(CNN Student News) -- November 11, 2010
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CARL AZUZ, CNN STUDENT NEWS ANCHOR: On this Veterans Day, November 11th, all of us here at CNN Student News salute everyone who has served in the U.S. Armed Services. Hello. My name is Carl Azuz.
AZUZ: First up, South Korea. That country is the third stop on President Obama's trip to Asia. He landed in the South Korean capital on Wednesday. While he is there, he'll meet with South Korea's president. He'll also have a sit-down with the president of China. And he'll give a speech to U.S. troops who are serving in South Korea.
President Obama will attend the G-20, or Group of 20, Summit. This is an economic meeting and one that could be tense. Some countries who are in the G-20 have criticized other members for their economic decisions. The U.S. and China are two examples. Josh Levs is going to explain a little bit more now about who's in the G-20 and what this group does.
JOSH LEVS, CNN CORRESPONDENT: We're talking about a critical group of 20 nations here. In fact, they're all in red behind me on this map. Now, I'm not going to name them all for you, but the idea is here that the G-20 takes the world's most powerful economies -- the biggest, largest economies in the world -- and combines it with a lot of the developing economies as well. So, you've got a lot of the usual suspects, the big players: U.S., China, Russia, France. You've also got Brazil in there; you've got Indonesia; you've got Mexico. And all combined, when you put all these nations together, they comprise 85% of the world's economy. So this, what they decide there, can have a massive impact on the entire world.
AZUZ: Over in the United Kingdom, the UK, the government's trying to cut some debt by letting universities raise tuition. The UK has a limit on how much schools can charge. But this plan would triple that limit. Students, no surprise, don't like this idea. Organizers say 50,000 protesters hit the streets Wednesday to speak out against the proposal. The protests started out peacefully, but they didn't all end up that way. Some people smashed windows and broke into buildings. The student group that organized the tuition protests called the violence despicable. One organizer blamed it on other people who he says used the student protest as a way to just cause destruction. Police were called in to help calm things down. Officials say more than 30 people were arrested.
JOHN LISK, CNN STUDENT NEWS: Today's Shoutout goes out to Mrs. Thompson's 7th grade American history classes at Loranger Middle School in Loranger, Louisiana! The Food and Drug Administration is part of what U.S. government agency? Is it the: A) Agriculture Dept., B) Environmental Protection Agency, C) Interior Dept. or D) Health and Human Services Dept.? You've got three seconds -- GO! The FDA is part of the Health and Human Services Department. That's your answer and that's your Shoutout!
AZUZ: Okay, teachers, this next report includes some images that some viewers might find disturbing. According to the FDA, that's the point. What we're talking about are the warnings on cigarettes. The government's planning to update those warnings and include pictures, and they're not gonna be pulling any punches. One picture would show a baby who's exposed to cigarette smoke. Another shows the potential physical effects of smoking. Right now, the public can weigh in on the proposed images. Some critics are saying smokers already know the risks, and they'll just throw the packages out. If the plan moves forward, the new pictures could be on cigarette packages within two years. The FDA says the goal is to make the consequences of smoking obvious "every time someone picks up a pack of cigarettes."
Fast Food Toy Ban
AZUZ: Back in April, we reported on a proposal out of San Francisco to ban toys from some of the kids' fast food meals at restaurants. This was very controversial, but the majority of the San Francisco board of supervisors thought it was a good idea. The board voted 8-3 for the ban this week. The new law says fast food restaurants can't include toys in kids' meals that have too many calories. They either have to ditch the toy or make the meals healthier. One official says the goal is to fight childhood obesity. McDonald's, whose Happy Meals were the specific focus of this ban, says it's disappointed with the decision. The company argues that its menu already offers parents healthy choices.
Is This Legit?
TOMEKA JONES, CNN STUDENT NEWS: Is this legit? World War I is sometimes known as the "Great War." This is true. It's also known as "the war to end all wars."
AZUZ: Of course, as you know, World War I didn't end all wars. But it ended itself on this very day in 1918 with the implementation of the armistice. That anniversary would eventually become Veterans Day, a time to honor every man and woman who has ever served in the U.S. military. As part of our Veterans Day coverage, we want to take you to a cemetery in Long Island for a special ceremony that happens once every month.
MICHAEL PICERNO, DIRECTOR, CALVERTON NATIONAL CEMETERY: Today, we are here to honor the memory of over 20 veterans. We're at the Calverton National Cemetery on the eastern end of Long Island, here to perform an NOA service.
LOU DILEO, BUGLER: NOA stands for No One in Attendance. In other words, these soldiers that have come here do not have any family, no mourners, no one to pay them tribute. They're just left here to be buried.
PICERNO: This ceremony started at the Calverton Cemetery about five years ago when several of our employees realized that there were these veterans interred here without family or friends at the burial ceremony. We thought it would be a fitting tribute to them to have some of our employees and some veterans from the local community come and pay tribute to these individuals on a monthly basis.
FERDINAND A. MEGGS JR., CEMETERY REPRESENTATIVE: They're veterans that have served this country and it's important that we honor them, whether they have family here or not. And it's our obligation to do it and it's an honor.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Private First Class Phillip Martorano, U.S. Army.
PICERNO: Reading their names individually is something that's quite meaningful, connecting their rank, their name, their branch of service, and realizing that these are people who did take time out of their life to defend their country.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Specialist Fourth Class Jim Harrington, Jr., U.S. Army. Private Bernard Rowland, U.S. Army. Senior Airman Hadi Mansur, U.S. Air Force.
MEGGS: I try to picture them. I try to picture who they are and all that they did for the military.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Today, we remember all of them.
DILEO: The NOA service is sad, to think that a soldier is here and there was no family, no friends. We don't know why. All that we know is that a flag covered his coffin. So, we offer him the respect and the honor that he deserves for serving his country. We are now his family and he's being buried with his comrades in arms. Mission well done. God bless. Rest in peace.
AZUZ: You students have some great ideas about the best way to honor America's living veterans. Katie on our Facebook site suggests something simple: "Just let them know that we all respect and thank veterans for serving our country." Ashley echoes that, saying her dad is just now out of the military. She says "he'd love any simple gesture." On our blog, Conor suggests "volunteering to help veterans, donating to organizations that help them or simply taking a moment to think about what they've done and what they've sacrificed." Amanda suggests "making veterans cards to let them know how thankful we are for their service." Hunter says to "give a few minutes of silence with your family or friends. There is so much we need to be thankful for and appreciate, but we don't always have the time." And Dalton describes veterans' service to America like this: "The reason I am able to go to school and write this response right now, and later go to work and then go home to a nice cozy bed."
Before We Go
AZUZ: Lee Kluger is an Atlanta-area pilot I've had the privilege of flying with. You're about to meet him. He has a very unique way of honoring veterans.
LEE KLUGER, BIPLANE ADVENTURES: A lot of people who fly with us are from World War II generation. Uh, a lot of them were veterans that maybe trained in these aircraft, flew in these aircraft.
AZUZ: And this is how they can soar back to their flight training days. There aren't a lot of electronics on an N3N biplane from 1941. No overhead storage bin or autopilot, just the controls at your hands and feet, the wind rushing by your ears, and the open sky over your head. For some of the veteran pilots who climb back into one of these, it's a time machine to their youth, the adventure, the excitement, and the memories of young men who went on to become heroes.
AZUZ: That ends today's show on an up note. And if you know anyone who has served in the military, we encourage you to thank them. CNN Student News thanks all of our veteran viewers, and their children, watching around the world.