Editor's note: Amy Gahran writes about mobile tech for CNN.com. She is a San Francisco Bay Area writer and media consultant whose blog, Contentious.com, explores how people communicate in the online age.
(CNN) -- Few people would say they actually enjoy contacting their wireless carrier for customer service. But if you have a contract for your cell phone, you'll probably get slightly better service, according to a new survey from J.D. Power and Associates.
This survey of U.S. consumers measures overall customer-care performance on a 1,000-point scale. Cell phone users who sign a contract for wireless service gave an average rating of 761 points for their customer-care experience, in contrast to an average 738 points for no-contract and prepaid users.
Why the difference? It's mostly about hold time. Noncontract customers reported holding 5.5 minutes on average before speaking to a live representative, just over a minute longer than the average wait for contract customers.
Kirk Parsons, J.D. Power's senior director of wireless services, said that when customer care reps can access more customer information, hold times drop.
"Full-service providers generally have access to existing account information that helps identify the customer immediately once contact is made," he said.
But the quality of interactions also counts. On this front, noncontract wireless customers reported being considerably less satisfied with representatives' knowledge of their plans -- and with their seemingly apathetic attitude.
Among the major carriers that offer cell phone contracts, Verizon Wireless received J.D. Power's highest ranking, followed closely by T-Mobile. (Recently Verizon has been touting how one of its customer-care representatives helped a customer get help during a life-threatening emergency.)
AT&T and Sprint tied for the bottom ranking -- which may not bode well for current T-Mobile customers if the planned AT&T acquisition of T-Mobile ends up happening.
Among noncontract providers, Boost Mobile received the highest ranking and Virgin Mobile and Net10 the lowest.
Smartphone owners tend to need more customer service. According to the survey, 48% of smartphone owners have contacted their carrier with an issue in the last six months, compared to 35% of other cell phone users. Since the vast majority of U.S. smartphones come with carrier contracts, then maybe it's not so surprising that 40% of calls from contract customers concerned phone malfunctions or repairs.
In terms of customer service, smartphone users and feature phone users reported nearly identical average levels of overall satisfaction.
There's a dark side to this story. Recently the Wall Street Journal reported that even though the U.S. wireless industry is booming, it has also been shedding U.S. jobs (especially customer service jobs) at a fast clip.
According to WSJ: "In May, on the heels of a record year for industry revenue, employment at U.S. wireless carriers hit a 12-year low of 166,600, according to U.S. Labor Department figures. ... That's about 20,000 fewer jobs than when the recession ended in June 2009 and 2,000 fewer than a year ago.
"While the industry's revenue has grown 28% since 2006, when wireless employment peaked at 207,000 workers, its mostly nonunion work force has shrunk about 20%."
And: "The number of customer-service workers at wireless carriers dropped to 33,580 last year from 55,930 in 2007, according to the Labor Department.
" 'It used to be you had to scale your customer-care resources linearly with the number of customers you had,' said Dan Hays, a telecom consultant. 'We don't do that anymore.' "
The opinions expressed in this post are solely those of Amy Gahran.