(CNN Student News) -- July 8, 2010
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THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.
CARL AZUZ, CNN STUDENT NEWS ANCHOR: Broadcasting from CNN's world headquarters in Atlanta, Georgia, I'm Carl Azuz. This is our special, summer edition of CNN Student News!
AZUZ: And of course, we welcome all of you! At Facebook.com/CNNStudentNews, a student named Makayla guessed what story would be first up today: the Gulf oil spill. Yes, this thing is still going. This video is from July 6th. If it looks like some of the video you've seen from the past few months, that's because it is. Oil is still gushing out of that well in the Gulf of Mexico. Has been since late April. Officials estimate that somewhere between 1.5 and 2.5 million gallons of oil are leaking out every day. This animation shows how the oil has spread around the Gulf since the leak started.
Officials have tried a lot of ways to stop the leak underwater. They're also trying to deal with the oil that's on the surface. That's what this is for. It is the world's largest oil skimmer. This thing is three-and-a-half football fields long. And the company that owns it says it can skim up to 2 million gallons of oil off the sea every day. It's going through some tests right now to see how it'll deal with the conditions in the Gulf.
Now normally, it's summer, and it's time for people to head to the beach. That's certainly what the Gulf Coast is hoping for. Tourism is a huge industry down there. But the spill is making some people hesitant about visiting, and that could have serious economic consequences for the region. Reynolds Wolf caught up with some tourists on the Gulf Coast to find out about how they feel about this situation.
ARLENE REESE, BEACHGOER: It's kind of disappointing. It's sad to see this. Yeah, very disappointing.
REYNOLDS WOLF, CNN CORRESPONDENT: No easy solution, is it?
REESE: No easy solution, yeah. We're too afraid to let the kids get in the water. We don't know what's out there, what kind of problems it'll cause in the future.
AZUZ: President Obama has been down to the Gulf several times since all this started. He's scheduled to make another trip there soon. But some people say that is not enough. Local officials are pushing for more help from the federal government; they say this spill affects a lot more than just the Gulf Coast.
JOHN YOUNG, JEFFERSON PARISH COUNCIL CHAIRMAN: This is not just a Louisiana problem, this is a national problem. We need the American people to call their congressmen, their senators and put pressure on the Congress and the Senate, as well as the president of the United States.
AZUZ: There is a long-term plan in place. That is the relief wells -- two of them -- that are being worked on right now. Those should be ready by August, and at least one official says they'll be a big part of helping to stop the oil leak.
Is this Legit?
JOHN LISK, CNN STUDENT NEWS: Is this legit? Gen. David Petraeus is the commander of NATO forces in Afghanistan. Legit! Gen. Petraeus previously served as commander of coalition forces in Iraq.
AZUZ: Gen. Petraeus formally took over in Afghanistan on the 4th of July. He may be the new commander there, but he says the goal in Afghanistan is the same: helping Afghan leaders develop their own forces so that they can take charge of security in their country.
Gen. Petraeus is taking over in Afghanistan from the man you see here; he's Gen. Stanley McChrystal. McChrystal stepped down from his position after an article came out in Rolling Stone magazine. The article included quotes from Gen. McChrystal and some of his staff, criticizing key members of the Obama administration. The Senate unanimously confirmed Gen. Petraeus to take over. One of the big issues that came up during his confirmation hearing was President Obama's plan to start pulling U.S. troops out of Afghanistan in 2011. Gen. Petraeus says he supports that plan, but he thinks it ought to be based on the conditions in Afghanistan.
AZUZ: And sticking with news of the Obama administration, it is suing the state of Arizona. The issue is the state's new immigration law that takes effect later on this month. Here's what this is all about: If police in Arizona have reason to stop someone, and if police think the person might be in the U.S. illegally, the new law requires them to ask for proof that the person's allowed to be in the country. The law also cracks down on anyone who hires illegal immigrants. The Obama administration's argument is based on the supremacy clause of the U.S. Constitution. It says when state and federal laws conflict with each other, the federal law is the one that counts. But Arizona's governor argues that her state's law doesn't conflict with federal law; she says it actually complements it. What do American citizens say about the law? In a CNN poll taken in late May, most sided with Arizona: 57 percent favoring the law, 37 percent opposing it, 6 percent having no opinion.
TOMEKA JONES, CNN STUDENT NEWS: Time for the Shoutout! The word "leader" can be traced back to what language? If you think you know it, shout it out! Is it: A) Greek, B) Middle English, C) Latin or D) Sumerian? Three seconds on the clock -- GO! "Leader" comes from Middle and Old English. It can also be traced back to German. That's your answer and that's your Shoutout!
AZUZ: So, some of you have been asking what I've been doing with my summer. The first part of it, the staff of CNN Student News spent with some 21st Century Leaders. It was part of a program called Leadership Unplugged: A CNN Experience. In this program, about 100 high school students, all from around the state of Georgia, got to stay on the Georgia Tech campus for a week. And during that time, they worked on leadership skills; they learned about media literacy: how we get stories, how we cover the news. And they got a behind-the-scenes look at CNN. We talked with some of them about what they learned from the program. Here's what they had to say.
ADRIANA BOOKER: The definition of leadership was definitely redefined from this program. I learned that being a leader, it's not all about you. It's about a team; it's a team effort.
SUMAR DEEN: I learned that networking is essential and it's also pretty easy; just a firm handshake and conversation with people.
KEITH WOODS: I think the most important thing that I have learned is, even though you are a leader, you really need to consider other people's feelings before you make a decision, a team decision.
JUSTIN TOLIVER: Everybody comes here because they are seen as a leader in some aspect, and you meet all different types of people. And one great thing that you realize during this experience is that you can find a different leadership role in other people.
THU DOAN: Trust is very important in business, and to me, business starts with the foundation of trust, and without trust you can't do business with anyone.
KEVIN FAN: The importance of just listening, actually. Leadership is not just one way, one person on top giving away commands and that's it. Leadership is almost equally taking in opinions and being able to listen equally to all your team members and thinking in their shoes.
BRITTANY GRIFFIN: I've learned that no matter who you're with, you need to learn how to cooperate. You need to learn how to listen to other peoples' ideas, and you need to learn how to step back even if you think your idea is the best.
CINDY CABA: The main thing I've learned from this program would have to be the interaction of different personalities and different groups and how people work. We all have dominant personalities and mixing them all together has been a challenge, but I've learned how to do that.
ALFONZO WASHINGTON: Another thing I've learned is you've got to find a goal for yourself. You can't just be walking around not knowing what you're doing or not knowing what you want to do. Try to find a goal for yourself and go achieve it.
AZUZ: It started with 32 teams; you are now looking at the last two! The FIFA World Cup winner will be from Europe. We know that, and we know that neither the Netherlands nor Spain has ever won a World Cup. The Netherlands defeated Uruguay in one semifinal; Spain beat Germany in the other. The final match between these two teams on your screen is July 11th. It's exciting news for soccer fans. If you're not a soccer fan, baseball season's in full swing!
Before We Go
AZUZ: Well you know we can't get through a summer show without a Before We Go segment; today, we have four! Kicking things off for you with soccer. Now, this is not the World Cup; it's the RoboCup. We're looking at sort of computerized players on pint-sized pitches. The speedy strikers are just six inches tall, but if these sort of Rubik's Cube things aren't your speed, maybe the bigger version will be; they look a lot more like we do. The goal of this RoboCup is to actually field a World Cup team by the year 2050.
Okay, eating: We all love it. This is an old-fashioned eating competition: man vs. beast vs. hot dog bun! They were given six minutes. The humans: 15 dozen buns. The elephants: 41 dozen buns. Boy, those elephants can really pachy-derm it in.
All right, the next story might make you do a spit take. It's the 37th annual Cherry Pit Spitting-- oo! That one almost hit me. The 37th annual Cherry Pit Spitting Championship. People from across the globe took part in this. Imagine traveling from Europe and losing. That would be the pits.
And even worse: ending up in a pack of zombies. More than 4,200 living dead walkers in Seattle, Washington. The event set a new world record. What does it take to organize 4,200 zombies?
AZUZ: Somebody with a lot of brains. We're gonna be back on August 16th. We hope you enjoy the rest of your summer, and we will look forward to seeing you very soon. Have a great one!