashes that left 16 people dead and 205 injured, according to a tally collected by the Nigerian Red Cross Tuesday.

The strike, continued religious violence in the north and a long-simmering separatist movement are all issues that have created growing problems for Goodluck Jonathan, the country's president, and fueled tensions on the street.

The southern state of Edo was a focus for much of the violence, according to the Red Cross figures, with five people killed and 83 injured.

The situation is tense amid rumors that people from the north will be attacked, and some 4,000 people have fled their homes and sought refuge in camps, the Red Cross report says.

Dan Enowoghomwenma, joint secretary of the Edo state branch of the Red Cross, told CNN three people had died Monday and two Tuesday, as different communities clashed in the state capital, Benin City.

One mosque building was burned and another vandalized, with cars and buses also set alight, before the police and military restored calm, he said. He told CNN he did not know if there was a religious motivation for the clashes.

Meanwhile, the situation in the northern Nigerian state of Kano was "generally chaotic" Tuesday, the Red Cross reported, with three people killed and 55 injured, some with gunshot wounds.

Police in the neighboring state of Kaduna, where one person was killed and three injured, used tear gas to try to disperse protesters gathered in front of the government house, the Red Cross said.

In the southwest, violence flared at some rallies in Lagos, the country's commercial capital, as protesters clashed with police, resulting in seven injuries and three deaths, the Red Cross said.

Three deaths were also reported in Bauchi, and one in Kwara, according to the Red Cross figures. Other states reported protests that were largely peaceful, despite outbreaks of vandalism and protesters burning tires or blocking roads.

CNN iReporter Eromo Egbejule, a Nigerian freelance journalist, attended a protest concert in Lagos Tuesday staged by musician Femi Kuti, son of the legendary Fela Kuti, and said he was proud to be there.

"Nigeria loves peace and this is why we are peacefully protesting, even though the Nigerian police and army have inflicted injuries and in some cases, killed innocent people," Egbejule said.

"Revolution has come to Nigeria and the youth will spearhead it. Until our demands are met, we are ready to protest every day and make sacrifices."

Jonathan tried to explain the need for the end of subsidies in a recent address, telling Nigerians that the government would invest the money in the country's crumbling infrastructure.

"My fellow Nigerians, the truth is that we're faced with two basic choices with regards to the management of the petroleum sector," Jonathan said. "Survive economically or continue with a subsidy regime that will continue to undermine our economy."

Nigerian finance minister talks strikes
Nigerian finance minister talks strikes

    JUST WATCHED

    Nigerian finance minister talks strikes

MUST WATCH

Nigerian finance minister talks strikes 04:28
PLAY VIDEO
Economic, sectarian tensions in Nigeria
Economic, sectarian tensions in Nigeria

    JUST WATCHED

    Economic, sectarian tensions in Nigeria

MUST WATCH

Economic, sectarian tensions in Nigeria 03:11
PLAY VIDEO
Addressing Nigeria's infrastructure
Addressing Nigeria's infrastructure

    JUST WATCHED

    Addressing Nigeria's infrastructure

MUST WATCH

Addressing Nigeria's infrastructure 01:54
PLAY VIDEO

But assurances from the president did not allay fears from many Nigerians who do not trust the government to use the money to improve the country's infrastructure.

Another CNN iReporter, 38-year-old filmmaker and web designer Oladapo Bamidele, who filmed protests in Lagos Monday, said Nigerians have lost faith in Jonathan's government.

"Nigerians are united in this cause to see corruption dealt with, and eventually removed," he said.

There have also been complaints from demonstrators that the police have responded too aggressively.

In Kano, a physician who was among the protesters Monday said police there fired on the crowd, injuring at least 13 people.

Demonstrators were gathered listening to speeches when police "suddenly came and some were shooting and some were throwing tear gas," said Shehi Ali, vice chairman of the Nigeria Medical Association.

Ali said one protester, a 12-year-old boy, was shot in the neck. Another protester was shot in the groin, he said.

But Kano Police Commissioner Ibrahim Idris denied that officers fired on protesters. He said that officers were forced to use tear gas on "miscreants and drug addicts" who had tried to storm the governor's residence.

Elsewhere, there have been more conflicting reports about the violence. Sanya Femi, a union official, said three union members had been killed by police gunfire during a peaceful protest in Lagos Monday. But Sunday Salailo, a trade union president, said he had no reports of union members dying.

Some analysts say the changes could help Nigeria in the future.

"If they're prepared to try this petroleum subsidy removal then perhaps they can push through electricity reform too. If they do that, Nigeria's growth can be instead of 7%-8% a year, 10% or 11%," said Charlie Robertson, a chief economist at the global investment firm Renaissance Capital.

But many Nigerians view the subsidy as the only benefit of living in an oil-producing country that has little infrastructure, poor roads, high unemployment and intermittent electric power.

"Though we know that in the long run, removal of (the) subsidy will help the economy, for now it is a high-profile lifestyle that is unbearable for most Nigerians, and soon the poorer ones will die out," said protester Diane Awunah.

      Nigeria

    • Islamist group extends campaign

      Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan has shifted his attitude toward the Islamist extremist group Boko Haram, as violence spreads.
    • Nigerian iReporters weigh in

      CNN iReporters helped chronicle the unfolding events in Nigeria since the beginning of the year by telling their stories.
    • lkl elbagir nigeria kano bombing_00000608

      Campaign of violence in Nigeria

      Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan has suddenly shifted his attitude toward the Islamist extremist group Boko Haram, as violence spreads across northern Nigeria.
    • for use with cnnphotos- putting a face on Nigeria's "paradise lost"

      Photos: Nigeria's 'Paradise lost'

      As a native of oil-rich Nigeria, photographer George Osodi says he has seen the devastation, conflict and injustice caused by drilling for the "black gold."
    • Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan attends the polio eradication press conference at the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting (CHOGM) in Perth on October 29, 2011.

      Nigeria's embattled president

      When elected president in April 2011, he was described as "Nigeria's Obama," just nine months later, Jonathan's popularity has plummeted.
    • mann.nigeria.bombings_00002614

      Who are Boko Haram?

      The Islamic militant group have attacked churches and government targets across the country's northeast.
    • The devastating scene outside St Theresa Catholic Church near the Nigerian capital Abuja on Sunday.

      What next for Nigeria's government?

      Nigeria's rulers face rising religious violence in the north, a long-simmering separatist movement in the south and now a nationwide strike.
    • Protesters walk past a bonfire on Ikorodu Road in Lagos, Nigeria on January 09, 2012.

      Is a 'Nigerian Spring' next?

      Two issues are currently intensifying fears of a 'Nigerian Spring': the removal of fuel subsidies and the rise radical Islamist terrorists.
    • Gbenga said: "Thousands of people took to the street of Akure... it is part of me to fight against injustice."

      Open Story: Nigeria protests

      Nigerians are protesting the government's decision to end fuel subsidies that kept prices down. If you're protesting in Nigeria help us tell your story.
    • Bonfires set ablaze by protesters outside Lagos State University. iReporter Lawal Adekunle Olusegun said: "I know a lot of people around are suffering and going through a hard time the fuel subsidy is only making things worse for a lot of people."

      Oil economics fuel deadly protests

      On the streets of Nigeria, we bear witness to what many see as a bold decision on fuel subsidies is also uncovering decades of frustration and corruption.
    • This picture, taken by iReporter Medaiyese Olorunjuwon shows the armed forces monitoring protesters in the city of Ilorin, Kwara State capital. Olorunjuwon said: "The protesters were cheering the armed forces... All in all it was peaceful."

      iReporters on the frontlines

      Nigerian iReporters give CNN an on-the-ground look at the general strike currently underway in Nigeria, as they share their stories and perspectives.
    • Caterina (L) celebrates with Kinabuti model, Lizzie during a concert in Marine Base Waterfront with Nneka and Duncan Mighty the day after the Kinabuti fashion launch in December 2010.

      Inside Africa

      For an insight into the diverse cultural trends and personalities that help define Africa beyond the traditional headlines.